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What is an agricultural expert system ?
In agricultural production , pests and diseases have always been an important issue facing agricultural production. The occurrence of pests and diseases has caused problems such as the decline in agricultural product quality, food safety , and environmental degradation. The timely and effective control of pests and diseases is an important factor to ensure the normal growth and development of crops and obtain high yields. The prerequisites for increasing farmers' income, based on the agricultural Internet of Things technology , combined with the actual situation of agricultural production and processing bases, develop a real-time two-way expert remote monitoring, consulting, and diagnosis system to achieve real-time online counseling and answering questions, technical consultation, and diagnosis of diseases and insect pests, and improve service efficiency. Save training costs and improve the service ability of science and technology transformation.
The agricultural expert system can solve various problems of agricultural producers just like agricultural experts, and provide various suggestions and guidance to agricultural producers at any time, so that agricultural producers can carry out more efficient agricultural production. At the same time, the agricultural expert system can perform routine daily tasks and reduce the time to solve problems in the field of agricultural production. This can free the experts in the agricultural field from the heavy work in order to conduct research on more important issues.
For the remote diagnosis and consultation of common pests and diseases of various agricultural products, it mainly provides multimedia information query of pests and diseases, diagnosis of expert diagnosis system of pests and diseases, online real-time diagnosis and consultation of plant protection experts, and non-real-time consultation. Through the integration of expert system technology, multimedia technology, The network technology is organically integrated to solve the remote diagnosis and consultation of diseases and insect pests. It combines the expert system diagnosis and farmers' seeking organically. It supports the operation on the Internet and supports the application of mobile phone short messages.
Agricultural expert system functions:
1. Real-time remote technical consultation: Provide real-time technical answering and technical consultation for farmers. Experts and farmers can communicate face-to-face through the Internet.
2. Remote diagnosis of diseases and insect pests: Provide functions such as picture sharing and file sharing. Farmers can send physical drawings of field disease and insect pest samples to experts through the system, and the experts will diagnose according to the actual disease.
3. Remote monitoring of epidemic diseases: Remote cameras can be installed on the first line of production such as crop planting bases and greenhouses . Experts can check the situation at any time through remote access and provide technical guidance in a timely and convenient manner.
4. Remote work meetings: Provide high-quality audio and video effects through remote sites, which can be used for large-scale remote diagnosis work meetings and information release.
Agricultural expert system development platform:
The agricultural expert system development platform is a tool used to achieve rapid development of agricultural expert systems. Based on this, secondary development can greatly reduce the workload and technical difficulty of agricultural expert system development. The expert system development platform helps researchers to acquire knowledge, express knowledge, and use knowledge; helps system designers to design the expert system structure; provides an internal software environment to improve the communication capabilities within the system.
The agricultural expert system platform integrates decentralized and local single agricultural technologies, and through intelligent information processing, it provides systematic and flexible solutions to various agricultural problems for different environmental conditions such as soil and climate.
The agricultural expert system is more prominent than the general computer information system in the role of specialized agricultural knowledge and inference and judgment. It has a more targeted decision-making consulting ability. It has comprehensive knowledge and high-speed knowledge processing skills than agricultural experts, and is not subject to time and space. Limitations and human emotions. The agricultural expert system gathers high-level agricultural knowledge, overcomes the obstacles of inconvenient transportation information in rural areas, guides agricultural production on the spot, and eases the contradiction of insufficient agricultural technicians and uneven levels. The agricultural expert system gathers local agricultural knowledge, solidifies the valuable experience of agricultural experts and farming experts, and forms a local agricultural production technology database set and an agricultural environment database set. The agricultural expert system has strong timeliness in agricultural production. It can deal with problems encountered by farmers at any time, which greatly reduces the time lag in solving problems.
June 1, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd