The development of agricultural modernization is inseparable from the leadership of a new agricultural concept- 【鑫 芯 物 联】
Without agricultural modernization , national modernization is incomplete, incomplete, and unstable. In the context of the new normal of economic development, modern economic and social development has made higher and higher demands on agriculture , and the task of structural reform on the supply side of agriculture is very difficult. In the period of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", the key points and difficulties of building a well-off society in all respects are in the countryside. We must speed up the shortcomings of agriculture and rural areas .
We must adhere to the new development concept, take the advancement of agricultural supply-side structural reform as the main line of agricultural and rural work, cultivate new kinetic energy for agricultural and rural development, and improve overall agricultural efficiency and competitiveness. Firmly establishing and thoroughly implementing the development concepts of innovation, coordination, greenness, openness, and sharing have a very important era value for creating a new situation in agricultural modernization.
I. Innovation is the core driving force of China's agricultural modernization:
"To solve the problem of agriculture, rural areas and farmers ", it is fundamental to deepen reform and take the road of modern agriculture with Chinese characteristics. "
Reform is innovation in a sense. Promoting agricultural supply-side structural reform is a major change in the thinking of agricultural and rural development. The 2017 Central Document clearly stated that the main line should be to promote agricultural supply-side structural reforms, focusing on agricultural efficiency, farmers' income, and greening of the countryside, strengthening the leadership of scientific and technological innovation, accelerating the pace of structural adjustment, increasing the intensity of rural reform, and improving Comprehensive agricultural benefits and competitiveness.
Therefore, it is necessary to speed up the adjustment of agricultural structure, promote the upgrading and upgrading of industries, develop high-efficiency aquaculture , accelerate the improvement of varieties, form a modern agricultural production structure and regional layout that are compatible with market needs and matched with resource endowments, and improve the quality of agricultural products and services. Supply quality and efficiency. We need to deepen the reform of the rural collective property rights system and explore effective organizational forms and implementation methods of the rural collective ownership economy. The focus is on reforming the land system and implementing the "three rights separation" method of collective land ownership, farmer contracting rights, and land management rights . Promote the reform of rural land acquisition, collectively-owned land use in the market, and reform of the housing site system. It is necessary to promote innovation in the agricultural support and protection system and improve the incentive mechanism for agricultural production . In short, it is necessary to innovate institutional mechanisms to activate the potential of resource elements, liberate and develop rural productive forces, transform and enhance traditional kinetic energy, cultivate and expand new kinetic energy, and form a more efficient, effective, and sustainable agricultural supply system.
Coordination is an endogenous requirement for the sustainable and healthy development of the agricultural economy:
At present, the level of infrastructure and public services in China's vast rural areas is still far from that of cities. Only by injecting many modern elements into agriculture, cultivating the endogenous material foundation of the countryside, and enhancing the blood-forming function, can the agricultural peasants modernize the countryside at the same time. It is necessary to properly coordinate urban-rural relations, promote the balanced allocation of urban and rural public resources, coordinate the planning of urban-rural infrastructure networks, improve the long-term mechanism for rural infrastructure investment, and promote the urban-rural interconnection of infrastructure such as water circuits and gas trust, as well as the unified urban-rural layout of ecological and environmental protection facilities; The focus of career development is on rural areas and the acceptance of cities and towns with a large number of agricultural transfers, the promotion of urban public services to rural areas, and the gradual realization of unified urban and rural public service systems and unified standards. It is necessary to accelerate the adjustment of agricultural structure, promote the coordination of functional areas for food production, protected areas for important agricultural products, and advantageous areas for special agricultural products to achieve the integrated development of rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries; Integrated development; vigorously develop the rural leisure tourism industry, promote the deep integration of agriculture, forestry and tourism, education, culture, health care and other industries, steadily promote the development of rural e-commerce, and expand farmers' income channels. Under the new economic normal, the concept of coordination not only requires optimizing the structure, adjusting proportions, and making up for shortcomings, but also emphasizes broadening the space for agricultural modernization in coordinated development, and strengthening the stamina of development in strengthening weak areas.
3. The green development road is the only way for agricultural modernization in the new period:
This year's Central Document No. 1 emphasizes "increasing agricultural efficiency and increasing farmers' incomes" while emphasizing "rural greening", which is a manifestation of the implementation of the concept of green development. How to ensure the effective supply and quality safety of agricultural products under the hard constraints of resources and environment, and enhance the sustainable development of agriculture is a major challenge that must be addressed in the current agricultural development. The wisdom of "harmony between man and nature" and "natural nature" in Chinese civilization is full of the philosophy of green development.
Agriculture is the industry closest to nature. Towards an ecological civilization, building beautiful countryside, and achieving harmonious coexistence between man and nature have become the only options for building agricultural modernization in the new era. It is necessary to strengthen the construction of major ecological projects, establish policies and technical support systems for the effective protection and efficient use of agricultural resources, adhere to the most stringent arable land protection system, and promote the overall protection, system restoration, and comprehensive management of landscapes, forests, lakes, and lakes. Extensive methods, actively develop efficient ecological circular agriculture, and improve resource utilization efficiency. It is necessary to focus on the outstanding problems of the agricultural environment, promote the rehabilitation of cultivated land, grasslands, rivers and lakes, increase comprehensive management of agricultural non-point source pollution and groundwater funnel areas, heavy metal polluted areas, and areas with severe ecological degradation, and promote the excessive dependence of agricultural and rural development Consumption of resources, mainly meeting the demand for quantity, has shifted to the pursuit of green ecological sustainability, and more emphasis on meeting qualitative needs.
4. Open development has opened up new space for agricultural modernization:
It is necessary to make good use of the two resources of the international and domestic markets, create a favorable international trade environment for agricultural products, and improve the competitiveness of the agricultural market. It is necessary to improve the strategic layout of agricultural opening to the outside world, optimize the supply structure of agricultural products, improve the market environment of agricultural products for fair competition, and conduct trade remedy investigations on imported agricultural products in accordance with the law; Organic unity. It is necessary to focus on building an agricultural opening-up policy system, focusing on the “Belt and Road” and surrounding countries and regions, supporting agricultural enterprises to carry out transnational operations, establishing overseas production bases and processing, warehousing and logistics facilities, and fostering large enterprises with international competitiveness Group, actively participate in international agricultural competition and cooperation.
V. Sharing is the ultimate goal of achieving agricultural efficiency, greening rural areas and increasing farmers' income:
We must persist in development for the sake of farmers, rely on farmers for development, and share development results with farmers. We must use a more effective institutional arrangement, with greater determination and greater strength, to speed up the shortcomings of a comprehensive well-off society in agriculture and rural areas. All farmers have a greater sense of gain in co-construction and shared development. Shared development is not abstract, but it is reflected in all aspects of medical care, education, employment, poverty alleviation, and food safety . In particular, it is important to point out that poverty alleviation in poor areas and the poor is the key to achieving shared development. It is required to combine the development of moderate-scale agricultural operations with the fight against poverty, and adapt to the promotion of new-type urbanization, so that the policy of strengthening agriculture and benefiting agriculture will take care of most ordinary farmers. This requires us to continue to strengthen the basic construction of farmland, carry out in-depth governance of rural human settlements and the construction of beautiful and livable villages, continuously improve the level of basic public services in rural areas, and consolidate the foundation for shared development in rural areas; we must continue to promote targeted poverty alleviation and targeted poverty alleviation due to human factors. Local policies, classified support for poor families, solid advancement of poverty alleviation, further promotion of targeted poverty alleviation policies, and implementation of China's current standards for poverty alleviation in rural poor, all poverty-stricken counties are removed, and regional overall poverty is effectively resolved. The majority of farmers participate in the modernization process on an equal basis and share the fruits of modernization.
April 13, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd