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The general application of the agricultural Internet of Things is to form a large number of sensor nodes into a monitoring network, and collect information through various sensors to help farmers find problems in a timely manner and accurately determine the location of problems. The production mode of isolated machinery shifted to the production mode centered on information and software, thus making extensive use of various automated, intelligent, remotely controlled production equipment.
The Agricultural Internet of Things has formed a set of traceable quality throughout the world's advanced agricultural countries, with analysis of production and planting processes, which can simplify complex supply chains and reduce logistics costs.
At present, China's agricultural Internet of Things still faces several serious problems:
1. Constrained by funds.
2. The lack of special sensors for agriculture.
3, the Internet of Things equipment is not enough to connect to "ground gas".
4. Low level of equipment intelligence.
5. The concept of farmers is backward.
6. Lack of professional cold chain transportation equipment.
To deal with such problems, what aspects should we start to improve?
1. Establish agricultural information subsidy system:
Accelerate the promotion of agricultural IoT- related products and equipment into the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy catalog, in order to encourage agricultural information enterprises, telecommunications operators, scientific research institutes and other social forces to invest in agricultural IoT construction, and gradually form a diversified investment body guided by the government 2. Marketization of operation and maintenance, and jointly promote the development of the agricultural Internet of Things .
2. Enhance the independent innovation capability of the agricultural Internet of Things:
Adhere to both independent research and development and introduction of absorption to enhance the ability of independent innovation of the agricultural Internet of Things, and at the same time accelerate the pace of technological research and development and application. Focus on seeking breakthroughs in functional design, core technologies, and advancement mechanisms to reduce the gap with developed countries.
3. Speed up the construction of cold chain logistics system:
Establish an agricultural product distribution system that integrates warehousing, refrigeration, distribution, and long- and short-distance transportation functions from rural to urban as soon as possible. At the same time, a stronger and more preferential tax reduction or subsidy policy was introduced to guide and encourage enterprises to accelerate the construction of cold chain logistics systems. Establish an intelligent and efficient sorting and management system to achieve standardization of the entire process of cold chain services.
4. Help farmers and agricultural enterprises to "shock" and build a platform for farmers and consumers to interact with each other:
Help more farmers and agricultural enterprises understand and use e-commerce platforms. The government coordinated and coordinated the exhibition of advantageous agricultural products on the Internet to increase product visibility while opening up product sales, helping farmers and agricultural enterprises to be “electrically shocked”. Taking the road of brand promotion is the focus of agricultural e-commerce business development and brand management. Establish a platform for farmers and consumers to interact with each other, build an agricultural e-commerce ecosystem, and promote the interaction between traditional agriculture and market resources through the organic combination of online and offline.
5. Pay attention to standardized management and adhere to the standard to promote development:
Gradually improve e-commerce legislation. Strictly crack down on infringement and counterfeiting in the Internet field and purify the market environment. Accelerate the construction of statistical monitoring and credit system, build a platform for statistical monitoring of e-commerce, gradually establish a basic database of e-commerce credit, and promote the establishment of an information sharing and collaborative monitoring mechanism.
6. Innovate new models of agricultural products e-commerce logistics:
A series of supporting measures such as processing, packaging, and warehousing in the agricultural product logistics system will be improved. E-commerce for agricultural products will be integrated with traditional channels, which will greatly simplify the complex supply chain from the field to the dining table, and effectively reduce logistics costs.