Environmental Protection Trends Facing China's Livestock Farming Industry- 【鑫 芯 物 联】
The State Council's notice requires that by the end of 2017, localities should shut down or relocate livestock and poultry farms (communities) and specialized breeding households in the restricted areas according to law. Major provinces have announced the delineation of detained areas and their demolition schedules, and a national demolition storm has been set off.
Since the Huangpu River incident in 2013, the long-neglected domestic pollution problem of livestock and poultry breeding has been at the forefront. The lack of guidance and planning for the development of China ’s livestock and poultry breeding industry, the unreasonable layout of the livestock and poultry breeding industry, the disconnection of planting and breeding, the total amount of breeding in some areas exceeding the environmental capacity, and the large number of livestock and poultry manure have not been effectively addressed. This incident caused the country to attach great importance to the pollution of livestock and poultry, and the State Council issued the Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Pollution Caused by Large-scale Livestock and Poultry Farming (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations"), thus unveiling the environmental protection tide of agricultural livestock and poultry farming. The State Council even issued a request for the completion of the banned area in 2017. So what kind of environmental protection trend will China's livestock farming present?
1. Small and medium-sized farms are still the main body, and the situation of environmental pollution is very severe.
According to the "National Hog Production Development Plan 2016-2020", the proportion of large-scale breeding of pigs with a size of over 500 pigs in China increased from 38% in 2010 to 42% in 2014, and is expected to reach 52% in 2020. That is to say, in 2020, small and medium-sized retail enterprises with an annual output of less than 500 pigs will still be one of the main breeders. However, due to the weak environmental awareness of small and medium breeding farmers and the lack of funds and pollution treatment equipment, most small and medium breeders and illegal scale farms will directly discharge a large amount of livestock and poultry manure, causing serious pollution.
According to the 2010 National Bulletin of the First Survey of Pollution Sources, the chemical oxygen demand of China ’s livestock and poultry breeding industry reached 12.6826 million tons, and the total nitrogen and total phosphorus emissions were 10.248 million tons and 160,400 tons, accounting for agriculture Source emissions are 96%, 38%, and 56%.
At the same time, China's aquaculture industry has a low scale, a wide range of points, a huge total volume, and difficulties in the management of aquaculture wastes. This has caused a serious lag in the environmental protection of aquaculture wastes in China, and the situation of environmental pollution is very severe.
2. Laws and regulations have been increased, and the rectification has become more and more severe.
Prior to the promulgation of the Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Pollution Caused by Large-scale Livestock and Poultry Farming, China did not have any special laws and regulations on agricultural environmental protection at the national level. Jin Jianming, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, pointed out when interpreting the regulations to the media. It can be seen that prior to the Huangpu River incident, the country had always neglected environmental governance for rapid economic development. However, with the rapid development of the economy and people ’s awareness of environmental protection, The environmental issues have become increasingly important issues of people's livelihood. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the "focus on environmental protection development has never taken the old path of pollution first and governance." "This shows that the country will pay more attention to environmental protection and develop a green economy. The Ministry of Agriculture announced on April 20, 2016 the" National Pig Production and Development Plan (2016-2020) ", and plans for the pig industry in the next five years. The regional layout of pigs has been divided, the development of standardized large-scale farming, the promotion of industrialization, and the improvement of waste neutralization and utilization to reduce pollution. In December of the same year, the State Council issued a notice requiring that pig farms in all closed areas throughout the country must Complete closure or relocation.
In addition, there are a series of laws and regulations, such as "Water Ten," "Southern Water Network pig breeding layout adjustment," "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan," and other regulations have been promulgated and increased, and the requirements for environmental protection and management of farming have become increasingly strict and clear. This is enough to show the central government's determination to control environmental pollution. Under the high pressure of environmental protection and the high attention of the government, environmental protection departments have further strengthened supervision and law enforcement. Governments at all levels have published various farm pollution control work programs, with 2017 as the deadline to increase pollution control and demolition.
3. The environment will be more scientifically governed, and transformation and upgrading will become a trend
Environmental protection measures and the delineation of closed areas have raised the threshold for animal husbandry to some extent. At the same time, the breeding costs of farmers have been raised to a certain extent. After the retail investors withdraw, leaving farms with economic strength, it is easier to improve the standardization and scale of breeding and promote industrial upgrading . Environmental protection and conservation can improve the environment to a certain extent, reduce pollution, and develop sustainable agriculture.
However, with the implementation of the pig rearing policy in some areas, pig farms in closed areas were closed or demolished, and some pigs were forced out of the stalls, resulting in a continuous decline in pig inventory. Not only that, due to strong environmental accountability and difficult pollution control standards, some places have simply adopted the rude approach of comprehensive detention and bans. Even in some places, blind areas have been diffused in order to improve their political performance.
In fact, it is inevitable that problems such as declining pig stocks and comprehensive bans will occur. The government must continuously improve the level of farming in China and establish standardized farms if it wants to continuously control agricultural environmental pollution. This has certain technical and financial strength for the farms. Requirements, and the vast majority of retail customers are currently unable to meet this standard. Today's delimitation zone and large-scale farms are actually the first step in the processing of agricultural environment. After the large-scale farms have a certain scale, the state will put forward higher environmental protection requirements for the aquaculture industry in order to achieve true sustainability. development of. The demolition of the southern water network and encouraging farmers to breed in the environmental carrying capacity and feed raw materials can reduce the pollution of water sources and the environment to a certain extent, but will it not cause pollution to the moved in place? In addition to the environmental governance of today's policies, there is also a reasonable layout plan for pig farming for future management and development. Then, the contradiction of the development of China's breeding industry will inevitably be reflected in the course of the incubation. Now, the main breeding body in China is still small and medium-sized retail investors with an annual output of 500 pigs. This is a problem that must be faced in the process of transformation and upgrading.
In the process of upgrading and upgrading, to a certain extent, the policies issued by the government, such as "Water Ten Articles" and "Pig Development Plan", can be said to be aimed at small and medium-sized farmers. To continue to survive, small and medium-sized farmers must carry out industry Upgrade or work with large enterprises. Forcing to improve the current status and level of farming. Therefore, we can recently learn about the biological fungal bed model, breeding and separation model that companies have promoted in various places, companies + cooperatives + farmers, farmers and enterprises cooperate to build domestic pigs, and family free-range farms are upgraded to family farms. Pig farming pattern.
4. The environmental protection of livestock breeding will move towards a more scientific and reasonable trend
Livestock and poultry manure resources should be treated in a coordinated manner. Both clear-cut promotion of livestock and poultry manure resources should be promoted, and the development of production and supply must be identified to prevent blind spread of restricted areas and simple shutdown of farms. This means that reducing pollution from farming faeces is not simply a matter of banning and closing down farms, and environmental governance is moving in a more scientific and reasonable direction. In the future, environmental protection of aquaculture will be more focused on rationalizing and harmless livestock manure and pollution, and achieving green development.
April 16, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd