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Recently, the topic of 5G is relatively hot. Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has issued 5G licenses to four operators, which marked that China officially entered the first year of 5G commercialization.
In the impression of many people, the characteristic of 5G is fast! How fast is it? Maybe everyone has no concept. The subjective consciousness of our general users may still emphasize the level of download speed. The download speed of 5G network is about 1.25GB per second, which means that downloading a normal video definition movie is only 1 second. 120K / s to 600K / s in the 3G era, 1.5M / s to 10M / s in the 4G era, and GB-level transmission speeds per second in the 5G era. This is the "5G speed".
With such a fast network transmission speed, many industries are about to be disrupted by 5G, and agriculture is no exception. How does 5G combine with agriculture to produce greater benefits?
What's different about the much-watched 5G?
The G of 5G is the abbreviation of English Generation, which means "time". 5G is the abbreviation of the fifth generation mobile communication system. Just like the green leather train has become a high-speed rail, the big brother has become a smart phone. Significant technology upgrades.
Compared with 4G, which mainly pursues speed, 5G pays more attention to key performance indicators such as speed, delay, and connection density. In other words, compared to 4G, 5G pursues more dimensions in performance. It is foreseeable that the arrival of 5G will bring a lot of changes to our entire society and all walks of life.
It is undeniable that 5G commercial use is already happening in China.
What are the new changes in agriculture in the 5G era?
5G brings information-based disruptive changes. At present, agricultural big data is transforming from technological innovation to application innovation, and 5G will also bring massive amounts of raw data to agriculture. In the future, big data technologies will bring rich data types to agriculture. The application scene is continuously deepened to realize the big bang of the application innovation level, thereby promoting the continuous advancement of smart agriculture .
5G will bring the prosperity of the big data industry and the rapid growth of smart agriculture. The so-called smart agriculture is to apply the Internet of Things technology to traditional agriculture , and use sensors and software to control agricultural production through mobile platforms (such as mobile phones) or computer platforms, making traditional agriculture more intelligent. In layman's terms, it is to use equipment to collect data on the atmosphere, soil, crops, diseases and insect pests, etc. to guide agricultural production anytime, anywhere. Smart agriculture must rely on the Internet of Things technology, which is a network that enables all agricultural production equipment to achieve interconnection.
What we can currently imagine is that in the 5G era, the characteristics of the "Internet of Everything" of the Internet of Things can be completely liberated, and the types and numbers of sensors will rapidly increase and be universally commercialized. Application equipment such as networking will mature, and the level of automation, informatization, and intelligence in modern agriculture will be significantly improved, which will greatly help improve the efficiency of agricultural production management and the quality of agricultural products.
What are the application scenarios of 5G in agriculture and rural areas ?
Specifically, in agriculture and rural areas, what are the application scenarios of 5G? What changes will the existing industry bring?
1. Intelligent farming
At present, many greenhouses have begun to introduce intelligent devices. For example, using various sensors, the managers of the greenhouse can collect data about soil moisture, soil nutrients, carbon dioxide concentration, air humidity, and weather, and then through the wireless network, Transfer this data to a data center for analysis. Managers can just sit in front of the computer and check the production data of the crops, whether they are short of fertilizer and water, and what diseases and insect pests may occur. Based on the collected data, they can make corresponding countermeasures, and finally get more accurate and scientific management.
The 5G era is a combination of various advanced equipment and agriculture. Various probes or sensor equipment arranged on the farm will transmit the collected data to the data center, analyze it, and feed it back to each machine. For agricultural mechanization operations, for example, unmanned tractors can provide obstacle data to the administrator in real time and relocate the path; UAV flight defense can already collect basic information and data of various fields, and later can realize big data agricultural management ... In this case, managers can easily farm at home, making agricultural production more convenient.
In general, 5G will achieve less labor costs and more efficient planting efficiency, resulting in higher yields and higher profits.
Currently, the UK has covered 5G in many rural areas. In order to solve the problems of large-scale farm manpower being difficult to supervise, they recently released the 5G Smart Ranch Internet of Things plan, which uses 5G networks and installs leg sensors and collars on cows to understand the real-time information of cows. Users only need to use smart phones, Download the corresponding app to monitor cow status.
In fact, many pastoral areas in China have already implemented similar remote supervision. When getting on the 5G "fast train", in addition to the convenience of supervision, information such as breeding choices, growth status, diet optimization, and epidemic prevention of livestock can not only be grasped by the farmer for the first time, but also each species can be compared with the actual situation of the pasture Best feeding model.
In aquaculture , environmental indicators such as dissolved oxygen, pH, water temperature, ORP, ammonia nitrogen, and nitrite are directly related to the life and death of fish and shrimp. In the 5G era, by laying out smart IoT and other equipment in the water, farmers can obtain real-time water quality analysis, equipment operation status, fish and shrimp health status, yield forecast, breeding risk, etc. to increase breeding yield and prevent and control diseases, and maintain a good Aquaculture environment, build a sustainable recycling ecosystem .