Unfortunately, because your browser version is too low to get the best browsing experience, it is recommended to download and install Google Chrome!
In the past two years, more topics have been talked about in the aquaculture industry: factory farming, facility farming, and transformation and upgrading. Now, whether it is factory farming or more advanced circulating aquaculture, it is only the initial stage of transformation and upgrading.
With the continuous development of high and new technologies such as automation technology and information technology, people have begun to explore new and high technologies in different application fields. 准化、智能化方向转变。 Since the beginning of the 21st century, China has made great breakthroughs in high-end technologies such as water quality sensing technology, nanotechnology and biological treatment technology applied in the aquaculture industry, and aquaculture has shifted towards automation, precision, standardization and intelligence. 准养殖、陆基工厂循环水精.准养殖和网箱精.准养殖三大类养殖方式上。 At present, China's automated aquatic product culture is mainly reflected in three types of farming methods: engineered pond precision, quasi-culture, land-based factory circulating water precision, quasi-culture, and cage culture.
准养殖 Engineering pond fine . Quasi-culture
Engineering ponds refer to the addition of water quality monitoring systems , product monitoring systems, automatic control systems, and big data management systems to traditional pond breeding. They have lower requirements for the breeding environment and require fewer changes to the original breeding site. It will not change the user's breeding method and breeding habits. It is a one-time investment in the early stage and can benefit long-term in the later period. Most of the changes in the pond breeding method in China are mainly in this way. 准养殖使用效果较好，应用规模也在逐年上升。 Engineering pond precision and quasi-breeding has a good effect, and the scale of application is also increasing year by year.
Water quality monitoring equipment and farming object monitoring equipment can detect dissolved oxygen, pH and other main water quality parameters, fish physiological and ecological identification information, and the farming control system can adaptively adjust the water quality and fish quality of farmed water according to the stress laws of physiological factors on physiological and ecological behaviors. Class activity behavior. For the feeding of products, engineered ponds can also be unmanned. The acquired monitoring data is combined with the breeding species, scale, cycle, pond conditions and traditional breeding experience. The suitable feeding time, feeding place and feeding amount are obtained, and then the automatic feeding of the bait is realized through the remote control system, which greatly reduces the waste of bait and reduces the labor intensity. In addition to high-tech equipment used in aquaculture, it also helps a lot in the rational use of resources. Oxygenation equipment based on complementary fishing and light technology can use photovoltaic or wind power equipment to be installed on the surface of shoals and silt living ponds to achieve pond breeding. The self-sufficiency of electricity required has also become an innovative way to reduce costs in fisheries.
准控制、自动化操作等，保证水质的安全和鱼类、蟹类养殖产品的质量，提高养殖效率、降低生产成本和劳动强度，与传统池塘养殖方式相比，综合性能得到了大幅的提升，这也成为未来我国池塘水产品养殖方式发展的主要方向。 Engineering ponds use a variety of high-tech, including Internet of Things technology , big data technology, intelligent equipment technology, etc., to achieve real-time information acquisition in the pond breeding process, precision breeding process . Quasi-control, automated operations, etc., to ensure the safety of water quality and The quality of fish and crab aquaculture products has improved aquaculture efficiency, reduced production costs and labor intensity. Compared with traditional pond aquaculture methods, the overall performance has been greatly improved, which has also become the main development of pond aquaculture methods in China in the future. direction.
准养殖 Ground-based factory circulating water essence . Quasi-culture
Industrialized farming has got rid of the dependence of traditional farming methods on fixed water sources, environmental limitations have become smaller, and industrialized farming has a larger scale and higher production, and at the same time, industrialized operations have higher controllability, which can avoid drought, heavy rain, Impact of natural disasters such as floods on aquaculture.
Industrialized farming is the main form of intensive farming concept, mainly divided into land-based and sea-based, of which land-based industrialized farming includes intensive flowing water aquaculture and circulating water aquaculture. The circulating aquaculture model is a highly industrialized form of the aquaculture model. Compared with the running-water culture mode, it can save more than 90% of water consumption and save up to 99% of the land area. Moreover, it can also realize energy-saving and emission-reduction and environmentally-friendly production through sewage treatment.
准养殖是采用物联网技术、大数据技术、智能装备技术来实现陆基工厂化循环水养殖水质调控、水质净化、投饲智能化、自动化、精.准化，提高水资源循环利用效率、节能降耗、降低劳动强度和养殖风险。 Circulating water essence in land-based factories . Quasi-breeding is to use the Internet of Things technology, big data technology, and intelligent equipment technology to achieve water quality regulation, water purification, intelligent feeding, automation, precision, standardization and improvement Water resource recycling efficiency, energy saving and consumption reduction, labor intensity reduction and breeding risks. 准养殖系统的很大特色在于水循环智能系统，根据进水量、水位等的变化通过PLC来调节微滤机转鼓转速、反冲洗频率，结合微滤机进水和出水水质的变化参数，优化微滤机控制模型、降低微滤机能耗及提高水质净化效率。 Modern land-based factories circulate water . The great feature of the quasi- breeding system is the intelligent water circulation system. The speed of the filter drum and the backwash frequency are adjusted by the PLC according to changes in water intake and water level. Change parameters of effluent water quality, optimize the control model of the microfilter, reduce the energy consumption of the microfilter, and improve the efficiency of water purification.
准自动化养殖 Cage precision . Quasi-automatic breeding
Cage aquaculture is mainly applicable to relatively deep seas. The integration of marine aquatic products for regional aquaculture is more controllable for seafood. The emergence of cage culture has expanded the way of obtaining seafood, reduced the ecological pressure on the offshore environment, and released the ecological buffer space in fishing seas. 然水域养殖保证了产品的质量，同时与出海捕鱼相比网箱养殖的收获量较大且效率较高。 At the same time, the deep-sea cage culture method also reduces the pollution of aquatic products to the aquatic environment . Natural water culture is used to ensure the quality of the products. At the same time, the cage culture has a larger harvest and higher efficiency than fishing in the sea.
The initial investment in cage culture is large, but the returns are also high, and long-term benefits can be obtained. Because the cages are located in the deep-sea area, higher requirements are also placed on the breeding facilities. The capacity of the cages must meet the appropriate standards and have strong wind and wave resistance. After years of development, cage culture has shifted from offshore management to land-based management or offshore platform management and automatic control system management, which has greatly improved production efficiency and product quality. The cage material has also been made of simple HDPE (high-density ethylene) cylinders. Deep-water cages have evolved into hinged offshore floating ponds.
准养殖设施化程度高，通过大数据、物联网、信息化、人工智能、智能装备等技术实现深海网箱远程的自动管理。 Net cage precision . The quasi-breeding facility has a high degree of automation, and the automatic remote management of deep sea cages is realized through technologies such as big data, the Internet of Things, information technology, artificial intelligence, and intelligent equipment. 方位感知。 Due to the wide range of cage culture, this also places higher requirements on the monitoring system. Sensors and smart devices throughout the culture area form the "Internet of Things", using RFID (radio frequency identification), sensors, two-dimensional code technology, and other perception The equipment identifies the participating elements of deep-sea cages, and can obtain breeding information at any time to realize the full orientation of the cages. 准投喂也是网箱养殖的一大特色，网箱养殖一般配备大型的饲料桶仓，可以长时间大范围自动投喂。 Automatic precision and quasi-feeding is also a major feature of cage culture. Cage culture is generally equipped with large feed barrels, which can automatically feed for a long time and a large range. The feeding system is completely controlled by computer, equipped with GPS positioning system, remote control system, on-site water environment and weather condition monitoring system and feedback automatic control system. Through the cooperation of multiple systems, parameters such as feeding amount, feeding speed, and throwing radius of the feeding machine can be controlled by variables to improve the utilization rate of bait.