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At present, in order to further advance the "Belt and Road" construction, agricultural cooperation needs to go deeper. If agricultural cooperation is to go deep, we must first straighten out these three relationships:
I. The relationship between the current promotion of agricultural supply-side structural reform and the further opening of agricultural product markets.
At present, the main contradictions in China's agriculture have changed from insufficient aggregates to structural contradictions. Solving the prominent contradictions and problems of the current agricultural product supply-demand structure imbalances, high inventory and poor sales, and inverted domestic and foreign agricultural product prices are the structural reforms that China promotes on the agricultural supply side. The daunting task. This requires in-depth promotion of domestic institutional innovations and breakthroughs in policy reforms, as well as the cooperation and support of a fair, reasonable, and inclusive external environment. Obviously, effective management of the timing and pace of imports of agricultural products, such as corn and its substitutes, is crucial to reduce agricultural inventory, adjust the structure, and promote supply-side structural reforms. Therefore, grasping the rhythm and level of the further opening of the agricultural product market to the outside world is a "current" critical issue concerning China's agricultural reform and development. This relationship is not clear and not properly grasped, and it is difficult to fundamentally promote the deep development of international agricultural cooperation under the “Belt and Road” framework.
2. The relationship between the implementation of national food security strategies and the overall utilization of international and domestic resources and markets.
The national food security strategy of "mainly based on me, based on the country, ensuring production capacity, moderate imports, and supported by science and technology" requires the concentration of domestic resources to ensure that the grain is basically self-sufficient and the rations are absolutely safe; while paying attention to the quantity of grain, it also pays more attention to quality And quality safety; while ensuring the current supply, more attention is paid to sustainable agricultural development , which is the basic strategy for China's agricultural development . How to achieve “moderate imports based on domestic”? The "Belt and Road" construction will promote the formation of "inclusive globalization", establish a new international economic order based on inclusive sharing, and create an upgraded version of "globalization". So, how to deal with the "long-term" relationship between the implementation of the national food security strategy and the overall utilization of two international and domestic resources and two markets in building an agricultural trade and investment system under the "Belt and Road" framework? Without a clear understanding and judgment on this, it will be impossible to guide and shape the new international agricultural governance mechanism and the new international trade and investment rules system in the context of the upgraded "globalization".
3. The relationship between the lack of basic competitiveness in agriculture and participation in global agricultural competition.
The basic national conditions of our country with more people and less land, coupled with the current high cost stage of agriculture, determines that agricultural products do not have low cost advantages and lack the basic competitiveness to participate in international competition. So, how does an agriculture without basic competitiveness participate in global agricultural competition? This is an unavoidable problem in the field of agricultural international cooperation in the promotion of the "Belt and Road" initiative. For a long time to come, the lack of basic competitiveness in China's agriculture will be an unavoidable normality. This means that the differentiation strategy seems to be the basic orientation for shaping China's agricultural competitiveness in the future. The differentiated competition in agriculture, in addition to the competition of product safety, health, fastness, convenience, and effective supply, does not appear to be direct competition in the global market, and more reflects domestic cultural experiences such as agriculture, leisure tourism, etc. New consumption and new demand. In particular, in the key stages of China's industrialization and urbanization in the future, the ecological environment security and rural social stability guarantee functions carried by agriculture will approach to a certain extent, and even gradually exceed its long-term product supply function.
Implementing a differentiated competition strategy and tapping agricultural multifunctional supply and diversified demand are also successful experiences in the agricultural, economic, and socially coordinated development of countries such as the Netherlands, Israel, and Japan that lack agricultural resources. This requires that when planning and designing agricultural development strategies under the “Belt and Road” framework, China's agriculture and the countries along the route should be promoted to achieve complementary resources, capacity cooperation, mutually beneficial markets, and win-win development, and to participate in and share the fruits of agricultural globalization.
October 30, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd