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The use of these new technologies not only affects and changes our lives, but also affects and changes the "life" of pigs, cattle, and sheep. In the world, many farms have begun to use animal wearable smart devices, and use these devices to collect various types of animal data and send them to remote servers. The server can help farmers better manage these data through intelligent analysis of these data. Their own herds (pigs), understand their healthy diet, and alert them in advance. According to analysis and statistics: the industry market for wearable technology for animals (including livestock) is expected to reach 17.6 billion yuan by 2025.
Livestock smart wearable devices are mainly on the ears, neck or tail. These devices can detect the core body temperature, activity, position information, heart rate, blood oxygen saturation, pH value and ruminant of livestock through the above detection device. This information will be transmitted to the cloud server in real time through the wireless communication technology of the generator on the device. On the cloud server, intelligent computing will process these data and turn these "boring" data into intuitive information, such as the prediction of possible illness, the estrus period is reached, not eating, activity and so on. This information is then sent to the smart phone or computer of the farm manager in real time, or to the smart wearable device of the livestock.
What problems can smart wearable devices solve for farmers?
Case number one:
By wearing smart devices on pig ears, the pig's core body temperature and activity data are detected, and then sent to the receiver of the pig farm through radio frequency technology. The estrus period and disease of the pig are predicted by analyzing the real-time updated data. More accurate prediction of estrus can greatly increase the PSY of the farm (PSY refers to the number of piglets weaned per year per sow, which is an important indicator for measuring the efficiency of the farm and the reproductive performance of the sow. Its calculation method is : PSY = parity of sows per litter × number of live sows born per litter × survival rate of suckling piglets); accurate prediction of the disease, in addition to reducing the cost of medication, can prevent disease transmission in advance, reduce losses, and more importantly Yes, the use of anti-biotic su has been reduced . This is vital to the health of both animals and humans.
Wearing a smart collar around a cow's neck can predict cow disease in advance and help dairy farmers increase milk production. For most breeds of cattle, humans will be regarded as predators, so when you see humans, cattle will feel nervous, and this mood will affect the health and milk production of cattle. The artificial wear of cattle can greatly reduce the manpower of forage. The smart collar can detect the temperature, activity and rumination of cattle. These data can not only predict the disease, but also the “heart pressure” of the cattle, because the rough treatment of the staff and the crowding of the activity space will cause pressure on the cattle. Stress not only affects health but also affects milk production. Wearing the device in advance can help farmers take timely measures to increase milk production.
Use smart collars to help farmers to intelligently graze cattle and create a fenced pasture for farmers. Traditional pasture grazing usually requires setting up a fence. On the one hand, this can better manage pasture and on the other hand, reduce the damage of cattle to other facilities (such as Destroy and pollute water sources). Traditional manual grazing methods are labor-intensive and often require changes to the fence. Through cattle's smart collars, unmanned grazing and fenceless smart grazing can be realized. The smart collar of the cow has GPS positioning, which can get the position of the cow in real time. The farmer only needs to draw a fence on the smart terminal, such as a mobile phone app, and the system has a range of cattle cattle. When the cow is moving within range, the collar does not give any signal to the cow, but when the cow walks towards the virtual fence, the collar will sound a sound until the cow changes direction.
What are the benefits of using smart wearables?
Livestock intelligent equipment and management systems can help farmers more accurately predict estrus, predict disease, manage emotions, and manage grazing. These practices have reduced costs, increased production, and liberated farmers' labor from different perspectives. The smart wearable device of pigs can also help the pig industry in China to solve the problem of scam insurance. Some pig farms in China will borrow pigs from surrounding farmers when they apply for subsidies. With this device, this behavior can be avoided. . With this system, farmers can apply for loans, and financial companies can more accurately assess project risks.
Core technologies and industry prospects of smart wearable devices:
The core technology of livestock intelligent equipment and intelligent management system comes from two aspects: one is the integration degree of smart wearable devices; the other is artificial intelligence algorithms.
Smart wearable devices need to integrate detection and communication equipment, as well as power supply equipment. In terms of detection, in addition to more mature body temperature and position detection, the ability to integrate more information detection is very important to improve various types of prediction and management; in communication, different wireless communication technologies need to be used according to the acquisition frequency and distance. In addition, wearable devices are generally inconvenient to remove, so batteries are also an important part.
Another core technology is artificial intelligence algorithms for data processing. A good intelligent livestock management system is to make the most accurate predictions with the least disruption to livestock. Better integration of artificial intelligence and animal husbandry can find more data correlations, thereby optimizing algorithms and improving accuracy.
So far, the cost of smart wearable devices and supporting software is not high, especially for many large farms, the average annual cost of a cow / pig is about 800 yuan, compared with the benefits brought by this set of equipment, This investment is worth it.
In the long run, whether it is hardware or software, the costs in this area will continue to decrease, which will accelerate the development of this industry. In the near future, you can take out your smartphone. In addition to shopping, ordering food, and calling a car, you can also By the way, feed the cows.
November 13, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd