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At present, China's agricultural production and service industry is still facing problems such as the scale , specialization and organization of services, the service methods cannot fully meet the needs of farmers , and the lack of motivation for ordinary farmers, which has affected China's agriculture to a certain extent. Modernization process. To innovate channels to increase farmers' income and promote agricultural quality and efficiency, we must accelerate the development of agricultural production and service industries. In the document, the Ministry of Agriculture proposed that China should further increase investment in infrastructure construction of high-standard farmland , encourage localities to strengthen the construction of supporting service facilities such as centralized seedling raising, grain drying, agricultural machinery operations, pre-cooling storage, etc. Investment in the construction of informatization facilities.
Provide basic support for the construction of a modern agricultural industrial system, production system and management system, focusing on three aspects:
The first is to actively expand the service area:
The development of agricultural production and service industry should focus on meeting the production and operation needs of ordinary farmers and new business entities, based on the entire process of serving agricultural production before, during and after production, give full play to the leading role of public service agencies, and focus on developing agricultural business services.
1. Agricultural market information services:
Focusing on farmers' production and operation decision-making needs, improve the market information collection, analysis, release and service system, use market information to guide farmers to adjust and optimize the structure of farming and breeding according to market demand, and rationally arrange agricultural production.
2. Agricultural materials supply services:
Support service organizations to strengthen cooperation with the breeding and promotion integrated seed industry enterprises to provide farmers and producers with full-process services in the areas of improved seed R & D, display and demonstration, centralized seedling (seedling), standardized seed supply, and seed technical guidance.
3. Technical services for agricultural green production:
Encourage service organizations to develop green and efficient technical services. Support service organizations to carry out field operations services such as deep turning, deep loosening, and straw returning to the field, and integrate and promote green, high-yield and high-efficiency technology models.
4. Agricultural waste resource utilization services:
Encourage large and medium cities to purchase services from the government and support professional service organizations to collect and deal with sick and dead livestock and poultry. Promote decentralized collection, centralized processing and utilization in breeding-intensive areas, promote the establishment of a three-tier service network for the collection, transformation, and utilization of livestock and poultry wastes, and explore the establishment of livestock and poultry manure treatment and utilization benefits.
5. Agricultural machinery operation and maintenance services:
Promote the expansion of the agricultural machinery service field from grain, cotton, oil and sugar crops to specialty crops and aquaculture production facilities. The service link extends from farming and harvesting to specialized plant protection, straw treatment, and drying of production areas. New layout of agricultural machinery services with reasonable layout, economic convenience, professional and efficient.
6. Primary processing services of agricultural products:
Support agricultural product processing and circulation enterprises and service organizations to develop primary processing services such as storage, drying, cleaning and grading, and packaging, and improve their commercialization capabilities. Strengthen the construction of a cold chain system for the storage and preservation of agricultural products, and support the centralized and continuous construction of a variety of storage and preservation facilities such as room temperature storage, mechanical refrigeration, modified atmosphere storage, and decompression storage. Support service organizations to strengthen storage and preservation technology training and encourage "one storehouse for multiple uses."
7. Agricultural product marketing services:
Encourage agricultural product wholesale markets to actively provide services such as agricultural product pre-selection and classification, processing and distribution, packaging and storage, information services, standardized transactions, electronic settlement, and inspection and testing. Improve agricultural product logistics services, promote the connection between agricultural super-leagues and rural communities, use agricultural exhibitions to carry out various forms of production and marketing linkages, and expand the channels for agricultural product circulation. Actively develop e-commerce for agricultural products, encourage online purchases and sales, and other trading methods, and promote the organic integration of online and offline agricultural product circulation.
The second is to vigorously cultivate service organizations:
1. Cultivate diversified service subjects:
Accelerating the cultivation of various service organizations in accordance with the principles of diversified subjects, diverse forms, professional services and sufficient competition, and giving full play to the respective advantages and functions of different service subjects.
2. Promote the joint and integrated development of service entities:
Encourage various service organizations to strengthen joint cooperation, promote horizontal and vertical expansion of the service chain, and promote diversified interactions, complementary functions, and integrated development of various entities. Guide all types of service entities around the production of the same industry or the same product, with capital, technology, and services as the ties, actively develop new types of organizations such as service consortia and service alliances, and build an integrated service organization system.
The third is to continuously innovate service methods:
1. Promote the coordinated development of special services and comprehensive services
Encourage all kinds of service organizations to provide specialized special services and comprehensive comprehensive services around the pre-, mid-, and post-production stages of agricultural production, and promote the complementary and coordinated development of special services and comprehensive services.
2. Vigorously promote agricultural production hosting
Agricultural production trusteering is an agricultural operation method in which farming households and other business entities entrust all or part of the farming, seeding, prevention, and harvesting operations in agricultural production to service organizations for completion or assistance without transferring land management rights . The main form of service-oriented scale operation has extensive adaptability and development potential.
3. Exploring innovative agricultural technology extension service mechanisms
Bring into play the leading role of agricultural technology extension agencies in agricultural technology extension services, promote the expansion of service functions from agricultural technology services to agricultural public services, strengthen the performance of public welfare functions, and strengthen guidance and services to market-oriented agricultural technology extension subjects.
In the future, the Ministry of Agriculture will implement relevant preferential policies for the agricultural production and service industry, and vigorously support the development of various service organizations through financial support, credit support, and reduction of taxes and fees. In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture also proposed that localities should proceed from local conditions, formulate supporting support policies, strengthen supervision and inspection, promote policy implementation, and truly play the role of policy guidance and support.
December 8, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd