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I. Background Analysis
5 组，投资 3000 万元新建立的一家集种植、生产、储备、运输于一体的大型现代化高科技企业，公司占地 50 余亩，年生产能力达到 10 万吨，能全面满足不同客户需要。 Qineng Rice Industry Co., Ltd. is located in Group 5 , Sanjiang Village , Sanjiang Town, Jingyan County , and invested 30 million yuan to build a large-scale modern high-tech enterprise integrating planting, production, storage and transportation. The company covers an area of more than 50 acres. The production capacity reaches 100,000 tons, which can fully meet the needs of different customers. Leshan City Chineng Rice Industry Co., Ltd. adheres to market-oriented, takes healthy, nutritional and safe products as the starting point, takes high-quality product quality as the guideline, and realizes the enterprise's scientific, humane, standardized, and system based on the branded rice standards And modernization, so that the processing quality, product quality and service quality have been comprehensively improved. 8000 余亩，从原料采购到成品的出厂，公司制定了严格的控制程序和科学的管理方法，从而有效保证了健康大米的全面生产。 The company spared no expense in constructing more than 8,000 acres of the first batch of rice production bases . From the procurement of raw materials to the delivery of finished products, the company formulated strict control procedures and scientific management methods, thereby effectively ensuring the comprehensive production of healthy rice.
165 亩试点项目，依托当地环境条件种植有机水稻、打造智慧农业追溯系统、使得奇能米业品牌化，让消费者实时看到水稻和虾蟹一体化的生长过程及生长环境，体现出奇能米业基地的生态环境、让消费者吃上放心的机大米使得奇能米业的有机大米在市场上公信度更高、市场溢价就更高，这样对于致力于做有机大米的奇能米业，才有真正的持续的发展空间。 The project is located in Sanjiang Town and Mochi Town, Jingyan County, Leshan City. The project covers an area of 165 acres. It is a pilot project to grow organic rice based on local environmental conditions, build a smart agricultural traceability system, and make the Qineng rice industry brand. To enable consumers to see the integrated growth process and environment of rice, shrimp and crab in real time, reflecting the ecological environment of the Qineng rice industry base, allowing consumers to eat assured machine rice, making Qineng rice organic rice in the market The higher the credibility of Shanghai, the higher the market premium, so that for the Chineng rice industry, which is committed to making organic rice, there is real room for continued development.
农业物联网 、农产品生产经营管理、 农产品质量安全溯源建设，实现园区的生产标准化、质量标准化、包装标准化、安全追溯化、责任监管化；最终打造智慧农业园区，树立有机机水稻种植的品牌，提供有机水稻种植示范点。 Integrate technologies such as the Internet of Things and mobile internet, and carry out agricultural Internet of Things , agricultural product production and management, and traceability of agricultural product quality and safety at the organic rice production bases in Qineng Rice Industry in Sanjiang Town and Mochi Town to realize the production standardization, quality standardization and packaging Standardization, safety traceability, and responsibility supervision; finally, build a smart agricultural park, establish a brand of organic machine rice cultivation, and provide demonstration sites for organic rice cultivation.
The planned construction tasks are divided into two aspects: infrastructure and brand building, mainly as follows:
1. Infrastructure construction work.
(1) Construct a central computer room to realize data storage and application.
(2) Construct a display center to achieve the display of characteristic agricultural products and the display of various applications of the enterprise.
(3) Develop an agricultural IoT system to collect environmental production data such as temperature, wind, wind direction, light intensity, and paddy field soil conditions.
(4) Construction of a monitoring system, combined with the exhibition center, to realize the real-time recording and tracking of the production process of agricultural products, so that customers can feel the safety of the products in the park and the ecological charm.
2.Construction of agricultural information supervision platform
(1) Establish a production and operation management system to collect and record operating information such as seeding, fertilization, and pesticide application.
(2) Establish a quality and safety traceability system for agricultural products to realize two-dimensional traceability of production, packaging, and sales information. The system reserved interfaces to interface with the source tracing software of the Sichuan Agricultural Department.
(3) Establish and improve the detection mechanism to achieve rapid filing and registration of detection information.
(4) Develop an application support system to provide consumers with an entry point for retrospective inquiry, and use WeChat public account to realize the promotion and promotion of enterprises and brands.
易用性原则 1.Usability principle
Ease of use refers to the ease of use of the system. Due to the large number of users of the system: the user's level of industry knowledge, the degree of understanding of agricultural standardization systems, and the degree of awareness of concepts are very different, especially the level of informatization application of most of the users in the enterprise. It is required that the system interface should be as simple and easy to understand as possible so that system users can accept, understand, know and apply the system in a short period of time.
可靠性原则 2. Reliability Principle
Reliability refers to the design and manufacturing of selected Internet of Things equipment and network equipment in the system to meet the long-term trouble-free operation ability in various environments, mainly relying on the manufacturing process of the product and component itself, the redundant design of the module, and the distributed processing of the system , Independent operation of software modules, uninterrupted system code upgrades, redundancy of chassis and other public components, etc.
经济实用性原则 3. Principles of economic practicality
稳定性原则 4. Stability principle
System stability refers to the ability of the system to maintain normal operation. Because once the system is established, it will be embedded in all production and trading operations of the pilot enterprises. Once the system is unstable, it will affect the normal business activities of the enterprise. Therefore, the software system and various hardware devices must be safe, stable, and reliable. The system should adopt a fault-tolerant design, so that local problems in the system will not affect the use of the entire system.
安全性原则 5.Security principles
The development of the globalized Internet provides an open public information platform, but it also brings many problems, such as the leakage of information, the spread of network viruses, and attacks by network hackers. This is against the original intention of users to access the Internet. Therefore, corresponding technical and management measures must be adopted to ensure network and information security. For this project, security is not a flat concept and covers a wide range, covering multiple aspects such as physical device security, link security, network security, application system security, and security management. Only by implementing a strict management system at all links and at various levels, and cooperating with scientific safety tools, can we truly provide a relatively safe operating environment.
扩展性原则 6, the principle of scalability
Portability and cross-platform, fully consider the needs of future system upgrades and expansions; the increase in data volume and the expansion of service functions require the upgrade or increase of hardware and system software. In order to ensure the user's original system platform during the system upgrade process The smooth transition in China requires that the system's software and hardware scalability be considered in the initial design of the system.
建设内容 Five, construction content
The construction content of this project includes basic support construction such as infrastructure (data center), display center, and IoT production monitoring system; construction of standardized production systems such as operation information management, detection information management, and packaging code management; traceability code query system, agricultural information Platform WeChat public account, background management and other supporting system construction.
1. Basic support
The basic support direction includes infrastructure construction, exhibition center construction and Internet of Things production monitoring system.
基础设施建设 1.1 Infrastructure construction
In order to realize the construction goal of the organic ecological rice traceability system of Qineng Rice Industry, basic equipment needs to be made on the infrastructure, including the construction of computer rooms, the laying of network pipelines, the procurement and installation of information equipment such as servers and storage. The construction of infrastructure should consider the power, network, external services, and security requirements for the installation and deployment of IoT equipment and large-screen display equipment.
1.2 Construction of Exhibition Center
The exhibition center is the core area for informatization monitoring and display. Through the informatization platform, the enterprise's production is fully monitored here, and the production environment is monitored through the Internet of Things data. Set up special agricultural product display and sales areas to let consumers know about the special agricultural products in the park. At the same time, large-screen display equipment can also be used to provide venues for corporate publicity and breeding staff training.
物联网生产监控 1.3 IoT production monitoring
The system contains data on the Internet of Things related to agricultural production , such as high temperature and humidity , solar light, wind and wind direction, and video signal acquisition. The Internet of Things data of agricultural breeding and breeding enterprises is collected and transmitted wirelessly without human intervention. The collected data of the Internet of Things can be viewed in real time on the PC system, or through the APP on the mobile phone or the Web, which is well adapted to the needs of agricultural production. Through the secondary development of the software, the data collected by the sensor and the video data are fused in the monitoring system platform, and displayed on the LED screen at the entrance of the factory area and the video screen of the central computer room splicing screen. The specific functions are described as follows:
大气温湿度：通过传感器获取生产地块大气温度和大气湿度数据。 Ø Atmospheric temperature and humidity: Obtain the atmospheric temperature and atmospheric humidity data of the production block through sensors.
太阳光照强度：通过传感器获取生产地块太阳光照强度数据。 Ø Solar Light Intensity: Obtain the solar light intensity data of the production land through sensors.
风力风向：通过传感器获取风力风向数据。 Ø Wind and wind direction: Obtain wind and wind direction data through sensors.
土壤水份温度；通过传感器获取土壤水份温度数据。 Ø Soil moisture temperature; obtain soil moisture temperature data through sensors.
土壤PH：通过传感器获取土壤的PH数据。 Ø Soil pH: The pH data of the soil is obtained by the sensor.
土壤EC:通过传感器获取土壤肥力的数据。 Ø Soil EC: Obtain soil fertility data through sensors.
视频信号采集：通过红外网络智能摄像机获取生产单元视频信号，并传递到存储器和播放终端。 Ø Video signal acquisition: Obtain the video signal of the production unit through the infrared network smart camera and pass it to the memory and playback terminal.
IoT installation deployment and information display diagram:
端物联网信息展现： IoT information on PC :
IoT information on the mobile terminal:
Sensor and monitoring equipment installation application show:
2. Agricultural product production traceability management system
The agricultural product production traceability management is mainly used to help enterprises in production management, input management and sales management. In terms of production traceability management, information management personnel based on the recommendations of agricultural production experts and the actual conditions of the local soil and climate, formulate effective plans that conform to local product species and breeding, and formulate production plans based on the plans, which forms the standardization of production; In terms of management, the information management staff manages and maintains the purchasing and receiving of daily input products. In terms of sales management, the information management staff can process customer orders to generate sales records or directly sell in batches. The system includes a job information management system, detection information registration management, and a packaging code system.
作业信息管理 2.1, job information management
The operation information management system is the core of the first phase of construction and is mainly used to help production management personnel manage the production plan configuration, production plan formulation and supervision. According to the recommendations of agricultural production experts and the actual conditions of local soil and climate, managers have formulated effective plans that are compatible with the breeding and breeding of local products, and are used to formulate production plans, which has formed the standardization of production. Information management personnel record production operations information. This system includes basic information management, breeding stage management, sorting and packaging management, site management, order management, input management, and data maintenance. The specific functions are described below:
基础信息管理：本模块包含了企业基本信息、基地环境信息、认证情况、区域信息、地块信息、人员信息、投入品信息、品种信息、产品信息、供应商信息和客户信息的维护功能。 Ø Basic information management: This module contains the maintenance functions of enterprise basic information, base environment information, certification status, area information, plot information, personnel information, input information, variety information, product information, supplier information, and customer information.
种植阶段管理：本模块包含了种养殖方案制定和生产档案管理功能，信息管理员基于基础信息管理模块生成数据，在此模块维护作物生长、畜禽养殖相关数据。 Ø Planting stage management: This module contains the functions of formulating breeding schemes and managing production files. The information manager generates data based on the basic information management module. In this module, data related to crop growth and livestock breeding are maintained. It involves the process of formulating standardized breeding and breeding schemes, which requires the support and guidance of agricultural experts, needs to be adapted to local conditions by farm managers, and requires continuous improvement during use to form applicable, usable, and easy-to-use production standards and implement them.
分拣包装管理：分拣包装环节衔接了种植阶段，是收获农产品和形成产品的过程，分拣功能包含农产品采收、称重、赋批次码和打印批次标签；包装环节可将分拣形成的散装农产品形成预包装或大礼包产品，并给其赋追溯码，最终打印追溯码标签，粘贴于产品外包装上。 Ø Sorting and packaging management: The sorting and packaging link is connected to the planting stage. It is a process of harvesting agricultural products and forming products. The sorting function includes agricultural product collection, weighing, batch code assignment, and batch label printing. The bulk agricultural products formed by picking are formed into pre-packaged or gift packages, and are given a traceability code. Finally, a traceability code label is printed and attached to the product outer packaging.
库存管理：根据采收批次开展入库管理、出库管理、库存损耗管理、库存统计管理。 ØInventory management: carry out warehouse management, warehouse management, inventory loss management, and inventory statistics management based on the collection batch.
出场管理：经包装形成的产品可以根据订单或者批次出货，为产品绑定销售去向。 ØExit management: The packaged products can be shipped according to orders or batches, and the product is bound for sales.
订单管理：销售企业或者客户可以通过系统下采购订单，生产企业可根据订单情况向采购单位发货。 Ø Order management: Sales enterprises or customers can place purchase orders through the system, and production enterprises can ship to purchasing units according to the order situation.
投入品管理：包含投入品的采购和领用两个功能。 Ø Input management: It includes two functions of purchasing and receiving input. Purchased inputs need to be recorded, including information on the source company and batch number; agricultural workers need to receive inputs for agricultural operations, and the input warehouse manager can assign the corresponding varieties and quantities to the person in charge of the plot according to the production archives Inputs.
数据维护：为企业信息员提供密码修改和操作规范维护等功能。 Ø Data maintenance: Provide password modification and operation specification maintenance functions for enterprise information workers.
2.2, Detection information management
Inspection information registration management is a key part of agricultural product safety traceability, and an important starting point for government supervision. Relying on the agricultural product safety inspection and quarantine system to register agricultural product inspection and quarantine information, all agricultural products must pass the inspection and quarantine before they can be sold, providing protection for the quality and safety of agricultural products.
3. Application Support System
追溯码查询 3.1 Tracking code query
In order to make it easier for consumers to search for traceability information, multiple channels are used to query the traceability code, including online query, self-service terminal query, mobile terminal (android / ios) query, and WeChat public account query.
网上查询 ：在网页版的追溯查询系统中输入追溯码查询相关追溯信息。 ØOnline query : Enter the tracking code in the web version of the tracking query system to query related tracking information.
自助终端查询 ：在自助终端中输入或扫描追溯码查询相关追溯信息。 Ø Self-service terminal query : Enter or scan the tracking code in the self-service terminal to query related traceability information.
手机终端 (android /ios) 查询 ：在手机终端中输入或扫描追溯码查询相关追溯信息。 Ø Mobile terminal (android / ios) query : Enter or scan the trace code in the mobile terminal to query related trace information.
微信公众号查询 : 通过微信输入追溯码查询相关追溯信息。 Ø WeChat public account query : Enter the trace code through WeChat to query related trace information.