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Realizing the organic connection between small farmers and modern agricultural development is an important part of the rural revitalization strategy, and it is also a practical problem that must be faced and solved in order to promote rural revitalization. To solve this problem, we need to deepen our understanding, improve our standing, grasp the difficult points and pain points from practice, and implement them in a targeted manner.
In reality, these contradictions manifest in many ways. Not only is the number of small farmers huge, but there are obvious shortcomings in areas such as management capacity, vision, courage, etc. that are unsuitable, unsuitable for market economy competition and modern agricultural requirements. On the one hand, a large number of small farmers are willing or even eager to transfer the contracted land through the transfer of land management rights , which will increase income and reduce the labor burden, but many local small farmers have the willingness but no or few new farmers take over the market. On the other hand, many small farmers have their own business capacity and willingness to operate, and are unwilling to transfer land out. New farmers have no land to rent, or rents have risen, making it difficult to form an effective business scale.
From the perspective of the new peasants, whether it is a family farm, a professional cooperative, or a leading enterprise, the modest scale of operation is a basic premise, but they also have the problem of scale selection. Some new farmers have a strong willingness and ability to rent land. As long as farmers are willing, they can be transferred to unified management and achieve healthy cooperative development. Some new farmers have the ability and willingness, but are limited by local land resource conditions. Or farmers are unwilling to transfer land, resulting in high energy and low allocation; some new farmers choose conservative management under pressure of operating risks and do not want to expand the scale of operation; some new farmers are subject to local department requirements or other reasons, in the form of Large-scale operations, but they are not really linked, nor are they brought together.
These contradictions are in front of us, a topic that must be answered in the development of modern agriculture, and also a problem that must be solved in order to promote rural revitalization. In the 21st century, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, through vigorous encouragement, active guidance, and active training, a large number of new farmers are becoming a new force in modern agricultural operations, and a variety of moderate-scale operations have also significantly improved land management efficiency and Operating quality. However, the current conditions of large population and small land and the imbalanced development situation still make it difficult for many small farmers to get on the fast train of modern agriculture and to fully share the fruits of agricultural modernization .
How to meet the requirements of large-scale operation of modern agriculture under the practical difficulties of a large number of small farmers? The answer is to persist in seeking benefits from modest-scale operations, and unswervingly promote the prosperity of the industry and the prosperity of life through modern agriculture. However, the mode of operation of moderate scale cannot be restricted to land transfer and other methods. Instead, more attention must be paid to cultivating new farmers in the production and service industry, and through agricultural socialization services, such as land custody, farming and planting, and management. Anti-ruling and other eclectic agricultural socialization services, connecting large-scale production with small farmers, not only have the quality of modern agricultural operations, liberate small farmers, but also diversify the management risks of new farmers. To do this, it is required that in the future agricultural support policy, the support for new farmers be linked to the number of small farmers they drive, and new farmers are encouraged to join the small farmers to enter the market through hard support.
January 31, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd