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With the improvement of people's living standards, the safety awareness of food use is getting higher and higher. The health of the animals produced by the livestock industry, which is the main meat supply, directly affects the safety and health of meat food. Sickness will reduce the quality and yield of livestock products. If the diseased livestock and poultry circulation market is affected, it will seriously affect the health of consumers. Therefore, the full recording and analysis of growth data during animal growth is an important guarantee for achieving large-scale animal breeding, circulation, species improvement, and food safety .
At present, the data collection equipment worn by animals mainly includes smart electronic ear tags, smart collars, etc., but most of them have problems such as large size, high cost, large power consumption, easy to lose, etc. It is difficult to ensure the full record of the life cycle of animals, which cannot meet the needs of animal husbandry. Industry low cost requirements.
The NB-IoT / eMTC-based animal traceability solution integrates the chip / module into the ear tag, reduces the size of the ear tag, reduces power consumption and costs, and improves the availability of the trace system. Animals wear ear tags, and collect and enter animal information through collection equipment. Farm managers can obtain basic information, flow information and implementation transaction information of animals. Consumers can obtain information on animal growth, processing, transportation, distribution, and sales.
Application scenarios based on NB-IoT / eMTC technology:
1. Daily animal information management:
Including maintenance of individual information, maintenance of reproduction information, maintenance of disease information, maintenance of measurement information, maintenance of transfer information, maintenance of departure information, etc. Through the card, query the basic information of livestock, pedigree information, growth measurement information, calving information, etc .;
2. Traceability of animal product growth:
Use wireless for data transmission, connect ear tags wearing, origin quarantine, slaughter and quarantine, logistics supervision, warehousing, retail and other links in series, record and track the business data of animals and animal products throughout the process, to achieve from ear tag production, distribution, Animal breeding, circulation, slaughter, and sales are monitored and managed throughout the entire process.
Provide 7 * 24 hours to monitor the quantity of livestock (pigs, cattle, sheep, etc.) and the location of their pens, so that managers can keep abreast of livestock assets and changes. Using advanced Internet of Things technology , the construction is extremely flexible and convenient, which can greatly improve the user's aquaculture management level, save staff, improve efficiency, and achieve more refined smart farming.
Main functions based on NB-IoT / eMTC technology:
1. Livestock asset management:
Through the data sent by the ear tag of each animal, the system can obtain the information of the livestock in the entire farm, so that managers can accurately grasp the changes of all livestock assets anytime, anywhere, eliminating the trouble and error of manual statistics.
2. Traceability of livestock identity:
The smart ear tag can optionally have a built-in passive coil to store the ID number of the livestock. This ID is the unique identification number assigned to each animal by the farm. It can record all information of the animal from birth or purchase, including breed, Place of origin, health status, treatment status, etc. are all recorded in the IoT cloud platform database. Farm personnel can view detailed file information of livestock at any time through management software. This set of livestock traceability mechanism not only guarantees the safety of meat products, but also provides an analytical basis for optimizing subsequent breeding.
In addition, Huawei has introduced unexpected IoT solutions by introducing IoT solutions to cows. Huawei and a dairy farm in Yinchuan cooperated to launch the “Cow Network”. A sensor is attached to the neck of each cow to measure the temperature and pulse of the cow, so as to control the health and milk production of the cow in time. By monitoring the body temperature and pulse of the cow, the estrus period of the cow is controlled, and breeding is performed in time to reduce losses. Because if you miss this period, cows eat less milk during estrus, and a small cow can bring in an additional income of 2,500 yuan.
Development prospects based on NB-IoT / eMTC technology-to help the rapid development of animal husbandry IoT:
Food safety is the focus of today's society, and people are investing more and more in health. Establish an animal traceability management monitoring platform, solve the bottlenecks encountered in the operation and promotion of animal traceability, reduce the cost of livestock breeding, increase the income of herders, and provide an important guarantee for people's food safety.
An animal traceability solution based on NB-IoT / eMTC, integrating upstream and downstream links in the industrial chain, can significantly reduce deployment costs and help the rapid development of the Internet of Animal Husbandry. At present, the industry chain mainly includes basic operators, hardware manufacturers such as earrings, and third-party application providers.
November 9, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd