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Recently, the General Office of the State Council issued the Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of High-standard Farmland to Improve the National Food Security Capability (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"). At a regular briefing on State Council policies held by the State Council on November 25, Vice Minister Yu Xinrong of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs stated that according to the "Opinions", 1 billion mu of high-standard farmland will be built in the country by 2022. The production capacity is over 1 trillion kilograms, accounting for about 80% of China's total grain output.
All things are born in the soil, and there is Tus and grain. What does high standard farmland construction mean for food security? How to form a stable funding mechanism? How to ensure sufficient arable land and quality and safety in the future?
Urgent need to strengthen top-level design
Today's arable land is tomorrow's rice bowl. Relying on the construction of high-standard farmland, many of the former "Tiantian Tian" and "Dongpi Tian" have become "tens of thousands of acres" and "tons of grain fields". According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the construction of high-standard farmland can not only increase grain production capacity, but also improve the disaster resistance of farmland. According to the assessment, the quality of cultivated land in the project area will generally be improved by 1 to 2 grades after the completion, the average grain production capacity will be increased by 10% to 20%, and the average grain output per mu will be increased by 100 kg. In severe meteorological disaster years, the stability level of grain production capacity in project areas is significantly higher than in non-project areas.
Yu Xinrong said that with the continuous growth of population and urbanization, the contradictions of more people and less land and relatively insufficient cultivated land area have become increasingly prominent. It is necessary to use the cultivated land intensively and efficiently, and firmly hold the rice bowl in his own hands. Judging from the practice in various places, significant achievements have been made in the construction of high-standard farmland, but China's agricultural infrastructure is weak and its disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities are not fundamentally changed. At this stage, the construction of high-standard farmland still has unclear numbers and uneven quality. Inconsistencies, etc. The construction of high-standard farmland urgently needs to strengthen the top-level design and build a new centralized and efficient management system.
At present, relevant departments have been revising the national high-standard farmland construction plan. Qiu Tianchao, head of the Rural Economics Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, introduced that the “14th Five-Year Plan”, the implementation of the rural revitalization strategic plan, the land space plan, and the water conservancy construction plan will be used to promote the compilation of high-standard farmland construction plans across the country and form a national , Provincial, city, and county farmland construction planning system. Mainly clarify the layout of high-standard farmland construction areas, focus on constructing high-standard farmlands in long-term basic farmland protection areas, grain production functional areas, and important agricultural product production protection areas, and give priority to supporting old revolutionary areas and poor areas to build high-standard farmland.
In accordance with the requirements, farmland construction implements a working mechanism of central coordination, provincial responsibility, city and county implementation, and mass participation. Guangdefu, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and director of the General Office, said that it is necessary to implement high-standard farmland construction evaluation incentives, and conduct a comprehensive evaluation of tasks completed, capital investment, and post-construction management and protection in conjunction with the assessment of the Governor's responsibility system for food security. , The implementation of rewards and punishments. Further strengthen the regular scheduling of farmland construction projects, analyze and judge construction progress in a timely manner based on climatic conditions, agricultural production and engineering construction cycles, and adopt methods such as notifications, interviews, and on-site supervision to promote the completion of annual tasks.
Raising construction funds through multiple channels
The high-standard farmland construction has a wide range of benefits, a large investment, and a long cycle. How to solve the funding problem? Xu Liuqing, head of the Agriculture and Rural Division of the Ministry of Finance, said that on the one hand, it is necessary to encourage local governments to increase financial input. Encourage economically developed regions to base on state subsidies, take into account the fiscal affordability of all levels and the requirements of government debt risk prevention and control, raise more funds to invest, and improve the level of project construction. On the other hand, we must encourage and guide multi-channel funding. Encourage the beneficiaries of high-standard farmland construction projects and rural collective fund-raising and labor, and take the form of investment subsidies and discounts to attract social capital.
Since 2017, Jiangxi Province has taken the lead in coordinating and integrating funds at the provincial level across the country and started a new round of high-standard farmland construction. For many farmers in Xiaxia Village, Lingbei Town, Dingnan County, Dingnan County, Gansu Province, this year's grain production has a different experience. In accordance with Jiangxi Province's high-standard farmland construction specifications, the local government has clarified six major standards including land formation, field roads, and farmland power transmission and distribution. Today, the village has all kinds of machine-cultivated roads, irrigation and drainage channels. Villagers report that agricultural machinery operations are now very convenient and the yield of grain has also increased.
励地方政府在债务限额内，发行债券支持符合条件的高标准农田建设。 According to reports, the Ministry of Finance has integrated and perfected the central fiscal investment mechanism, and in conjunction with the agriculture encourage local governments to issue bonds to support eligible high-standard farmland construction within the debt limit.
Pay more attention to farmland quality
"Cultivated land is a very precious resource. For a long time, there has been a phenomenon of heavy quantity, light quality, and heavy use of light land in the construction of cultivated land." In previous surveys, Qin Guangwei, director of the Yancheng Cultivated Land Quality Protection Station in Jiangsu Province, told this ⎝⎛优德w88体育网⎞⎠paper. Reporter: In the past, high-standard farmland construction funds were mainly used for the construction of infrastructure such as bridges and culverts, road gates and sluices, and less investment was made in improving cultivated land fertility and soil restoration. Due to the relatively inadequate investment in quality construction, the quality of arable land in China is generally not high. It is necessary to promote the implementation of policies for the use of land transfer funds for arable land quality construction in various places.
Only healthy soil can produce healthy food. Yu Xinrong said that the overall weak condition of farmland infrastructure has not fundamentally changed. In some areas, due to long-term overdrafts of agricultural resources, the decline of land capacity and the continuous increase in pressure on resources and the environment, there is an urgent need to more prominently protect and improve the quality of farmland in the construction of high-standard farmland. The construction of high-standard farmland should not only ensure the production capacity of grain as the primary task and ensure "satisfaction"; but also lay a good resource and environmental foundation for the provision of high-quality agricultural products to achieve "eat well" and meet the people's needs for a better life need.
The "Opinions" also emphasized the improvement of quality while emphasizing quantity requirements. 久基本农田，实行特殊保护，防止“非农化”，任何单位和个人不得损毁、擅自占用或改变用途。 The "Opinions" proposes that the completed high-standard farmland should be classified as permanent basic farmland, and special protection should be implemented to prevent "non-agriculturalization". No unit or individual may damage, arbitrarily occupy or change uses. Strict examination and approval of cultivated land occupation, and those with high standards of farmland approved in accordance with the law shall be supplemented in a timely manner to ensure that the number of high-standard farmlands does not decrease and the quality does not decrease. Explore a reasonable farming system, implement a combination of land use and land cultivation, strengthen follow-up fertilization, and prevent decline in land capacity.
The reporter interview found that high-standard farmland construction projects overlap in some places. "In the past, because multiple departments promoted the construction of high-standard farmland, there were problems of unclear numbers and overlapping areas to varying degrees. Today, institutional reforms have integrated the original multi-sector farmland construction management functions into the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, which has completely changed the ' The situation of “Wuniu Governing the Field”. In view of the previous overlap of farmland construction projects, the relevant departments are conducting a special inventory. Not only must we carefully figure out the quantity, but also put the quality in a prominent position. I believe that with the high-standard farmland construction, it will be centralized, unified, and scientific. Promote efficiently, some problems that existed in the past will be better solved. "Yu Xinrong said.