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In recent years, the application practice of the agricultural Internet of Things has mainly focused on the monitoring of agricultural production environmental data, soil moisture monitoring, traceability of agricultural product quality, and food storage and transportation. With the vigorous promotion of the Chinese government and the vigorous research and development of various Internet of Things companies, Networked applications have developed quite eloquently, but the implementation process has also revealed several important problems in the application of agricultural Internet of Things :
At present, China's agriculture is basically a small-scale farmer's economy that is home-grown and decentralized, and is not suitable for large-scale promotion of networked applications. Individual farmers need to purchase equipment to deploy applications such as soil nutrient testing and formula fertilization. Such single-use methods have high costs, high risks, and insignificant benefits. At present, the development of facility agriculture has improved, which is also due to the small scope and controllability of greenhouses or orchards, easy management, and the ability to find a balance between costs and benefits. However, the real application of agricultural production should be for large-scale outdoor fields instead of greenhouses, and outdoor fields lack a unified large-area planning and management. This production and management method is a fundamental problem that hinders the widespread promotion of agricultural IoT applications.
2. The higher construction cost of the IoT application infrastructure has caused most users to be unable to get involved in the agricultural IoT.
The application of the Internet of Things must first deploy sensors . Agricultural sensors are mostly chemical sensors such as soil monitoring and water quality monitoring. However, the high price of sensors is a difficult bottleneck. For example, sensors that measure soil temperature, soil pH, and carbon dioxide concentration are expensive, and later maintenance costs are high, and crop profits are generally low. Therefore, the input-output ratio of IoT application deployment is not high, making farmers ' willingness to purchase IoT devices not high. Strong. Therefore, the application of the Internet of Things is not applicable to ordinary crops at present, and can only be used for the cultivation of cost-insensitive crops, such as rare flowers, fruits, medicinal materials, etc.
3. The IoT technology products are not fully mature, and the equipment performance is lower than the application expectations.
The performance indicators such as the reliability, stability, and accuracy of the sensor cannot meet the application requirements, and the overall quality level of the product needs to be improved. Such as soil moisture monitoring sensors, carbon dioxide concentration sensors , foliar sensors and other technologies and equipment are still immature, and the equipment needs to be exposed to the natural environment of farmland for a long time, withstands the scorching sun and rain, often fails, which seriously affects its use. Some users' word of mouth shows that similar sensor equipment requires maintenance of imported products for three years, while domestic products require maintenance for three months, and the performance gap is large.
Regarding the current status of the agricultural Internet of Things, what aspects should we start from to improve the implementation of the Internet of Things in China?
1. Establish agricultural subsidy policy system:
Accelerate the promotion of agricultural IoT-related products and equipment into the catalog of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, thereby encouraging social forces such as agricultural informatization enterprises, telecommunications operators, research institutes, etc. to invest in the construction of agricultural IoT, and gradually form a government-led diversified investment body Market-oriented operation and maintenance, and jointly promote the development of the agricultural Internet of Things .
2. Enhance the independent innovation capability of the agricultural Internet of Things:
Adhere to both independent research and development and introduction and absorption, and enhance the ability of independent innovation of the agricultural Internet of Things. At the same time, we must speed up the pace of technological research and development and integration with existing information work. In some aspects, China should learn from the experience of using the agricultural Internet of Things in developed countries to reduce the gap with smart agriculture in developed countries.
3. Set up a large-scale government demonstration area:
Aiming at the current situation of decentralized agricultural production management, when promoting the application of the Internet of Agricultural Production, strive to find the implementation of a farm collective economy capable of large-scale land operation and management, and organize retail households to jointly implement the Internet of Things in administrative villages or towns. Apply engineering to achieve unified procurement and intensive deployment of equipment and solutions to enhance confidence, reduce costs, differentiate risks, and improve efficiency.
4. Optimize the function and performance of the agricultural IoT implementation plan and its products:
Aiming at the problems of immature IoT-related technology products, poor sensor product performance and high cost, it is recommended that the solution provide a close cooperative relationship between the manufacturer and the farmer owner. During the implementation process, the requirements and product functions and performance are constantly running through, and timely feedback Product performance defects enable manufacturers to improve and optimize products and solutions in a timely manner, and continuously improve technology and product quality.
5. Speed up the construction of cold chain logistics system:
To speed up the construction of the cold chain logistics system, the government is urgently required to increase capital investment and establish an agricultural product distribution system that integrates warehousing, refrigeration, distribution, and long- and short-distance transportation functions from village to city as soon as possible. At the same time, a stronger and more preferential tax reduction or subsidy policy was introduced to guide and encourage enterprises to accelerate the construction of cold chain logistics systems. Establish an intelligent and efficient sorting and management system . Achieve standardization of full-process cold chain services.
6. An e-commerce platform that helps farmers and agricultural enterprises build interaction channels between farmers and consumers:
Help more farmers and agricultural enterprises understand and use e-commerce platforms. Coordinated by the government, we will organize exhibitions and trade fairs of advantageous agricultural products online to increase product visibility while opening up product sales. Taking the road of brand promotion is the focus of agricultural e-commerce business development and brand management.
Establishing a platform for farmers and consumers to interact with each other is conducive to building an agricultural e-commerce ecosystem. Through the organic combination of online and offline, it promotes the interaction between traditional agriculture and market resources, and realizes transformation and upgrading to ensure that farmers can sell and get benefits; And consumers can buy when they want to buy and enjoy the service. This is the key to the success of agricultural e-commerce.
March 6, 2017
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd