2019 end inventory: science and technology support high-quality agricultural and rural development
。 Strengthen scientific and technological assistance to help win the battle against poverty . Guided 832 poverty-stricken counties across the country to set up more than 4,100 technical expert groups for poverty alleviation in the industry, and in-depth scientific and technological assistance at the grassroots level, especially the establishment of 6 science and technology service groups and 544 expert groups, covering 165 poverty-stricken counties in the "three districts and three states" to achieve The “Three Districts and Three States” and the Ministry of Designated Poverty Alleviation County Industrial Technology Expert Groups are fully covered; in 22 provinces, more than 3,000 specially-appointed agricultural technicians have been recruited from “soil experts”, “Tian Xiucai” and planting and breeding capabilities to achieve poverty-stricken areas Specially-appointed agricultural technicians plan to implement full coverage and full coverage of agricultural technology services in poor villages; carry out the cultivation of 10,000 leaders for poverty alleviation, and develop more than 10,000 high-quality farmers and practical rural areas around the development needs of advantageous and characteristic industries in 28 poor counties around Beijing and Tianjin Talents, to achieve the full coverage of the training of 10,000 leaders in poverty alleviation around Beijing and Tianjin. Strengthen the construction of modern agricultural industry technology system and build the national agricultural industry's scientific and technological strategic strength. Rely on modern agricultural industry technology system to strengthen key technological innovations and break through bottlenecks in industrial development and ecological construction. 质品种、牛奶品质与质量安全、玉米籽粒机收、小麦赤霉病防控等一批关键核心技术难题，推动了产业技术转型升级。 Organized 50 industrial technology systems around the bottlenecks restricting industrial development, carried out collaborative research on the entire industry chain, and focused on superior forces to overcome the high yield and quality of soybeans . Quality varieties, milk quality and quality safety, corn grain harvesting, wheat scab disease prevention and control, etc. A number of key core technical problems have promoted industrial technology transformation and upgrading. Construct a national science and technology innovation center for the modern agricultural industry, and create a new carrier for the integration of science, technology and economy. Positive progress has been made in the construction of four science and technology innovation centers in Nanjing, Taigu, Chengdu, and Guangzhou. The four science and technology innovation centers have established three leading industries to vigorously promote science and technology, enterprises, science and industry, science and talent, science and finance, and technology. Integration with science and technology has attracted more than 200 high-tech companies, more than 200 high-level scientific research teams, and more than 20 high-level funds settled in, which has spawned a batch of smart agriculture , intelligent manufacturing, green input product creation, and agricultural product deep processing. And other new R & D institutions and emerging industries. Strengthen basic and long-term work and establish a new framework for the national agricultural scientific observation system. A “pyramid” model with 11 agricultural scientific observation data centers as “towers”, 116 national agricultural scientific observation and experimental stations as “backbone”, and 40,000 national monitoring points for agro-ecological environment as “tower bases” was initially established. The working framework has formed an agricultural scientific observation network system combining experimental observation and fixed-point monitoring. Strengthen the construction of extension teams and improve the effectiveness of agricultural technology extension services. Adopting out-of-site training, on-site training, and online training to improve the knowledge and skills of agricultural technology extension teams. 领性技术和72项主推技术，通过基地示范展示、编印技术明白纸、农技人员精.准服务等措施，实现了技术快速进村入户到企。 10 major leading technologies, 72 leading technologies were selected and released . Through the demonstration and demonstration of the base, the editing and printing technology to understand the paper, the fine and accurate services of agricultural technicians, and other measures, the technology quickly entered the village and entered the household to the enterprise. Implement a major agricultural technology synergy promotion plan, build a “six levels of provinces, cities, and counties” coordination mechanism, “political, industry, research, and research promotion” six-party main body of the left and right coordination mechanism, so that the extension of service forces “combined”, so that science and technology promotion new kinetic energy “release” . 准高效的指导服务。 Build the "Trinity" Chinese agricultural technology promotion information platform of APP, Web terminal and public account. More than 6,000 experts and more than 360,000 agricultural technicians provide precise, quasi-efficient guidance services online.