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In 2017, Beidahuang Qixing Branch took technological innovation as an important way to promote agricultural efficiency and farmers' income. By improving the Datian Internet of Things project, selecting high-quality varieties, establishing experimental demonstration parks, implementing soil testing and fertilizing, and increasing sales. Measures such as team building promote the development of modern agriculture toward the base park, intelligent production, sales branding, and industrial recycling.
Implementing Datian Internet of Things project to strengthen green rice foundation
Relying on scientific and technological construction to consolidate green agricultural products is an important measure for Qixing Branch to grasp the "grains and food", create "seven-star origin" and "green and safe big kitchen", and implement the first batch of national IoT application demonstration projects to build 360 Degree Panoramic Agricultural Product Traceability System has realized the transformation from “good to grow” to “sell well”. According to statistics, last year, Qixing Branch sold a variety of rice series online and offline in just one month through various marketing methods. More than 200 tons of rice.
"Through this country's first batch of field planting Internet of Things technology , it can cover 20 management areas of the branch, and real-time monitoring of the operating position, trajectory, area, fuel consumption, and operation effect of each Internet agricultural machine. Four sensors and 20 small weather stations can obtain real-time information on crop growth, weather, soil, moisture, water temperature, etc. The modern agriculture of the branch is moving from mechanization to digital smart agriculture . "Peng Rongjun, general manager of the Seven Stars Branch of Beidahuang The introduction said.
This branch has installed a total of 200 video monitoring points in the field. Since the optical fiber has been completely laid on November 15, 2017, all video monitoring equipment has been connected and put into use. You can see in the management center that dozens of large screens simultaneously display all agricultural-related real-time data in each management area. The staff can just click the mouse to see the planting situation in different plots. Rice varieties, fertilizer usage, and file information of the growers can be displayed on the computer and mobile phone. Yu Xiaoli, deputy general manager of Qixing Branch, said: "Sensors and other equipment installed in the field can measure the information of the entire planting process, which is conducive to timely measures."
In addition, the IoT management platform also deeply integrates technologies such as the Internet, 3S, and big data , and unified management of a variety of contents such as agriculture, agricultural machinery, forestry, water conservancy, science and technology, and government affairs, which can implement the traceability function of agricultural product quality and enhance the Qixing agricultural brand. To accelerate the transformation of agricultural products from "well grown" to "sell well".
Implement experimental demonstration projects to lead the promotion of scientific and technological innovation
During the 2017 spring planting period, the Agricultural Technology Promotion Center of Qixing Branch carried out daily rice planting contrast experiments with different machine insertion, different fertilizers, and different cultivation modes. Li Zhenyu, the director of the agricultural production department of the branch company, told the author that the fertilizers applied to different varieties of rice must be strictly matched, and the density of planting can be accurate to how many seedlings are in each hole. After scientific planting, the average yield per mu can be increased by 150-200 kg.
The branch vigorously implemented the project of arable land protection and quality enhancement to promote fertilizer reduction and efficiency, implemented 10 rice "3414" tests, 2 fertilizer utilization tests, and 5 zinc fertilizer demonstrations. Since the end of the autumn harvest, the agricultural technology team of the branch has penetrated into 20 management areas, and accurately classified the terrain, water sources, soil types and plant species, collected normalized, regionalized, and personalized soil samples, and performed nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and pH. Value, organic matter, and trace element content for analysis and testing. The results are incorporated into the database and compared with the "depth" of historical data. Through experiments, the optimal fertilization ratio, amount, period and method of fertilization can be obtained. It is also a test for screening soil nutrients. Methods, the establishment of an index system for soil testing and fertilization provides a basis.
In 2017, the branch established 10 demonstration sites for formula fertilizer application in the field, 9 demonstration sites for nitrogen control, phosphorus and potassium stabilization, and 6 demonstration sites for deep application of formula fertilizer. By establishing demonstration sites, field technical guidance, and distributing information, etc., vigorously promote soil testing and formula fertilization technology, farmers have a more intuitive understanding of soil testing and formula fertilization technology. At the same time, the branch has formulated 8 formulary and hypertrophy formulas based on the situation of the land, promoted 175,000 tons of formula fertilizers, and farmers' fertilization methods are more reasonable. The application of rice side deep fertilization technology covers an area of 294,000 acres, saving costs and increasing efficiency by more than 40 million yuan. Application of "nitrogen control, phosphorus regulation, potassium stabilization" fertilization technology, demonstration households reduced the amount of phosphate fertilizer application by about 30%, to achieve the goal of weight loss without reducing production.
On this basis, the branch company established a pilot demonstration base in each management area, which improved the "branch science and technology park + management area" with science and technology parks as the support, the management area demonstration bases as the focus, and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements as the core. Demonstration base + technology demonstration household demonstration field "new technology promotion system.
In this regard, this branch company focused on strengthening the construction of the experimental demonstration base in the management area, demonstrated the application of new varieties and new technologies in the demonstration base, set up a platform for technicians to carry out practical technical training and on-site technical guidance, and made the management area demonstration base a visit for farmers. The main place for learning and experience exchange. At the same time, 300 households with a certain level of education, higher planting level, moderate planting scale, and helpful farmers were selected as science and technology demonstration households. The technology demonstration households played a leading role in new varieties, new technologies, and new product applications.
January 25, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd