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It is learned from the website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has recently proposed a proposal on “Securing the Land for Agricultural Infrastructure Construction of the National Farmer Cooperative Grain Production Demonstration Society” in the second session of the 13th National People ’s Congress. Responded. The reply mentioned that China's farmers' cooperatives are currently booming. As of the end of May 2019, there were 2.215 million farmer cooperatives registered in accordance with the law in the country, which radiated nearly half of the country's farmers. Cooperatives engaged in the grain industry accounted for about 18% of the total number of cooperatives.
On strengthening the construction of high-standard farmland
According to the response of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, China added about 82 million mu of high-standard farmland in 2018. In 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will integrate with the Ministry of Finance special agricultural comprehensive development funds, land remediation special funds, and water conservancy development funds for farmland water conservancy construction, and set up farmland construction subsidy funds, mainly for high-standard farmland and farmland water conservancy construction. , Stabilize and optimize the layout of farmland and improve the quality of farmland.
Among them, the scope of financial support includes land leveling, soil improvement, irrigation and drainage and water-saving facilities, field farming roads, farmland protection and ecological environment maintenance, and farmland power transmission and distribution. Provinces can support the construction of high-standard farmland in accordance with the relevant planning of high-standard farmland construction and within the scope prescribed by the policy.
In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will promptly compile the National High-Standard Farmland Construction Plan (2019-2022), study and promote the issuance of guidance for strengthening national farmland construction work, and encourage qualified farmers' cooperatives to participate in the implementation of high-standard farmland construction.
About Supporting Food Production Farmer Cooperatives
In recent years, the central government has adopted a series of measures to support the development of farmers' cooperatives, including specialized grain production cooperatives, innovate support methods, and develop various forms of moderate-scale grain operations. In order to strengthen the main body of new agricultural operations and improve the degree of farmers 'organization, in 2018, the central government continued to arrange 1.4 billion yuan to support the development of farmers' cooperatives through production and development funds.
In addition, the central government has steadily implemented subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery. From 2017 to 2018, the central government has arranged 18.6 billion yuan in subsidies for agricultural machinery purchases through agricultural production development funds, continuously optimizing the structure of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, and supporting localities to increase the level of mechanization of agricultural production and farming.
In the next step, the central government will further improve policies and measures related to agricultural machinery purchase subsidies, highlight agricultural machinery guarantees, and promote the inclusion of inclusive benefits.
On increasing food production subsidies
From 2017 to 2018, the central government approved 120.485 billion yuan in subsidies for cultivated land fertility protection each year through agricultural production development funds. Supporting objects are in principle farmers who have the right to contract arable land. Encourage innovative ways and methods in various places, take green ecology as the guide, improve the level of comprehensive utilization of crop straw, guide farmers to comprehensively adopt straw return to the field, deep pine preparation, reduce the use of chemical fertilizers, Apply organic fertilizer and other measures to effectively strengthen the protection of agricultural ecological resources and consciously improve the fertility of cultivated land.
In the next step, according to the spirit of the Central Government Document No. 1 , the central government will continue to adhere to the priority development of agriculture and rural areas , improve the fertility of cultivated land, stabilize food production, and promote the implementation of Tibetan food on the ground and Tibetan food on technology.