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At present, China's aquaculture industry is in a critical period of transition from traditional to modern aquaculture. Traditional one-family decentralized farming has caused China's aquaculture industry to face problems such as waste of resources, low production efficiency, high farming risks, and high environmental pressure. To solve these problems, aquaculture must be intensified and precise. Modern fisheries is a high degree of integration of aquaculture technology, equipment technology and information technology. The realization of modern fisheries requires aquaculture monitoring systems in conjunction with the Internet of Things technology to make scientific decisions based on big data analysis to achieve precision, automation and intelligence.
Aquaculture is becoming an important area of human food production. In China, aquatic products provide 27.3% of the total consumer animal protein. At the same time, 70% of the earth ’s waters currently provide only 10% of the total human food, which means that the development of modern fisheries is unprecedented.
The aquaculture monitoring system promotes the standardization and large-scale process of aquaculture : At this stage, accelerating the development of aquaculture is an important part of promoting the coordinated development of aquaculture and planting. The Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the CPC put forward five development concepts. A coordinated development in agriculture is an important part of the coordinated development of planting and aquaculture, and large-scale standardized aquaculture is the key to accelerating aquaculture. Improving the level of informatization and developing the " Internet of Things +" aquaculture and aquaculture monitoring system is the inevitable way to achieve aquaculture standardization.
At present, the traditional method of extensive consumption of resources and extensive management is still used in fisheries, and there is a lack of effective monitoring of the water quality and environment in the fishery aquaculture process. Improper feeding and medication during the aquaculture process greatly deteriorated the water quality environment, affected the quality of aquatic products, and aggravated the occurrence of aquatic product diseases, making the problems of aquatic product quality and safety, aquatic environment pollution, and breeding risks very serious. All these problems force traditional fisheries to be transformed and upgraded to improve fishery quality and competitiveness.
The IoT aquaculture monitoring system has the characteristics of comprehensive perception, reliable transmission, and intelligent processing. It enables managers to manage production in a more sophisticated and dynamic manner, and enhances the real-time control and management capabilities of the fishery aquaculture world, thereby realizing resource optimization. Configuration and scientific intelligent decision-making. This will play a significant role in the large-scale standardized farming of modern fisheries.
The aquaculture monitoring system plays an extremely important role in the water environment monitoring , feeding system, remote monitoring of disease control, breeding monitoring, seed breeding, and facility breeding.
In fact, China ’s fisheries Internet of Things and big data technology research is relatively backward, especially in the research and development and manufacturing of sensing devices such as smart sensors for fisheries. Many applications rely mainly on imported sensing devices. Most of the products of fishery-specific sensing equipment researched by domestic universities and research institutes are still in the laboratory stage. There are still many gaps in performance parameters such as stability, reliability, low power consumption and foreign products, and it is difficult to reach scale. There is still a certain distance between industrialization and standardization. The modernization, standardization, and scientific level of the fishery Internet of Things and big data production technology, equipment, management and operation systems need to be improved. Industrial development needs to be standardized and guided. Aquaculture monitoring system also faces great market development space and huge technical challenges.
June 6, 2016
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd