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The concept of " modern urban agriculture " was first proposed by Japanese agriculturists in 1930. By 1977, American agricultural economists explicitly proposed the concept of urban agriculture in " Agricultural Model of Japan". Since then, "modern urban agriculture" has gradually It has been deeply rooted in the minds of the Ministry of Agriculture personnel of various countries and accepted by a wide range of agricultural researchers.
Modern urban agriculture mainly refers to eco- agricultural industrial parks designed and constructed in urban suburbs, surrounding cities and urban central areas. Urban agriculture has realized integration from agricultural plantation (breeding) production to agricultural product processing to sales and transportation. It is a complete agricultural economic process.
The salient features of modern urban agriculture: In urbanized areas or urban fringe areas, the use of natural pastoral landscapes, natural ecological landscapes, and natural environment resources, combined with agricultural, forestry, fishery, animal husbandry production and management activities, and rural cultural activities, provides agricultural leisure tourism for people in need ( Picking, fishing, farm stay, etc.), experience agriculture, understand the countryside and other places. Modern urban agriculture is a modern industry that combines the "three lives" functions of agricultural production, ecology, and life. It is different from traditional rural agriculture in that it is an important part of driving the urban economy and improving the urban ecosystem .
The basic attributes of modern urban agriculture are versatility and urban-rural integration. First of all, urban agriculture can not only promote the development of urban economy, but also can promote social services, ecological barriers and other functions. The reason for the development of modern urban agriculture is to provide the citizens with fresh, safe, and healthy agricultural and sideline products; the second is to enable the citizens to have a pleasant leisure place and visit the Holy Land in addition to the busy work; the third is to give The urban area creates a green ecological environment where people live. Secondly, modern urban agriculture promotes the integration of urban and rural areas. Cities need agriculture. Agriculture depends on cities, and urban-rural interaction and coordinated development. Urban agriculture relies heavily on and serves the city, and is directly affected by the economic strength of the city. It is an agriculture without urban-rural borders and an advanced form of urban-rural integrated agriculture.
August 27, 2015
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd