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As an important way to revitalize the industry and increase farmers' income, the integration of rural one, two and three industries is accelerating. The State Council recently issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Revitalization of Rural Industries" (hereinafter referred to as the "Opinions"), stating that it is necessary to strive for 5-10 years to achieve a greater proportion of the added value of the integrated development of rural one, two, and three industries in the county's total GDP The rate of improvement has increased, and important progress has been made in the revitalization of rural industries.
What steps will the country take? What exactly is the revitalization of rural industries? What are the successful models?
Six aspects of mission initiatives
The first is to highlight the advantages and characteristics and cultivate and expand rural industries . Strengthen the modern breeding and breeding industry, improve the characteristics of local industries, improve the processing and distribution of agricultural products, optimize rural leisure tourism, cultivate new rural service industries, and develop rural information industries.
The second is a scientific and rational layout to optimize the rural industrial space structure . Strengthen the coordination of counties, promote the aggregation of township industries, promote the joint development of towns and villages, and support the industrial development of poor areas.
The third is to promote the integration and development of industries and enhance the cohesion of rural industries . Cultivate diversified integration subjects, form the development trend of " agriculture +" multi-format, create a carrier of industrial integration, and build a mechanism of interest linkage.
The fourth is to promote quality and green agriculture, and enhance the sustainable growth of rural industries . Improve the green quality standard system, vigorously promote standardized production, cultivate and upgrade agricultural brands, and strengthen resource protection and utilization.
Fifth, promote innovation and entrepreneurship and upgrade, and increase new momentum for rural industry development . Strengthen scientific and technological innovation leadership and promote rural innovation and entrepreneurship.
Sixth, improve policies and measures and optimize the development environment of rural industries . Improve the financial investment mechanism, innovate rural financial services, orderly guide industrial and commercial capital to the countryside, improve land security policies, and improve the talent security mechanism.
Why propose rural industry revitalization?
In the new period, there are many reasons why the rural industry should be promoted:
Is the foundation and prerequisite for rural revitalization
Obviously, the realization of rural revitalization requires solid industrial support. If there is no industrial support, or the industry withers, the rural revitalization will become a castle in the sky. Industry is booming, but the country is booming. Without the prosperity of the industry and the revitalization of the industry, the revitalization of the countryside cannot be achieved.
Is the fundamental way for farmers to become rich
The starting point for rural rejuvenation is wealthy life. The key to wealthy life is to increase farmers 'income, and the increase of farmers' income depends on the support of rural industries . At present, there are still many problems in the development of rural industries in China, and the industrial support capacity is seriously insufficient. In many areas, increasing farmers' incomes still lacks the support of rural industries, and no long-term mechanism for sustained and stable income growth has been formed.
Is the economic foundation for maintaining rural social stability
Only with the revitalization of the industry can we increase rural employment opportunities, and with employment opportunities, we can gather popularity and activate business, thereby avoiding rural decay. The revitalization of rural industries is conducive to the steady increase of farmers 'income and accumulation of rural wealth, thereby laying a solid foundation for improving rural public services and residents' well-being. These are the important economic foundations for maintaining the stability of rural society.
What exactly is the revitalization of rural industries?
Development of modern and efficient agriculture
At present, China's agriculture is characterized by small-scale decentralized operation, high production costs, low technological content, and insufficient market competitiveness. Diversified approaches should be adopted to establish a mechanism of interest linkage to introduce wide-scale agricultural production into modern agricultural development systems as soon as possible.
Vigorously promote the integration of rural one, two and three industries
On the one hand, it is necessary to build the entire agricultural industrial chain based on the ideas of the front and back of the market based on the needs of the market, build a pre-, mid- and post-production service system that runs through the entire agricultural production process, and achieve vertical integration and integration of agriculture.
On the other hand, we must promote the deep integration of agriculture with the secondary and tertiary industries, especially the cultural tourism industry, and vigorously develop industries such as agricultural product processing, rural culture and sports, tourism and recreation, rural e-commerce, and handicrafts to achieve horizontal integration and integration of agriculture .
Development of rural public services and living services
With the continuous advancement of urbanization, the rural population will further decrease in the future. For basic public services, we must accelerate the process of equalization; for other public services and middle-to-high-end living service industries, we must follow the market rules and guide the concentration to the formed town administrative districts and central villages with large populations so as to obtain the benefits of agglomeration scale.
电商特色产业模式 Ten Models of Rural Industry Revitalization
This model is represented by the "Sangua Commune" , according to the concept of building the village more like a village, incorporating the development concept of "Internet + agriculture, rural areas and farmers " , and building a "beautiful village" development that combines the primary, secondary and tertiary industries with agricultural tourism. System to promote the development of Sangua Village. During the construction process, the original farmland, forest and lake systems in the countryside were protected, and the wasteland, mountains, and woodlands were repaired and protected, and the water system was restored to make the rural fields a home for poetic habitation and tourism.
Village collective organization driving mode
This model takes "Yuanjia Village" as a representative. It reviews and summarizes Yuanjia Village's entrepreneurial history, development ideas, and basic experience. It can be summarized as follows: the branch is the core, the villagers are the main body; the innovation is the development, and the sharing is Promote harmony; use rural tourism as a breakthrough point to create a platform for farmers to start a business; use cooperatives as the starting point to achieve three changes; use the three industries to promote the first industry to achieve the integration of the three industries; adjust the income distribution to achieve common prosperity; Spiritual civilization, strengthen ideological education; carry forward fine traditions, honest folk customs.
The collective mode of village collective and social capital
This model takes "Taishan Village" as its representative, and combines the profound advantages of Huangdi's culture , and develops rural characteristic tourism based on the ideas of "forestry village, ecologically rich village, tourist living village, and strong cultural village" . In 2007, Qiao Zongwang returned to the village to serve as the village party branch secretary for many years. He led the villagers to wait and take advantage of the location advantage of Zhengzhou City and the brand advantage of Huangdi culture, in accordance with "one village, one product, one village, one scene." "One village, one industry" plan to build Taishan Village characteristic tourism village.
Comprehensive development model
This model is represented by "Zhong Hao" , adheres to the concept of "taking farmers as the main body and letting farmers get rich together", and exploring and implementing a comprehensive development model of "company + project + villagers' equity participation" . The household is the boss, and leisure agriculture and rural tourism develop together.
External funds leverage mode
The model is represented by "Zhuquan Village" , which takes the ecological environment and folklore system of Yimeng Village as its resource advantages and cultural characteristics, and creates a distinctive Yimeng color, a prominent Quanxiang personality, an attractive bamboo village landscape, and a charming farming style. , A comprehensive travel destination in Yimeng Mountain Township that integrates experience, vacation, leisure and sightseeing functions.
One price all-inclusive homestay vacation model
The model is represented by "Wucun" , borrowed from Club Med's "one price all-inclusive" international resort concept, and developed in accordance with the "experiential farm" positioning, emphasizing the systematic protection of the original texture of the village. To create a "utopia" with a typical traditional culture atmosphere of Jiangnan water village farming culture, suitable for modern people's leisure vacation. Around the characteristics of Jiangnan Farming Village, introducing supporting services such as hotels, restaurants, entertainment, leisure, parent-child and farming activities, Wucun is positioned as a high-end rural tourist resort, complementing the Xizha Historic District.
⎝⎛优德w88体育网⎞⎠stay development model
This model takes "Mogan Mountain" as a representative, and builds a multi-level industrial system based on the bed and breakfast industry. Through policy support, foreign capital introduction, and talent utilization, a characteristic town in Mogan Mountain will be created.
This model is represented by the "Lujia Village" . In 2013, it spent 3 million yuan to formulate a village development plan. Through the planning for investment promotion, Lingfeng Tourism in northern Zhejiang saw the beautiful development prospects of Lujia Village and formed a "company + village" with Lujia Village. + Family farm " village economic development model, initiated the national family farm gathering area and demonstration area construction precedent, the beautiful rural pastoral complex" has farming, animal husbandry, scenery and scenery, mountains and water, unique characteristics "unique The charm is presented to the world.
Three change mode
The model is represented by "Shechai Village" and vigorously develops agricultural leisure tourism. Taking the agricultural industry as tourism, in addition to focusing on its own ecological and economic values, planting crops also fully explores the value of science popularization, ornamental value and tourism value. Construct leisure plank roads, viewing platforms, rest facilities, agricultural music and other facilities in the orchard farmland; build farming cultural gardens, Baicao Gardens and Bai Gardens, modern agricultural science and technology display parks, and enhance the ornamental, experiential, and scientific popularization of the agricultural industry, The deep integration of tourism and agriculture.
Traditional culture revival model
This model is represented by "Hezhang Village" , which contains a complete tourism industry chain such as protection of residential buildings, folk custom sightseeing, and ecological experience of homestays.
观光旅游 ：白川乡内共有5个合掌村落，其中较有名的是拥有114栋“合掌造”的荻町，还有一条长1公里左右的庄川河，以及寺庙、美术馆、博物馆等，利用这些旅游资源开发了乡村观光产业。 1. Sightseeing Tour : There are 5 Gassho Villages in Shirakawago, among which the more famous are the “Fashioned Gassho” towns, and the Zhuangchuan River, which is about 1 km long, as well as temples, art galleries, and museums. These tourism resources have developed the rural tourism industry.
民宿与特产 ：合掌村民宿以合掌造建筑见长，是日本传统民宿的典范。 2. ⎝⎛优德w88体育网⎞⎠stays and specialty products : Gassho Village B & B is known for its traditional architecture and is a model of traditional Japanese guesthouses. On the premise of not destroying the villagers' lives, the entire village has transformed some of the Gasshoho Houses into homestays, catering and specialty shops to meet the increasing needs of tourists. The in-house experience project is based on the theme of specific agricultural work or local life culture.
Hezhangcun Village's products mainly promote local specialties, such as muddy wine, Hida beef, persimmon, Hida ice cream made from milk, etc., and use the original ecological ingredients unique to the village for production.
节庆活动 ：为让“合掌村”一年四季都有游客，深度挖掘了当地文化，打造了“浊酒节”“亮灯节”以及“消防演习日”等节庆活动。 3. Festival activities : In order to make the "Gizhang Village" have visitors all year round, it has deeply tapped the local culture, and created festivals such as "Zhuojiu Festival", "Lighting Festival" and "Fire Exercise Day".