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The system consists of an intelligent high-low pressure conversion intelligent irrigation system integrated with fertilizer, water and medicine , a pneumatic weeding and pruning system, and a pest control and security system. This system can be controlled manually or remotely by mobile phone or computer. The purpose of large-scale orchards to solve operations such as fertilizer and water medicine, pneumatic pruning, and weeding was achieved. By applying this key technology of the agricultural Internet of Things, a comprehensive Internet of Things service system supporting the development of modern agriculture will be built. Realized precise perception, accurate operation, and fine management, and promoted the improvement of intensive and large-scale management of agricultural production, which not only reduced agricultural production inputs, labor consumption, and costs, but also increased agricultural output, quality, and safety The price is increased, so as to obtain good economic, social and ecological benefits. 一手的气象、土壤、水肥、农药等因素的大量科研数据。 It also provides a large number of first-hand scientific research data for meteorological, soil, water, fertilizer, pesticide and other factors for scientific research in Miyi County.
I. Intelligent Irrigation System with High and Low Pressure Conversion
This system implements atomizing spraying through high-pressure pipelines, and organically combines with irrigation pipeline systems to achieve spray irrigation or drip irrigation. In response to the agricultural intensive production needs of Miyi Modern Agricultural Demonstration Park, this system uses advanced mobile remote intelligent control technology, and realizes complete intelligent wheel irrigation and spraying through solenoid valves on the intelligent control pipe network. Customers can check crop growth status and soil moisture real-time parameters in real-time through mobile phone APP, and can set three modes of timing, quantitative and intelligent irrigation through the IoT cloud platform. The amount of fertilization and water application, water quality, environmental data, and long-term storage cloud platform provide a reliable basis for customer crop quality positioning.
System implementation functions
1 Remotely achieve online collection of soil moisture (soil temperature and humidity ), and set upper and lower limits of soil moisture at the platform end, which can realize intelligent irrigation;
2 Remote irrigation can be realized through the mobile terminal APP to open the solenoid valve and fertilizer applicator in the park;
3 Small-scale environment small-scale meteorological data collection, data storage, remote viewing, export and other functions;
4 Remote video image viewing, so that farmers do not need to go to the site to check the growth status of the pupae and observe the pests and diseases;
5 Pneumatic weeding, pruning, pesticide application, fertilization, micro-spraying, biogas slurry recycling;
6 The display system projects the park's video images and environmental parameters onto the computer room display TV;
7 You can query the login account of any connected PC on the platform side, video monitoring in the park, soil moisture, small climate data, and remote control of irrigation.
This system has the following advantages:
1 Water-saving, fertilizer-saving, medicine-saving, labor-saving, labor-saving: This system uses high-pressure atomization and spraying, and makes the fertilizer and water reach the root system directly. It can save 80% manpower and 50% fertilizer and pesticide;
2 High-pressure fertilizing gun to solve drought-resistance in dry season;
3 Effectively control soil temperature and humidity;
4 Maintain soil structure;
5 Improve quality, increase production and efficiency;
6 Pneumatic mixing tank, fertilizer is always output uniformly;
7 Pneumatic cleaning of the pipe network prevents clogging and prolongs the service life of the system;
8 The soluble fertilizer is intelligently controlled by the intelligent fertilizer dispenser to control the proportion of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium according to demand;
9 Remote control realizes the integration of fertilizer, water and medicine.
High pressure spray
Remote video viewing
2. Pneumatic weeding and pruning system
Pneumatic weeding pruning
This system uses the high-pressure (high value 30KG) airflow generated by the air compressor as the power source of the pneumatic tools, transports the airflow to the park through the high-pressure pipe network, and installs quick joints between the parks; The mobile phone APP is used to control the pneumatic solenoid valve to perform pneumatic operations. The system significantly improves labor efficiency and reduces labor costs.
System implementation functions:
1 When the water and fertilizer medicine operation is carried out in the pump room, the airflow can be used to provide agitation to the pool, so that no precipitation of the fertilizer medicine occurs during spraying or drip irrigation, and the fertilizer medicine liquid is evenly transported out.
2 Provide power for weeding, pruning or fruit picking.
Deep fertilization and pneumatic loosening:
Existing deep-till tillage machines have not been able to achieve deep application of a large amount of base fertilizer. Deep-fertilization is used to apply formula fertilizer into the soil at one time in accordance with agronomic requirements to provide nutrients for different periods of the crop to meet the nutritional needs of the growth and development stage.
System implementation functions:
1 Improve farmland fertilizer supply capacity
2 Improve soil water storage and aeration performance
3 Promote soil microbial activities and accelerate mineralization of soil organic matter
4 Increase effective nutrient supply
5 Small amount of soil to ensure that the soil in the plough layer is not chaotic and effectively reform the soil permeability