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The landscape of a tourist agricultural park refers to the sum of formal information composed of various environmental elements in a tourist agricultural park or a rural area. It can not only become an object of people's aesthetics, provide tourists with a tour environment, but also a multifunctional organic system with production, sightseeing, leisure, science and other functions. The construction of a tourist agricultural park with both characteristics and economic benefits; an agricultural park that can meet the functions of agricultural production and can also perform tourist sightseeing, landscape planning is particularly important. Each tourist agricultural park has its own situation, and its planning zoning forms are various. The landscape types are basically the same. In summary, there are the following landscapes: farmland landscapes, water landscapes, woodland landscapes, architectural landscapes, scientific and agricultural landscapes, and cultural landscapes.
Landscape function: This kind of landscape is mostly used in vegetable gardens, tea gardens, orchards, etc. It can be semi-open or full-open. On the basis of the agricultural production base in the park, adding elements of the garden landscape, planning a winding garden road, adding rest facilities, embellishing garden sketches, and in addition to producing flowers and trees planted in rows. In addition, plants are mostly planted in clusters or scattered plants, and should not be arranged symmetrically in order to unify with the natural style of the tourist agricultural garden.
In the vegetable garden, activities that mainly involve tourists' personal participation and experience can be carried out. Visitors can go to work in the field, wield a hoe, pick fresh vegetables , and experience the fun and joy of rural labor while sweating.
Tea gardens not only have production functions, but also a good place for tourists to enjoy tea and relax. Tea tasting in a tea garden with beautiful mountains and clear waters and fresh air is undoubtedly another state. In addition to tea tasting, visitors can personally participate in the process of tea picking and making, and can also understand the connotation of traditional Chinese tea culture through tea tea exhibitions and tea ceremony performances.
The botanical garden has three major functions of flower production, viewing and popularization. Visitors can visit the botanical garden and get to know various plants through listing. Visit the master to make bonsai in the bonsai garden, and learn the skills of bonsai coiling and setting stones by yourself.
Plant selection: The plants selected for this type of landscape should have both ornamental value and economic value, such as rapeseed, beet, leek, amaranth, tea, hemerocallis, oleum, chrysanthemum, yellow flower, chrysanthemum, pyrethrum, wild chrysanthemum, hosta, hollyhock , Coleus, Allium, Licorice, Dahlia, Fritillaria, White and, Lily, Honeysuckle, Aloe, Cactus, Shegan, Angelica, Red Beet, Kale, Knot, Rose, Bauhinia, Hibiscus, Magnolia, Michelia , Jasmine, wax plum, osmanthus, Milan, freesia, etc.
Body of water
The water bodies in the tourist agricultural park are mainly streams and lakes. The landscape characteristics and functions of the two types of water bodies are different. Streams are mostly natural water bodies, which are mainly for viewing and recreation. Lake ponds are mostly used for production of fish ponds and lotus ponds. With production, viewing and entertainment functions.
Landscape function: Tourists can not only enjoy the beautiful scenery while strolling along the stream, but also participate in activities such as boating, fishing, stepping on waterwheels, and making sand.
Key points for planning: The stream relies on its meandering posture, and the clear stream mainly highlights the word "wildness" in the landscape. It mainly focuses on the landscape of marsh, wet, and aquatic plants. Plant landscaping techniques are mostly used in clusters, loose plants, and patches. The waterfront is embellished with shore stones and sketches such as waterwheels, forming a unique Huaxi landscape with rural charm.
Commonly used plants are Acorus calamus, Parasol, Hypericum, Hypericum, Iris, Lily , Lotus, water lily, Cigu, Alisma, cattail, etc.
Lake pond landscape
Landscape function: Lake pond is a combination of production and viewing entertainment. Its production functions include the cultivation of aquatic plants and the cultivation of fish and poultry. While satisfying the production function, it can also meet the needs of tourists viewing and entertainment. In the planning of lake and water landscape, an ecological chain of close integration and virtuous circulation of animals, plants and water is formed.
Key points for planning: The water surface of the lake pond is relatively large and mostly in the state of still water. Therefore, in terms of plant landscape, the construction of the background forest on the waterfront should be emphasized to highlight the wideness of the water surface. Plant species can be used in common with river landscapes, but because lake ponds often have productive functions, they should be more focused on economically valuable species, such as lotus, lotus root, lotus root, red diamond, cigu, lotus root, etc. In addition, with the increase of aquarium enthusiasts, the ornamental aquarium industry is booming, and ornamental aquatic plants have become an important carrier for ornamental fish and an important material for landscaping. Therefore, the economic value of aquatic plants is highlighted, and aquatic planting areas can be specifically opened for aquatic plant production. Common waterweed species such as Ping, Ping Peng Hegen, Arum syringae, Purple Taro, Water Ping, Psyllium, Water Hibiscus, Crown, Genus Peperomia, Utricularia, Water Plant and so on.
Landscape function: The memorial forest is mainly to provide a place for people to place their emotions. People can entrust them by planting memorial trees or claiming trees in the memorial forest. In this way, the emotions of tourists can be expressed and released, and the purpose of greening and afforesting and beautifying the mountain can be achieved; it can not only improve the ecological benefits, but also obtain good economic and social benefits.
Key points for planning: When creating a memorial forest, if the vegetation on the original site is relatively sparse, you should plant denser vegetation around the forest and add colored leaf species such as red maple, ginkgo, and maple scent to ensure the forest Exterior effects; the middle of the woods can be sparsely planted to allow enough space for visitors to plant trees. The selected plants are mostly arbor, and their growth rate should be moderate, so that visitors can feel the changes in the growing height of the trees. Too fast or too slow will not meet the requirements of the memorial forest.
Most of the buildings in the park are based on the local traditional architectural styles to highlight their unique personality. The materials of architectural sketches should reflect the rustic and freshness of the village, mostly bamboo, wood, and stone. Modern methods such as attaching ceramic tiles on the exterior walls of the building and carrying out large-scale hard paving on the ground are not recommended.
Science and technology agricultural landscape
Today's agriculture advocates science and technology agriculture, so tourism agricultural gardens apply some new science and technology to agricultural production, and also bear the function of scientific research. A glass greenhouse can be set up in the park, planting rare and wild species that are rare in daily life, and displaying soilless cultivation methods, such as hydroponics, substrate cultivation, three-dimensional cultivation, etc., which are another new modernization for tourists Agricultural landscape.
Culture is a connotative thing, reflected in all kinds of landscapes. The contents of culture include historical humanities, agricultural culture, rural lifestyle, national characteristics, local customs and so on. It is mainly communicated to people through architectural sketches, physical displays, special cultural activities and even the naming of scenic spots.
Agricultural culture display: Through the exhibition of traditional agriculture and the promotion of modern agriculture , visitors' knowledge can be increased, people's awareness of environmental protection and their understanding of agricultural sustainable development ideas can produce great social benefits. Traditional agricultural exhibition——Use pictures, materials and models to show the local traditional agricultural production methods, traditional crops and traditional agricultural tools, such as plows, loom, hoes, stone mills and so on. Modern agricultural science and technology exhibition-mainly introduces the situation of modern agricultural production and publicizes the basic knowledge of agricultural production and the high-tech of modern agricultural production. Can be carried out by means of picture exhibitions, watching videos, reading materials, etc.
Scenic spot naming: Scenic spot naming is refined by integrating the characteristics of the scenery, which can be described as the finishing touch, so it can focus on the cultural connotation of the landscape.
Characteristic cultural activities: The characteristic cultural activities held in the tourist agricultural park can be held in conjunction with national festivals, such as the Water-splashing Festival of the Dai people, the Torch Festival of the Bai people, and so on. It can also carry out rich activities in combination with local souvenirs. Such as homemade batik, ceramic art, weaving and other well-loved DIY activities, visitors can personally operate under the guidance of the master, and can take the finished product as a memorial. In the process of personal experience, people also have a better understanding of the local people's living and working methods.