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Whether it's cold or hot, or wind and rain, in the office or home, you can grasp the data such as temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, and light in the vegetable greenhouse with a single mouse click or a smartphone. You can also automatically water the vegetables Ventilate the greenhouse ... In the age of the agricultural Internet of Things , all these dreams have come true.
In the high-tech intelligent greenhouse of the Huaian Vegetable Science Research Institute, I saw rows of green watermelon seedlings neatly arranged on the seedbed. "Using the Internet of Things to manage greenhouses is just beginning for us. In the future, as long as I bring my mobile phone with me, if I can't come back in time on a business trip, I can use my mobile phone to understand the situation of the greenhouse. It's rainy, and a button can protect you When the curtain is lowered, you can also let it automatically spray water on the seedlings, adjust the fan to cool down and turn on the lights at night. Later, the reporter carefully looked at the greenhouse in front of him, and found that it was indeed different from other greenhouses. There were more "heads" in the greenhouse: cameras, "small black boxes", electrical wires, etc. According to reports, these devices constitute a set of sensing systems, which can understand the needs of plants, and can sense plant temperature and humidity , light, chemistry and other information. Real-time monitoring of field conditions such as indoor temperature, humidity, and worker work in the greenhouse, and field operations such as automatic watering and temperature adjustment.
He Guangjin said that for a long time, vegetable cultivation has relied on the accumulated experience of farmers . But experience is not solid. For example, the cultivation of watermelons is very particular about the scientific control of temperature and watering. After using the Internet of Things technology , it can more accurately grasp the needs of vegetables, and monitor the entire process of vegetable growth and data management. There is no need to use manual inspections. Thereby achieving more efficient vegetable cultivation.
Zha Xuedong, the director of the Agricultural Information Center of the Municipal Agricultural Committee, told reporters that our city has built a city-level modern agricultural Internet of Things remote video monitoring platform, five industry application monitoring systems, and 60 remote video monitoring points, with a monitoring area of more than 6 million. Square meters, covering five major categories of facility horticulture, aquaculture fisheries, livestock and poultry breeding, pig farming, organic rice in the field, and ecological application of fruit trees and flowers. The city-level monitoring and command center is located in the city's modern agricultural high-tech demonstration park. Through the monitoring center, you can learn about the operating conditions of temperature, light, humidity, and weather at all monitoring points in real time. Realize online communication, timely release early warning information of production guidance, guide agricultural production at the base, and the base can receive and display normally within 5 minutes after the information is released. The monitoring data can be inquired at any time through the computer Internet or mobile phone. At the same time, a remote video monitoring platform website for modern agricultural Internet of Things in Huaian City has also been established. A total of 18 industrial parks have been included in the agricultural Internet of Things construction base.
So how about the economic benefits of the application of the agricultural Internet of Things ? "Because of the establishment of an intelligent and automated management system, the quality and benefits of vegetable, seedlings, pig production, aquaculture and fisheries in the base have been improved simultaneously. The implementation of management automation has reduced production management costs "Zha Xuedong said that in the field of facility horticulture, the agricultural Internet of Things can accurately and accurately grasp the time of crop medicine and fertilizer use, effectively reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers, greatly increase the utilization rate of pesticides and fertilizers, and reduce the pressure on the environment. At the same time, it can reduce labor and save production costs. It is estimated that vegetables can generally increase income by more than 1,500 yuan per acre of greenhouses. In facility breeding, it can effectively reduce labor, save water and electricity costs, increase healthy breeding, reduce mortality, increase annual slaughter, reduce emergency response, and increase economic benefits. It is estimated that it can effectively save costs and increase production, of which Reduce labor use by 35%, reduce hydropower costs by 30%, increase vegetable and horticultural yield by 10%, reduce mortality by 5.5% in healthy farming, reduce emergency response by 95%, increase annual production by 20%, increase yield by about 15% per mu, and increase efficiency per mu It can reach about 1,000 yuan, and reduces the pollution of aquaculture to the surrounding water environment, and the overall economic benefit increases by 20%.