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Smart greenhouses , smart agriculture , smart homes, smart cities, and intelligent transportation are all specific applications of the Internet of Things technology in various fields. The technological foundation of German Industry 4.0 is also the Internet of Things technology. At present, all walks of life are struggling to take advantage of the Internet of Things. Smart agriculture is typical of the development of the agricultural Internet of Things .
Compared with large-scale planting abroad, modern agricultural technology in the United States and Israel is quite mature, and China's agricultural planting is relatively backward, and it is currently transforming from traditional individual planting operations to large-scale modern planting agricultural operations.
For the application of the Internet of Things technology in agriculture , the basic technology is sensor networks . The improvement of the sensor network system directly affects the operation of the entire agricultural Internet of Things technology . The collection, data transmission, data information processing and control application of production site data information are the core technologies of the agricultural Internet of Things in a deeper level. Use sensors to collect air, soil, pests, agricultural operations and other production process information, transmit the information to a cloud platform, and process it through the cloud platform to provide data support for production management, quality traceability, agricultural technology services, etc. The main application.
In the past two years, the Internet of Things technology has been applied to many fields of agriculture, including agricultural environmental monitoring , greenhouse production control, water-saving irrigation, meteorological monitoring, product safety and traceability, and intelligent diagnostic management of equipment.
In the traditional planting management based on experience management, due to different experience of fertilization, spraying, and irrigation, different planters will have different planting results, and at the same time cause waste of water resources, excessive fertilization and spraying. With the continuous promotion of large-scale planting and the continuous change of industry conditions, traditional experience management cannot adapt to large-scale production operation models, and scientific advanced management methods will surely take its place.
The application of the Internet of Things technology can collect information on the production environment of the greenhouse and grasp the dynamics of animals and plants at all times. Sensors will play an indispensable role in agricultural production . Fertilization, spraying, and irrigation all require sensor data collection. The data of the soil, pests, and humidity of the planted products are used to determine when to fertilize, when to spray, when to irrigate, and the required amount. Avoid waste of resources and environmental damage in traditional empirical management.
The greenhouse temperature and humidity monitoring system developed by Xinxin IOT can also prompt and remind environmental critical conditions. When the air temperature, humidity, soil moisture, and CO2 concentration collected by the sensors are close to or exceed the crop growth value, the intelligent temperature and humidity monitoring system based on the Internet of Things technology will promptly remind the growers through mobile phone text messages and other methods. Take corresponding actions to ensure the optimal environment for crop growth.
Through the data transmitted by the sensors, the crop information can be grasped at any time and place, and the crops can be remotely managed. At the same time, the scientific diagnosis and analysis of the crop diseases and insect pests, the relationship between the growth and the environment can be performed through experts and expert systems. Through continuous data monitoring combined with big data , crops can grow in a suitable environment and nutrition. On the one hand, crops grow fast and grow well, and they are not easy to get sick, which can bring better economic benefits.
The front-end production data collected by sensors is not only used in the production field. In the later product distribution field, quality traceability also depends on the support of front-end production data. Complete front-end production data can provide important data for each link in the crop production process, and can provide a good guarantee for product quality.
The application of the agricultural Internet of Things can free the labor force from heavy physical labor, without field watering, without opening or covering the insulation quilt on the site, the computer will make a decision based on the collected data through its own expert system.
At present, the Internet of Things technology has begun in agriculture, and agricultural companies have begun to realize that they must accept this reform. As the cost of labor continues to increase and the cost of hardware continues to decrease, the Internet of Agriculture is the general trend, and the Internet of Agriculture will completely Changing agricultural production and consumption patterns. The agricultural Internet of Things is the general trend, and the agricultural Internet of Things will completely change the way of production and consumption of agricultural products in the future. The future advantages of agriculturalization cannot be underestimated.
December 21, 2016
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd