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The Internet of Things is setting off a new round of changes in various sub-sectors. From industrial automation to medical and agricultural fields, new technologies have promoted the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, while highlighting unlimited prospects. In the agricultural field, there are also huge market opportunities. Smart agricultural technology helps farmers monitor livestock, assess crop growth, monitor soil quality, limit water consumption, control temperature, etc., so raising crops and animals in the future will be easier than ever.
I. The opportunity for smart agriculture is coming:
Due to uncertain weather and climatic conditions, traditional crop cultivation methods are easily affected, reducing yields or catastrophic losses. The use of IoT information technology can achieve higher output and reduce dependence on fossil fuels, minimize resource use and increase the sustainability of the food chain. Smart agriculture will be the best solution to meet growing global food demand.
In order to protect plants from wind, snow, hail, low temperatures, and pests and parasites, farmers began to use greenhouse Dapeng to grow crops and build closed ecosystems that can control temperature and light, and the amount of moisture and nutrients. With the development of automation technology, the use of wireless technology and a series of sensors and controllers can monitor the conditions in the greenhouse, ensuring that the plant environment does not become too hot or cold, sufficient sunlight, sufficient water and food, etc.
The key to intelligent control is to use sensors to monitor parameters such as temperature, water consumption, light, humidity, and water pressure. Perceive plant growth environment, analyze and judge according to environmental changes, and can automatically open windows, fans, spray plants, increase or decrease temperature, or automatically distribute fertilizers and other operations. Some smart greenhouses use solar panels to generate the power they need, further saving time, money, energy and labor.
Second, drones reduce labor input:
At present, the largest application of drones is aerial photography, but its market potential is also huge in the agricultural environment. Drones are not just a tool used by Jingdong for unmanned delivery. More and more farms are using drones to monitor their fields and perform some agricultural tasks.
The drone can be a moving sensor and can appear anywhere on the farm. Farmers can use it to monitor crop growth and perform soil analysis to monitor crop health. UAV investment can reduce labor investment costs, and more flexibly and lightly solve the problem of crop health monitoring.
In addition, drones can help farmers plant seeds, irrigate fields, and spray crops when necessary. Utilizing advanced features such as sophisticated navigation and maps and imaging technology, drone technology makes data collection and analysis easier, and can help farmers increase yields while reducing labor costs.
Third, the wireless Internet of Things to monitor the health of livestock in real time:
With the breakthrough of wireless technology, low-power WAN products have appeared one after another, and communication costs have become cheaper and cheaper, thus providing a basis for the health monitoring of agricultural animals. In the wave of the Internet of Things era, farmers can monitor the health of thousands of animals through IoT sensors, track their locations in real time, find diseased animals through data analysis, and give timely treatment.
In addition, the sensor data can also predict some possibilities, such as pregnant animals, etc. Farmers need to know immediately and help with childbirth. Wireless devices make it easier for ranchers and farmers to take care of their poultry and livestock, and to provide animal health and location status in a timely manner, thereby further improving survival and increasing ranch output.
More and more advanced sensors are being used to monitor animals on the pasture. Farmers can even know when the animals are pregnant and when they start giving birth. By detecting the animal's moisture, it detects when it breaks and reminds farmers to give birth. These technologies allow farmers to better feed their animals, so more meat, eggs, milk, and cheese are brought to consumers' tables.
April 2, 2018