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Agricultural machinery is an important hardware foundation for the development of modern agriculture , an important symbol of agricultural modernization , and an important way to improve agricultural production conditions, farmers' living standards and rural ecological environment. Facility agriculture is a standardized agricultural production method that provides the most suitable environment and conditions for all stages of commercialization of agricultural products such as horticulture, livestock, and aquatic products, in order to get rid of the constraints of the natural environment and traditional production conditions, and obtain high-yield, high-quality, efficient, and safe agricultural products. The equipmentization process is scientific, intensive, modernized in management, and standardized in production.
Like the industrial manufacturing industry, agriculture also needs to improve its intelligent production level. Only by realizing the production of standardized products can it take advantage of commodities in the market and participate in the large cycle of international markets.
In China, more than 90% of the land is agricultural land, and more than 60% of the farmland is field agriculture that guarantees national food security. For facility and equipment agriculture, we must choose to implement mechanization and automation in developed areas, intensive land areas, and metropolitan areas. The road to the development of agricultural science and technology in modern, intelligent, and informatized facilities.
In our country, to promote the development of modern agriculture and facility agriculture in China, we need to solve the following major problems:
One: large-scale profitable farm.
Foreign development experience and domestic practice have all shown that the promotion and application of facility agriculture is based on large-scale production. Facility agriculture demonstration must be a large-scale profitable farm-type regulatory demonstration. Only this business model can integrate the use of facilities, equipment and equipment, and can continue to operate and develop, showing the demonstration effect. At present, there is a misunderstanding in China that large-scale exhibitions of facility agricultural equipment are being held. The technical agreement cannot be unified, which is not beneficial to the development of facility agriculture, but may cause waste of repeated construction investment. Therefore, whether it is production operation or experimental demonstration, China's facility agriculture urgently needs the development of large-scale profitable farms.
Two: International standard agricultural production and safety supervision methods.
An entrepreneur had the following questions about the standard of firewood eggs it produced. The keywords for the label of the product were: free-range, hormone-free, food-feeding, etc. In fact, this is not the standard for firewood eggs at all. The standard for firewood eggs should be the composition of amino acid, protein and other ingredients, rather than a description of the chicken's living environment. Obviously, China lacks sufficient standards in agricultural product safety supervision, and urgently needs to establish a standardized agricultural production method in line with international standards.
Three: Agricultural products and agricultural materials transaction models in line with international standards.
Taking advantage of the "Belt and Road", China's agriculture must go global, and even if it enters a country with poor agricultural production, it must implement international standards. At present, some “going global” companies have experienced conflicts in the production and trading of fertilizers and pesticides, which deserves reflection.
Four: Modern agricultural machinery and equipment upgrade.
At present, the development of agricultural machinery in China lacks "two heads", one is the core technology of large-scale agricultural machinery equipment, and the other is the precision supporting technology for facility agriculture. There is a sesame production plant in Tianjin Binhai New District with an investment of nearly 20 million U.S. dollars. The production equipment is imported from the British sesame peeling production facility. The raw materials for sesame are imported from Africa. The sesame produced by it supplies all McDonald's, KFC and other food companies. If you can visit the equipment used by this company, you will be shocked by the precision of its production equipment. Why does our country not even have the equipment and sesame to produce sesame? The equipment imported by the company can directly peel sesame seeds under dry conditions without changing the original quality of sesame seeds. At present, the common method in China is to soak sesame seeds and peel them, which directly affects the quality of sesame seeds. In addition, there is a lycopene extraction plant in Xinjiang that is also very sophisticated. Modern agricultural machinery and equipment can extend and tap the added value of agricultural products, which is the key way for agriculture to win the market in the future.
Five: Information-based intelligent agricultural Internet of Things technology .
The widespread use of the agricultural Internet of Things has enabled large agricultural countries to reduce energy consumption in agricultural investment and ensure the quality and output of agricultural products. As early as the 1970s and 1980s, the sensor network standards formed in Israel and other major agricultural countries have become the sensor standards for today's core technology of the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is to improve production efficiency and reduce management investment costs. At present, there is still a lack of universal IoT technology that can change and upgrade agricultural production methods.
Six: International cooperation regional agricultural research institutions.
Science knows no borders, especially to solve global agricultural problems. Agriculture and ecology are closely related to the healthy lives of people around the world. We should learn from the development of foreign facilities agriculture. Formula, mobilize latecomer advantages, and accelerate the strengthening of China's international standards for facility agriculture.
Seven: Education and training of modern agricultural new technologies.
With the deepening of the aging agricultural population, on the one hand, China ’s agricultural workers have suffered from faults, and it has been difficult for a large number of young laborers who have escaped from the countryside to return to the countryside for agricultural work; on the other hand, modern agriculture requires specialized professional technicians and is extremely scarce. There is an urgent need for modern agricultural new technology education and training for new professional farmers. At this stage in China, implementing modern agricultural technology training to train new farmers is a fast way to accelerate the development of modern agriculture .
October 26, 2016
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd