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I. Supported Objects
(The original four types of subjects: agricultural leading enterprises, family farms, farmer cooperatives, and large-scale farmers)
Third, the support method
All localities can make overall use of moderate-scale operating funds in the central government ’s agricultural production and development funds and their own financial resources, according to the actual situation. The government will give appropriate support to the implementation of policies and measures for new agricultural operators .
The implementation of the policy can be coordinated with policies such as subsidies for agricultural machinery purchases, leading industries with distinctive features, integrated development of rural one, two, and three industries, and organic fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. Encourage provinces with conditions to carry out overall promotion demonstrations with counties as the unit and focus on input and support.
General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Notice on supporting the cultivation of new agricultural business entities
Agricultural Planning and Finance (2019) No. 44
Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, and cities separately planned for agriculture (agriculture and animal husbandry) departments (committees, bureaus), finance departments (bureaus), Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Agriculture and Rural Bureau, Finance Bureau, Heilongjiang Provincial Land Reclamation Bureau, Guangdong Provincial Land Reclamation Bureau:
In order to implement the spirit of the "Opinions of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Accelerating the Construction of a Policy System and Cultivating New Types of Agricultural Business Entities" and the "Opinions of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Promoting the Organic Connection of Small Farmers and Modern Agriculture ," The Economic Work Conference, the Central Rural Work Conference and the Central Government Document No. 1 require that the central government increase support for new types of agricultural operators such as farmers' cooperatives and family farms in 2019. The relevant matters are notified as follows.
重要意义 I. Significance
General Secretary Xi attaches great importance to the development of farmer cooperatives and family farms. During the eighth collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC on September 21, 2018, he pointed out: "We must give prominence to the development of farmer cooperatives and family farms. New connotation of the system, continuously improving the efficiency of agricultural operations ", March 8, 2019, when participating in the Henan delegation's deliberations, emphasized that" we must give prominence to the development of two types of agricultural business entities: family farms and farmer cooperatives, and support the development of small farmers and modern agriculture. Organic connection. " 领农业适度规模经营发展、带动农民就业增收、增强农业农村发展新动能具有十分重要的意义。 The Opinions of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Accelerating the Construction of a Policy System to Cultivate New Types of Agricultural Business Entities clearly states that on the basis of insisting on household contract management, fostering new types of agricultural business entities engaged in agricultural production and services is a major strategy related to China's agricultural modernization . ; Speeding up the cultivation of new types of agricultural business entities is of great significance for advancing agricultural supply-side structural reforms, leading the development of moderate-scale agricultural operations, driving farmers to increase employment income, and enhancing new kinetic energy for agricultural and rural development.
Increasing support for new agricultural business entities such as farmer cooperatives and family farms is an important part of implementing a series of deployment requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to support the development of new agricultural business entities and promote the organic connection between small farmers and modern agricultural development. Important measures for accelerating the modernization of agriculture and rural areas and consolidating the foundation for the implementation of the strategy for rural revitalization . 服务组织，打造一批以龙头企业为引.领、以农民合作社为纽带、以家庭农场和农户为基础的农业产业化联合体，增强乡村产业发展的内生动力。 Agricultural, rural, and financial departments at all levels must earnestly improve their political standing, further unify their thinking, clarify their responsibility requirements, and effectively follow the "Notice of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Finance on Doing a Good Job in the Implementation of Agricultural Production and Development in 2019" (Agricultural Finance and Development  No. 6) required to accelerate the support of a group of farmer cooperatives and family farms with standardized management, good operation and strong ability to lead farmers, and develop a group of high professional standards, strong service capabilities, standardized service behavior, and cover the agricultural industry chain. Articles of productive and service organization, to create a group of leading industrial enterprises as the guide, farmer cooperatives as the tie, family farms and farmers as the basis of agricultural industrialization consortium, to strengthen the endogenous driving force for the development of rural industries.
总体要求 Second, the overall requirements
(1) Guiding ideology. 好发挥带动小农户进入市场、增加收入、建设现代农业的引.领作用。 Guided by the ideas of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the CPC and the 2nd and 3rd Plenary Sessions of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is planned, resources are integrated, financial support policies are systematically designed, and farmer cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization are promoted. The orderly development of health norms of new agricultural business entities such as the Consortium will guide new agricultural business entities to improve their key development capabilities, stimulate internal vitality, carry out intensive and standardized production, improve the benefit-sharing mechanism, and better bring small farmers into the market. Leading role in increasing income and building modern agriculture.
(Two) basic principles
-Adhere to government support and coordinate development. Give full play to the role of policy guidance, expand the beneficiaries of policies by supporting first, supplement, and replace with awards, and support the development of new agricultural operators; give full play to the decisive role of the market in allocating resources, and use market methods to promote production factors Optimize the allocation to new agricultural business entities. To adapt to local conditions and promote the coordinated development of various types of new agricultural business entities, we must neither engage in egalitarianism nor favor each other and create a fair market environment for the development of new agricultural business entities.
——Insist on capacity improvement, high quality and efficiency. Focus on the improvement of key capabilities such as agricultural product processing, operation management, and marketing, and promote the high-quality and efficient development of new agricultural operators, fully stimulate endogenous power, and continuously improve market competitiveness. Resolutely oppose the face project that emphasizes only quantity and not quality; resolutely avoid rushing up and engage in sports-type development.
——Adhere to combine farming with farming and benefit sharing. It not only supports the development of new agricultural business entities, but also does not ignore small farmers, especially poor farmers. It focuses on supporting new agricultural business entities that have close ties with farmers, which can be learned by farmers, and which can increase farmers' income and become rich, effectively play a radiating role, and promote the organic connection between small farmers and modern agricultural development.
——Insist on integrated implementation and overall progress. Encourage localities to make overall use of policies such as moderate scale operations to support funds, integrate local fiscal support for agriculture projects, give priority to supporting the development of new agricultural business entities, form a policy agglomeration effect, and improve the efficiency of fund use.
支持内容 Third, support content
Support the implementation of farmer cooperatives' normative improvement actions and family farm cultivation plans, actively develop dairy farmer cooperatives and dairy cow farms, foster the establishment of agricultural industrialization consortia, accelerate the cultivation of new agricultural business entities, and accelerate the establishment of farmer family operations as the basis for cooperation and union It is a three-dimensional composite modern agricultural management system oriented by bonds and market demand.
The first is to support the initial processing of agricultural products. Support farmers' cooperatives and family farms to apply advanced technology, enhance green and standardized production capacity, carry out primary processing of agricultural product origins, staple food processing, and construct facilities such as cleaning and packaging, refrigeration and preservation, storage and drying. Support the leading agricultural industrialization enterprises to drive farmers' cooperatives and family farms to carry out technology research and development of the entire industry chain, integration of pilot testing, construction of processing facilities and upgrading of technical equipment.
The second is to improve product quality and safety. Support farmer cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization consortia to carry out the creation of green food, organic food, and geographical indication agricultural products. Establish and improve input product management, archival records, product testing, certification permits, and quality traceability to build agricultural product quality and safety. Detect related facilities and equipment, and build a long-term quality management mechanism. Support dairy farmers cooperatives and family ranches to carry out the introduction of improved breeding cows, forage production, upgrading of breeding facilities and equipment, and improvement of dairy processing and quality and safety testing facilities. 领农民合作社、家庭农场开展质量管理控制体系认定和产品追溯系统建设。 Support leading agricultural industrialization enterprises to lead farmers' cooperatives and family farms to carry out quality management control system certification and product traceability system construction.
质特色品牌创建。 The third is to strengthen the creation of excellent quality brands. 质特色农产品品牌创建，创响一批“独一份”“特别特”“好中优”的“乡字号”“土字号”特色产品品牌。 Support new types of agricultural operators such as farmers' cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization complexes to accelerate the cultivation of advantageous and characteristic agriculture, strengthen the establishment of green and high-quality specialty agricultural product brands, and create a group of "exclusive", "special", and "good medium and excellent" "" Township name "" earth name "characteristic product brand.
支持对象及方式 Fourth, support objects and methods
(I) Supported objects
The first is farmers' cooperatives, which support demonstration cooperatives and cooperatives of farmers' cooperatives at or above the county level. National poverty-stricken counties can be relaxed to regulate other farmers' cooperatives.
The second is family farms, which mainly support family farms (family ranches) included in the list of family farms in the agricultural and rural sectors. Among them, family farms support land management scales equivalent to 10 to 15 times the average area of local contracted land or agricultural income equivalent to local secondary and tertiary industries Farms with working income; dairy farms will give priority to small and medium-sized farms with a stock of 50-500 heads.
The third is the agricultural industrialization consortium, which mainly supports the internal members of the consortium that has standardized organizational management, comprehensive agricultural and farming mechanisms, and obvious economic benefits.
定比重。 The number of new agricultural operators such as farmers' cooperatives, family farms and other large-scale agricultural products production should occupy a fixed proportion.
(Two) support methods
All localities can use the modest operating funds of the central financial agricultural production and development funds and their own financial resources to support them in accordance with actual conditions. Encourage localities to take appropriate measures to implement policies and measures for new agricultural operators such as farmer cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization consortia, etc. Among them, support for the construction of fruit and vegetable storage cellars, refrigerated fresh storage rooms and related drying facilities can refer to the previous subsidy standards for the initial processing of agricultural product origins; support the cultivation of cooperative mechanisms for the agricultural industrialization consortium, and member leading companies will lead the project declaration.
Each locality must determine the specific support objects, support standards, and support methods based on local conditions. The implementation of the policy can be coordinated with policies such as subsidies for agricultural machinery purchases, leading industries with distinctive features, integrated development of rural one, two, and three industries, and organic fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. Encourage provinces with conditions to carry out overall promotion demonstrations with counties as the unit and focus on input and support.
保障措施 V. Safeguard measures
(1) Strengthen the leadership of policy organizations. Provincial agricultural and rural departments must work with the financial department to formulate specific implementation plans, clearly support objects, mission objectives and management measures. Provinces should further promote the construction of demonstration cooperatives to create a model for high-quality development; improve the assessment standards for demonstration family farms, develop a group of family farms with moderate scale, intensive production, advanced management, and obvious benefits; and strengthen the demonstration creation of agricultural industrialization consortia 3. Monitor and guide, innovate the development model, and promote the deep integration and development of the industry.
(2) Improve the interest linkage mechanism. 准对接，助力脱贫攻坚。 Localities should guide new types of agricultural operators such as farmer cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization consortiums, improve the benefit-bonding mechanism of “guarantee bottom income + dividends by shares”, joint-stock cooperation, and order farming, and organize small farmers to carry out standardized production and promote small-scale farmers. The organic connection between farmers and modern agriculture allows more farmers to share the dividends of rural industrial development policies, especially with the poor households, especially the poor households in the “three districts and three states” and other poor areas. The assets formed by the central government's direct subsidy to farmers 'cooperatives should be quantified to the members of farmers' cooperatives.
(3) Innovative ways to supervise funds. All localities should improve the approval process for subsidy funds, strictly apply the qualifications and qualifications of the applicants, and ensure that the release of subsidy funds is open and fair. It is necessary to innovate the means of informationization, and use the new direct reporting system of the main agricultural operation information of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas to strengthen the supervision of moderate scale operation subsidy funds. It is necessary to timely issue subsidy policies in the direct reporting system so that the majority of new agricultural business entities can accurately understand and master the policy content and reporting requirements. All the new-type business entities that have been supported by the moderate-sized operating fund subsidy are all included in the certification management of the direct reporting system, and the relevant information such as the support content, subsidy method, and subsidy amount are timely reported. Encourage localities to explore the online management of subsidy funds from application, review, publicity to distribution.
(4) Increase publicity and guidance. Various localities should interpret the policy content that supports the development of new agricultural business entities such as farmer cooperatives, family farms, and agricultural industrialization complexes through multiple channels, and promptly publicize good practices and models in various places, so that the new agricultural business entities accurately understand and master the policy content and improve themselves. Develop capacity and increase the enthusiasm and initiative of small farmers with radiation; increase publicity and promotion of new agricultural operators such as the Farmer Cooperative Demonstration Society, the Model Family Farm, and the Agricultural Industrialization Demonstration Consortium, so that the peasant masses can learn from it Follow the work and create a good atmosphere of public opinion to promote the development of new agricultural business entities.