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The recent scandal of moldy and blackened McDonald's ice cream has once again pushed food safety issues to the forefront of public opinion. People take food as the sky. How to realize the traceability of food sources has become the key to consumers' peace of mind. This demand has also made the agricultural Internet of Things a hot industry. By the end of 2016 , there were over 6,000 agricultural e-commerce platforms and food traceability platforms across the country. The "2016 Agricultural Internet of Things Survey and Development Prospect Analysis Report" states that the agricultural Internet of Things market has huge potential. In 2013, the size of China's Internet of Things industry market reached 500 billion yuan, and it is expected that it will reach 1 trillion yuan by the end of this year.
In what ways can the agricultural Internet of Things guarantee food safety?
1. Tracing the source and tracing the source to achieve zero distance from the dining table and field:
Along with the high level of attention to food safety issues, agricultural Internet of Things companies are developing at a rapid pace. How exactly does the agricultural Internet of Things trace back to its origins and successfully become a food security guard, so that consumers can eat comfortably and steadily? The major "capacity" of this technology system may explain one or two: In the traditional agricultural planting industry, at different growth stages of the crop, farmers need to rely on experience to obscure issues such as water supply, topdressing, and pesticide application. Networking is the integration of technologies such as sensors , wireless communication, automatic control and auxiliary decision support, real-time monitoring of agricultural production environment, crop growth and development status, establishment of an expert system for crop growth process, real-time regulation of the growth environment, and the rational use of agricultural resources, reducing Cost, increase the output and quality of agricultural products. At the same time, it can record the information, data of planting, processing, warehousing, logistics of agricultural products throughout the whole process. Consumers only need to pass the product QR code to go directly to the "field", and fully understand the "benefit background" of food.
In the three major links of the agricultural Internet of Things-the intelligent system of agricultural experts , the control system of the agricultural production IoT, and the traceability system of agricultural product safety, most companies focus on the traceability of agricultural product safety. Using two-dimensional code and RFID radio frequency technology, collect and upload data on all links of agricultural products from growth to sales, and provide consumers with traceability and query services of agricultural product quality and safety . Equipped with a team of experienced agricultural experts to guide the construction of the platform, starting from the source, formulating an index system higher than the national standard of food quality and safety, adding on-site control of agricultural IoT, quality and safety testing, etc., to achieve a closed-loop traceability system, and strictly control food safety Certification requires that the output must meet the food quality and safety standards formulated by the platform. This is not only setting industry benchmarks, but also providing a higher level of service guarantee for agricultural product quality and safety.
2. Cope with orderly and speed up the recovery of overall input costs:
In the United States, Japan, Israel and other countries, the agricultural Internet of Things started earlier and developed faster. As early as 2009, the European Union and Japan successively launched the Internet of Things initiative, and the technology utilization rate of American farms has also reached 80%. At the end of 2011, with the drafting and investigation of policies such as the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" for the National Agricultural and Rural Informatization Development of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the National Special Plan for Agriculture and Rural Informatization and the Model Province Construction of the Ministry of Science and Technology, China Agricultural Internet of Things started Gradually embark on the fast track of development.
With the favorable policies and promising prospects, in the process of rapid development of the agricultural Internet of Things with high technological content and high degree of marketization, issues such as lack of professional talents, insufficient funds, and slow cost recovery are gradually exposed. Many seemingly simple operations still require professionals to complete. However, the cultural quality of farmers in China is not high enough. We need to increase farmers' training in science and technology, improve their cultural literacy, and cultivate knowledge-based talents who know technology, computers, markets, and management. At the same time, a large amount of capital investment is still required to ensure the normal operation of the technical system.
In order to enrich sales types and expand revenue channels, Customer-To-Factory, which is a similar order from customers to factories, is gradually being favored by many agricultural IoT companies. C2F order agriculture allows consumer terminals to directly connect to production bases, guided by big data of user consumption habits collected in the early stage of the system, which can not only meet the individual needs of consumers for products, but also achieve profitability and increase revenue for enterprises.
Challenge associated opportunities. Facing the problems existing in the development process of the agricultural Internet of Things , thinking from the perspectives of science and technology, farmers, and enterprises, and putting forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions, will definitely further promote the greater development of China's agricultural Internet of Things and agricultural product quality and safety assurance industry. .
August 4, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd