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In a fruit and vegetable sorting workshop in Weifang, Shandong, a forklift truck is full of vegetables and fruits shuttled between the cold storage and intelligent shelves, in an orderly manner.
When it comes to "vegetable baskets", I have to mention Shandong Shouguang Sanyuan Zhu Village. It is such a small village. In the vigorous reform and opening up process, it fundamentally rewritten the history of China's "vegetable baskets" and became a driving force for Chinese vegetables Bigger and stronger nucleus.
In 1978, Sanyuan Zhu Village, like most rural areas in China, was backward and poor. The village had a large area of low-yielding Buling. "Growing vegetables is not long, and growing grain is not collected." Winter vegetables are scarce, and people's "vegetable baskets" contain traditional winter storage cabbage and radishes.
At that time, Wang Leyi, the party branch secretary, led the folks to formulate a "poor root" plan for planting forest fruits, plant greenhouse vegetables , build warm winter greenhouses, and actively teach greenhouse vegetable cultivation techniques to farmers across the country. He has visited more than 20 provinces, and promoted the popularization of winter warm greenhouses throughout the country.
Wang Leyi said that the promotion of "winter warm-type greenhouses" technology has effectively solved the problem of not being able to eat vegetables in northern China in winter; it has solved the problem that Xinjiang needs to enter the country from outside for eight months a year; and it has solved the problem that Tibet does not produce vegetables The problem; in 2013, it solved the problem that Heilongjiang vegetable greenhouse cannot overwinter.
Wang Tongli was one of the 17 villagers who took the lead in establishing a "winter warm vegetable greenhouse". He admits that today, the greenhouse in Sanyuan Zhu Village is planted with excellent varieties from all over the world, parameters such as soil temperature, air humidity, and soil pH. Full display on the detection screen and real-time transmission to the mobile phone, real-time regulation through the mobile phone.
Advances in science and technology have made people's "vegetable baskets" more and more abundant. In the early years, vegetable procurement was mainly to satisfy local digestion, and seasonality was particularly pronounced. At present, the "South-to-North Freight Transfer" and "North-to-South Freight Transfer" markets have been formed. Not only the agricultural products originating from the Northeast, but also the vegetables from the mountains in the Yunguichuan region can be delivered.
一动力。 Demand is the first driving force for the diversity of vegetables. The current consumer body is gradually shifting from the 60s and 70s to the 75s and 80s. Changes in consumer bodies have also brought about changes in consumption habits and product positioning, and consumers' pursuit of quality has gradually occupied the mainstream.
Everyone bought tomatoes 7 or 8 years ago, mainly choosing big persimmons, making soup and cooking. Nowadays, leisure products are very popular, such as small tomatoes, virgin fruits, strawberry tomatoes and so on.
In addition to diversity, the need for quality also includes "safety on the tip of the tongue." Consumers' pursuit of health, organic and green is becoming an important indicator of the production of vegetables today. Consumers' demands for low-residue, health and safety of fruit and vegetable products are getting stronger and stronger. For example, the market share occupied by a series of high-end vegetables, such as soilless vegetables, organic vegetables, and selenium-rich vegetables, is increasing year by year.
At present, China's vegetable planting area is about 335 million mu, with an output of nearly 800 million tons, and its per capita possession exceeds 500 kg, ranking among the top in the world.
China's vegetable production is plentiful and there are many varieties. In recent years, the quality has been continuously improved. This has brought room for development of organic, green and pollution-free vegetables. I used to be full, but now I want to eat well and eat safely. People have higher requirements for the safety and quality of vegetable products. 质绿色产品等要求放到重要的位置上。 Therefore, the industry must place the requirements of green development and the provision of superior and high-quality green products in an important position.
Today, Chinese vegetables not only meet the needs of domestic consumers, but also go abroad and sell to the world. Data show that in 2018, China's vegetable export volume was 9.48 million tons, and the export value exceeded 12.615 billion US dollars.
一大的葵花生产区，每年出口葵花籽仁18万吨，90%销往了中东、欧美市场。 In Bayannaoer, Inner Mongolia, which is located in the Hetao Plain, there is China's largest sunflower production area, which exports 180,000 tons of sunflower seeds and kernels each year, 90% of which are sold to the Middle East, European and American markets.
The rich and diverse Chinese agricultural and sideline products have created different cuisines in different places, and have become a memory that many foreign students will never forget when they return home.
From the shortage of supply to the balance, in the 70 years since the founding of New China, the variety of agricultural and sideline products in China has been continuously enriched, and the output has increased significantly. In 2018, China's fruit planting area was 200 million acres and its output was 180 million tons, which was nearly 20 times and 73 times the initial period of the founding of the People's Republic of China. The planting area and output of tea were nearly 19 times and 63 times that of the early days of the PRC. A wide variety of Chinese agricultural and sideline products, while satisfying the diversification of people's consumer demand, will drive the development of related industries around the world.