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Animal disease is the most important factor that harms the production and development of animal husbandry and has become one of the main bottlenecks restricting the development of animal husbandry . Compared with the development of breeding industry and the improvement of intensive breeding, China's livestock and poultry breeding methods and levels have not been improved simultaneously. On the one hand, insufficient understanding of the pathogenic mechanism makes it difficult to effectively prevent and control animal diseases; on the other hand, it ignores the physiological characteristics and basic welfare of animals, pursues maximum economic benefits and abuses additives, hormones, vaccines, etc., causing serious animal health problems And an increasingly complex epidemic.
Animal disease is not only directly related to the development of animal husbandry, but also to economic development, people's health and social stability. To prevent and control poultry disease, we must not only strengthen comprehensive prevention and control from the three basic links of the epidemic, but also actively plan, construct, and improve the animal health breeding system and its biosafety guarantee system at a macro level in order to give full play to human activities. The important role and positive impact of the epidemic process. So how to build a healthy livestock and poultry breeding system and its biosafety system?
1. Establish and improve the animal and poultry epidemic prevention system and veterinary health supervision and control system at all levels.
Changing the concept of animal epidemic prevention, upgrading the position of animal epidemic prevention from protecting animal health and livestock economic development to protecting human health and safety, and realizing animal epidemic prevention work from protecting animal health as the core to protecting human health and safety as the core change. Positioning animal epidemic prevention work accurately, establishing and improving livestock and poultry epidemic prevention systems and veterinary health supervision and control systems at all levels to ensure the implementation of epidemic prevention plans, measures and various veterinary regulations.
The work of animal epidemic prevention system and veterinary health supervision and control system is a system work closely related to agriculture , commerce, foreign trade, health, transportation and other departments. To improve the government's social management and public service functions, we must rely on the government to make a unified deployment based on the overall situation, and all relevant departments should cooperate closely to establish and improve the animal epidemic prevention supervision mechanism throughout the production of animal products. Establish a unified vertical management system and system for veterinary related functions, responsibilities, rights, and benefits, especially the official veterinary system for vertical management, to achieve full monitoring of all aspects of animal feeding, management, slaughter, processing, and sales. Effective institutions. The improvement of the official veterinary system can effectively change the focus of animal epidemic prevention work, from the results monitoring focusing on treating the symptoms to the overall monitoring of both the symptoms and the root causes.
2. Focus on the construction of regionalized and standardized safe breeding communities.
Adhere to the "prevention-oriented" principle, firmly establish the awareness of biosafety, and take the construction of regionalized and standardized safe breeding communities as the core to vigorously promote the construction and improvement of animal health breeding and animal production biosafety systems. To implement the policy of "prevention-oriented and prevention-oriented over governance", the scientific planning and construction of biosafety production areas must be at the core, and organization, regionalization, standardization, scale , specialization, welfare, and industrialization must be Development direction, and actively develop modern ecological healthy breeding industry with resource saving, environment friendly and virtuous circle.
First of all, based on the effective planning of the breeding biosafety zone as a benchmark, comprehensively consider the distribution of the breeding industry, land resources and carrying capacity, ecological environment and industrial foundation, etc., in an overall planning, reasonable layout, and rational use of land resources. Based on the actual protection of water resources and the environment, according to relevant specifications and requirements, scientifically plan the regional layout of animal production, and reasonably delineate production development zones, restricted areas and restricted areas in various places.
Second, overall planning and scientific guidance. On the basis of ensuring the overall supply and demand balance and regulation, through a series of regional scientific planning, standardized management and preferential support policies, to speed up the construction of standardized large-scale breeding communities that are suitable for the biosafety isolation of local characteristics, and effectively achieve qualified Environmental protection facilities and guarantees in operation, scientific epidemic prevention procedures and standards, and unified management organizations and systems.
3. Establish a social organization system to improve the organization of the breeding industry. At present, China is in a period of transition from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture . With the advancement of modern agricultural construction, the requirement to improve the degree of agricultural organization is becoming more and more urgent. Through the social organization of the breeding industry, it actively guides the individual decentralized breeding industry to concentrate in large-scale, industrialized and welfare-based isolated breeding standardized communities. It is a transformation of decentralized and weak farmers into thousands of households. The inevitable choice for the dominant groups to enter the market in an orderly manner is also the only way to effectively prevent and control animal diseases. Only by continuously improving the social organization of animal husbandry, can we help farmers realize the "small-scale, large-scale development" breeding production method and industrial structure, continuously improve their ability to resist market risks and disease risks, and effectively guarantee and promote local breeding. The sustainable development of the industry; Only by increasing the degree of organization can we make social services smoother and increase the penetration rate of new varieties and technologies, reduce production and operation costs, standardize the production process, effectively prevent and control animal diseases and ensure food safety .
Fourth, accelerate the formation of a modern aquaculture industry's biosafety production system. Taking into account the differences in economic, natural environment, and animal husbandry development levels in various places, unified planning, overall layout, and policy tilt and guided demonstrations will speed up the construction of unregulated disease areas and biosafety segregated areas suitable for local characteristics. Effectively enhance the healthy breeding of animals and the ability to effectively avoid the risk of epidemic diseases, so as to comprehensively and rapidly improve the development level of breeding productivity in the planned area.
Livestock and poultry health breeding and the construction of its biosafety system are not only the basis for the continued health and development of the livestock and poultry breeding industry, but also the source guarantee and necessary way of animal-derived food safety and veterinary public health safety. A concrete manifestation of the concept of development and the maintenance of social ecological harmony.
November 23, 2016
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd