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The agricultural Internet of Things technology plays an important role in accelerating the transition from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture in China. In the context of China's implementation of the "Four Synchronization" development strategy, it actively promotes the application and development of the Agricultural Internet of Things , which promotes agricultural informationization and agricultural modernization . Integration development is of great significance.
In recent years, the state and local governments have attached great importance to the agricultural Internet of Things . The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Agriculture have carried out a series of demonstration projects on Internet of Things applications in Heilongjiang, Beijing, Jiangsu, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia. The advancement of the agricultural Internet of Things , the application fields mainly include facility planting, facility breeding, field crops, agricultural product logistics traceability, agricultural machinery monitoring, and ecological environment monitoring. A batch of agricultural Internet of Things technology software and hardware products, application models, and The typical batch application shows the strong momentum of the development of China's agricultural Internet of Things application , which has played a positive role in promoting the development of modern agriculture.
However , it is not difficult to see that the overall implementation of the Internet of Things solution is that China's agricultural Internet of Things is still in the initial stage of application development. From the overall situation of the country, whether it is the theoretical system, technical system and model mechanism of agricultural Internet of Things application development, There are still many issues that deserve further consideration and exploration. So, at this stage, what methods does China need to promote the construction of the agricultural Internet of Things in China?
1. Intensify the innovation and research and development of core technology products of the Internet of Things:
Compared with other fields, the application of agricultural Internet of Things has higher requirements for agricultural Internet of Things technology due to the life characteristics of agricultural animals and plants and the openness and complexity of the agricultural system environment. At present, the following problems are urgently needed in technology: first, life information sensing technology products; second, high-throughput, low-cost information and communication technologies suitable for different geographical environments in rural areas; third, agricultural multi-parameter decision-making models based on big data ; fourth, support Terminal technology for closed-loop control applications; Fifth, the economics, stability, and applicability of technical products; Sixth, technical standards for agricultural Internet of Things and engineering implementation standards.
2. Further enhance and tap the role of the agricultural Internet of Things:
At present, the application of the agricultural Internet of Things is generally in the experimental demonstration stage, and large-scale applications have not yet been formed. Small and scattered applications are difficult to form an agricultural Internet of Things industry, and the overall role of the Internet of Things for agricultural development has not been fully exerted. Partially implemented agricultural Internet of Things projects , Has a strong tourism display effect, but there is no perception, no decision, there is no decision (control) in many cases, the agricultural IoT application has not formed a "sensation-transmission-data-side-control" closed loop, resulting in no investment in IoT technology Really play a very good role; heavy investment, light operation and maintenance, lack of follow-up operation and maintenance funds after the implementation of the agricultural Internet of Things project, technical support is not in place, the system cannot run stably, which seriously affects the continuous performance of the system.
3. A sustainable business model needs to be formed for the agricultural IoT sector:
At present, China's agricultural IoT industry is mainly driven by the state, and the participation of market forces needs to be strengthened. At the same time, there is a lack of mature technology application models. Due to the regional ecological conditions, the single application model cannot be fully covered, and it is necessary to adapt to local conditions and carry out IoT applications in accordance with local conditions. Challenged; China's agriculture has strong individual needs, coupled with the low level of rural economy, agricultural IoT technology products are difficult to mass produce, mass production capacity is not enough, it is difficult to form an industry.
4. Strengthen the policy support for industrial support:
In the absence of a mature market mechanism for the development of the application of the agricultural Internet of Things , government departments need to strengthen support policies for the development of the agricultural Internet of Things , and accelerate the formulation of a package of policy support systems including subsidies, investment, finance, credit, taxation, and major project construction To support the development of enterprises, stimulate consumer demand and the entry of private capital, promote the industrialization of the agricultural Internet of Things, and strive to form a "government and market" two-wheel drive development mechanism.
In the current era, the Internet of Things is becoming an important means to enhance agricultural competitiveness and promote sustainable development, and to become an effective measure to integrate various types of rural resources and transform traditional agriculture. Agricultural practitioners in China should promote innovation in ideas, ideas, technologies, and models, scientific planning, adapting to local conditions, and promoting the development of the agricultural Internet of Things in a healthy and orderly manner. The integration of the Internet of Things and agricultural and rural big data, the integration of the Internet of Things and production and living ecology. And we must accurately grasp the new trend of the development and application of the Internet of Things, and strive to achieve the leap-forward development of the agricultural Internet of Things.
March 22, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd