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With the increase of China's smart devices and the rapid development of mobile Internet, the application environment of the Internet of Things has become more and more mature. The Internet of Things technology based on "perception" has developed rapidly, and its industrialization has gradually penetrated into all walks of life. Take the intelligent farming of the Internet of Things as an example: all aspects of breeding, environment, breeding, epidemic disease, and quality traceability have occurred. Revolutionary changes, traditional breeding technology and management experience will be replaced by a precise breeding management system and information-based business model.
In the breeding process, relying on strong software and hardware support, to build a breeding Internet of Things and big data information management system, through electronic ear tag receivers, environmental monitoring sensors , cameras and other equipment, to achieve remote real-time monitoring of the breeding environment, using this new The technology realizes intelligent production management of animal husbandry, improves labor productivity, reduces labor costs, and brings more benefits to the development of animal husbandry .
Take pig farming as an example: As we all know, pig farming is hard and tiring. Feeding, manure removal, disease prevention and epidemic prevention are all sloppy. Ordinary farmers raise pigs by traditional methods. Combined with the scale of the farm, 1,000-2000 pigs are slaughtered a year, and they are too busy to pay for labor costs. However, using the Internet of Things to implement intelligent breeding, combined with the scale of breeding, it is easy for an employee to raise 10,000 pigs per year. Through the introduction of a full set of automated equipment and technology, the application of core technologies such as intelligent sensor network, RFID identification, wireless communication and animal physiological parameter monitoring, including intelligent sow herd feeding system, sow estrus automatic monitoring and identification system, and automatic breeding pig determination System and fully automatic environmental control system to automate production and management.
Breeding sows is much more difficult than commercial pigs. Take smart farms as an example: the farm has introduced a full set of intelligent breeding systems and equipment, of which the sow large herd intelligent feeding system is one of the most technologically advanced technologies. : When the sows line up from the fence channel to the feeding station to eat, the induction system will automatically scan the ear tag of each pig, read the information, and prepare different formulas and weight feeds according to the different conditions of each pig. Automatic feeding, only 50 grams each time, after eating and then to prevent waste, when one pig left after eating, then feed the next pig. If a pig leaves before eating a set amount, the induction system finds this abnormal situation, it will open a special channel for the pig to pass and mark it, and the staff will judge the mark according to the prompt If you are sick, expectant to give birth, or other conditions, treat them in a timely manner.
There is a place near the boar pen near the sow pen. The sow entering estrus will go sniffing and wandering. The above sensor will automatically record the number of times the sow has arrived at this position and the length of stay. Whether the pig is in estrus, and send its ear tag to the breeder's mobile APP to arrange breeding with the boar accordingly. In the past, whether sows were in estrus can only be observed and judged by experienced breeders, which is prone to errors. Once you miss the estrous period of the sow, you have to wait 20 days to enter the next estrus period. Eating 20 days of feed in vain will not only increase the feed cost of 400 yuan, but also reduce the frequency of sow littering. One of the key indicators. The average sow born by an ordinary farmer has an annual parity of 2-2.1 parities, and with this intelligent system, the average annual sow parity is 2.3 parities.
The piglets born by the sow will be measured, recorded and analyzed by the automatic breeding pig measurement system for daily feed and weight gain data, from which good and fast growing pigs will be selected for use as breeding pigs, and the rest will be used as ordinary piglets. Or commercial hogs.
The automatic environmental control system and automatic manure removal system have functions such as automatic adjustment and control of temperature, humidity, automatic deodorization, and automatic removal of feces, which reflects the company's adherence to the concept of animal welfare, so that pigs are always in a clean and comfortable environment, less sick and grow fast.
The biggest benefit of intelligent pig farming is to save a lot of labor and reduce labor costs. The management of the farm stated that on the original farm, an average of 16 front-line employees were needed for each 10,000 commercial pigs, and now only 1 person is required. At the breeding base, there are 4,000 sows in stock, and a total of 90,000 breeding pigs, seedlings, and commercial hogs are produced annually. This alone can save millions of yuan in labor costs. In addition, the use of intelligent systems can reduce the cost of production materials by more than 800,000 yuan each year. At the same time, intelligent sow herds can reduce the incidence of disease, increase sow litter rate and live pig survival rate, and can increase economic benefits by 500 More than ten thousand yuan.
October 25, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd