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年，贯彻落实中央农村工作会议、中央1号文件和全国“ 两会 ”精神，围绕实施乡村振兴战略，深入推进农业供给侧结构性改革，国家将继续加大支农投入，强化项目统筹整合，加快推进农业农村现代化。 In 2019 , we will implement the spirit of the Central Rural Work Conference, Central Document No. 1 and the " two sessions " of the country , and focus on the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy to further promote the structural reform of the supply side of agriculture . The state will continue to increase investment in agricultural support and strengthen project integration. Accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas . In order to make it easier for farmers and all sectors of the society to understand the national policy of strengthening agriculture and benefiting agriculture, and to play a role of policy guidance, the main agricultural support policies implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Finance in 2019 are now released as follows.
Development and circulation of agricultural production
耕地地力保护补贴。 1. Farmland fertility protection subsidies. The subsidy object is in principle farmers who have the right to contract farmland. The subsidy funds are directly cashed to the households through "one card (discount) pass" and other forms. Provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) continue to follow the requirements of the “Notice of the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Agriculture on Comprehensively Launching the Reform of the" Three Subsidies "for Agriculture (Cai Nong  No. 26), and specifically determine the subsidy objects and subsidies in accordance with local conditions. Methods, subsidy standards, maintaining policy continuity and stability, and ensuring that the majority of farmers benefit directly. Encourage innovative ways and methods in various places, and use green ecology as the guide to explore the mechanism of linking subsidies to the implementation of responsibilities for the protection of cultivated land, and guide farmers to consciously improve the fertility of cultivated land.
农机购置补贴。 2. Agricultural machinery purchase subsidies. The provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) select and determine the types of subsidized machinery in the province within the scope of subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery by the central government. Subsidies are required to increase the use of livestock and poultry manure resources and equipment. Treat agricultural products at home and abroad equally. The subsidy amount is calculated based on the average market sales price of the products in the same file in the previous year, and in principle, the calculated ratio shall not exceed 30%.
优势特色主导产业发展。 3. Advantages and characteristics dominate the development of the industry. Focusing on leading industries with regional advantages and characteristics, we will focus on the development of a small but sophisticated cluster of characteristic industries, and demonstrate and guide the development of one village, one product, one town, one specialty, and one county and one industry. Select 200 geographical indication agricultural products with distinctive geographical characteristics, potential for development, and high market recognition for protection and improvement. Implement green agriculture, high-efficiency and characteristic agricultural promotion projects, and form a group of agricultural industrial clusters based on the industrial chain of green agricultural product production, processing, distribution, and sales, which integrates technological innovation, leisure tourism, and planting and breeding. The relevant provinces undertaking the task will be supported by a unified arrangement from the budget issued by the central government.
国家现代农业产业园 。 4. National Modern Agricultural Industrial Park . Based on the advantageous characteristic industries, we will build a modernized agricultural industrial cluster relying on large-scale planting and breeding bases, driven by industrialized leading enterprises, gathering modern production factors, and "production + processing + technology". In 2019, we will continue to create a number of national modern agricultural industrial parks . We will select a group of national modern agricultural industrial parks in order to improve their infrastructure and public service capabilities. Each province (autonomous region, municipality directly under the Central Government) is responsible for the establishment work. The central government will arrange part of the subsidy funds that meet the requirements for establishment. After the approval of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Finance, some bonus funds will be arranged as appropriate.
农业产业强镇示范。 5. Demonstration of a strong town in the agricultural industry. Taking rural towns with active rural economy and obvious characteristics of rural industries as carriers, taking industrial integration and development as the path, cultivating rural economy and rural industries, standardizing and expanding production and operation entities, innovating farmers' interest linkage sharing mechanism, and building a group of industries that are prosperous, economically prosperous, A green, beautiful, and livable agricultural industry town. The central government supports this by arranging bonus funds.
信息进村入户整省推进示范。 6. Information enters villages and households to promote demonstration in the whole province. In 2019, Tianjin, Hebei, Fujian, Shandong, Hunan, Guangxi, Yunnan and other 7 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) will be supported for demonstration. Speed up the construction and operation of the Yi Nong Information Society, and build and repair the "information expressway" that covers the countryside, bases on agriculture, and serves farmers as soon as possible. Information enters villages and households and adopts market-oriented construction operations, and the central government provides a one-time bonus.
奶业振兴行动。 7. Dairy revitalization action. It mainly supports the development of forage grasses that restrict the development of the dairy industry, the development of family ranches and dairy cooperatives. Accelerate the development of grass husbandry, actively promote the conversion of grain to feed, vigorously develop the production of forages such as alfalfa, silage corn, and oat grass, and increase the output and quality of fresh milk. Priority and support will be given to the development of family farms, dairy cooperatives, etc. of dairy farmers in the cultivation of new business entities, and the establishment of a milk source base. The relevant provinces undertaking the task will be supported by a unified arrangement from the budget issued by the central government.
畜牧良种推广。 8. Livestock breeding promotion. In Inner Mongolia, Sichuan and other 8 major grassland and pastoral provinces, subsidies are provided to beef cattle farms (communities and households) that use artificial semen for artificial insemination in the project area, as well as farmers that can breed ewes and yaks to breed cows. Encourage and support the promotion and application of excellent breeding pigs and semen to accelerate the improvement of pig breeds. In Heilongjiang, Jiangsu and other 10 bee owner-producing provinces, implement bee industry quality improvement actions and support the construction of efficient and excellent bee industry development demonstration zones. The relevant provinces undertaking the task will be supported by a unified arrangement from the budget issued by the central government.
主要作物绿色高质高效行动。 9. Green, high-quality and efficient action on major crops. Highlight the three major grains of rice, wheat, and corn, and oil crops such as soybeans and rapeseed, peanuts, integrate and promote the "full link" green high-quality and efficient technical model, and explore the construction of a "full-process" social service system and a "full industrial chain" production model The radiation has promoted the "wide county" production level to increase and increase the supply of green and excellent agricultural products. The relevant provinces undertaking the task will be supported by a unified arrangement from the budget issued by the central government.
农业生产社会化服务。 10. Socialized services for agricultural production. Support rural collective economic organizations, specialized agricultural service organizations, service farmer cooperatives, supply and marketing cooperatives and other entities that have the ability and can provide effective and stable services, and provide agricultural technology promotion and land custody for farmers engaged in the production of important agricultural products such as grain, cotton, oil, and sugar. Agricultural production services such as farming and planting, controlling and controlling, drying and storage. The government will provide appropriate subsidies to reduce the service prices of farmers.
农机深松整地。 11. Agricultural machinery subsoil preparation. Support the suitable areas to carry out agricultural machinery deep-soil preparation operations, the national operating area of more than 140 million acres, the operating depth is generally required to reach or exceed 25 cm, breaking the plow floor. The relevant provinces undertaking the task will be supported by a unified arrangement from the budget issued by the central government. The four northeastern provinces and autonomous regions of Guangxi and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region may, according to the actual needs of agricultural production, carry out subsidies for deep turning (deep farming) operations in suitable areas.
耕地轮作休耕制度试点。 12. Pilot of crop rotation and fallow system. In 2019, the central government will support a pilot area of 30 million mu for crop rotation. Among them, 25 million acres of crop rotation trials were implemented mainly in soybean, peanut, and rapeseed production areas in the northeast cold and cold regions, northern farming-pastoral interlaced areas, the Huanghuaihai region, and the Yangtze River basin. The fallow trials of 5 million acres were mainly in groundwater over-exploitation areas, Implemented in heavy metal pollution areas, rocky desertification areas in the southwest, and areas with severe ecological degradation in the northwest.
产粮大县奖励。 13. Incentives for large grain production counties. Incentives are given to the implementation of provinces that meet the requirements for regular grain-producing counties, super-grain-producing counties, oil-producing counties, commercial grain-producing counties, and seed-producing counties. Conventional grain-producing large county incentive funds are used as general transfer payments and are arranged by the county-level people's government; other incentive funds are used to support the development of the grain and oil industry in accordance with relevant regulations.
生猪（牛羊）调出大县奖励。 14. Live pigs (cow and sheep) transfer out big county rewards. Including live pig transfers to big county rewards, cattle and sheep transfers to big county rewards and provincial-level unified reward funds. The county-level incentive fund for pigs and the county-level incentive fund for cattle and sheep shall be coordinated by the county-level people ’s government to support the county ’s production of pigs (cow and sheep) and the industrial development. The provincial-level overall incentive funds shall be coordinated by the provincial-level people ’s government. Arranged to support the production, circulation and industrial development of live pigs (cow and sheep) in this province (autonomous regions and municipalities).
玉米、大豆和稻谷生产者补贴。 15. Maize, soybean and rice producer subsidies. Implement corn and soybean producer subsidies in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia. The central government will allocate subsidies for corn and soybean producers to provinces and autonomous regions, and local governments will formulate specific subsidy implementation measures, clarify subsidy standards, subsidy targets, and subsidy bases, and be responsible for paying subsidy funds to corn and soybean producers. In order to support the deepening of the reform of the rice harvesting and storage system and the price formation mechanism, and to ensure that farmers' income from grain production is basically stable, the state continues to provide appropriate subsidies to the major rice-producing provinces.
Protection and utilization of agricultural resources
草原生态保护补助奖励。 16. Grassland ecological protection subsidies and rewards. In eight provinces (autonomous regions) including Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Yunnan, Tibet, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang, and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, implementation of grazing ban subsidies and grass-animal balance rewards; Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, and Heilongjiang The Provincial General Bureau of Land Reclamation implements a "package" policy and performance evaluation rewards, and the supplementary funds can be used for the grassland ecological protection construction in semi-pastoral and county counties of the country's pastoral areas.
渔业增殖放流。 17. Fishery enhancement and release. Carry out fisheries enhancement and release in watersheds such as rivers and lakes, rivers and rivers, and severely degraded resources, to promote the restoration or increase of fishery populations, improve and optimize the fishery population structure in waters, and achieve sustainable fishery development.
渔业发展与船舶报废拆解更新补助。 18. Fisheries development and ship scrapping dismantling and renewal subsidies. In accordance with the requirements for balanced and coordinated development of marine fishing intensity and resource regeneration capacity, support fishermen's reduction of ship production and artificial reef construction, and promote the restoration of the fishery ecological environment. Adapt to the new situation of modernization and specialization of fishery development, and under the premise of strictly controlling the "dual control" indicators of the number of marine fishing vessels and power, and not increasing the fishing intensity, there are plans to upgrade and standardize with good selectivity, energy efficiency, safety and environmental protection. Fishing boat. At the same time, we will support public infrastructure such as the promotion of deep-water cages and navigation marks for fishing ports to improve the basic conditions for fishery development.
长江流域水域禁捕补偿。 19. Compensation for arrests in the Yangtze River Basin. The central government has adopted a combination of one-time subsidies and transitional subsidies to support the ban on arrests in the waters of the Yangtze River to promote the restoration of aquatic biological resources and the restoration of the ecological environment of waters. Among them, the one-time subsidy is used by the local government in combination with the actual situation to recover the fishing rights of the fishermen and scrap the dedicated production equipment, and is directly distributed to eligible fishermen who have retired. The subsidy during the transition period is used by the localities for work related to the arrest directly, such as propaganda and mobilization of the arrest, rewards for early withdrawal, strengthening of law enforcement management, and emergency response to emergencies.
果菜茶有机肥替代化肥行动。 20. Fruit, vegetable, tea, organic fertilizer alternative to fertilizer action. Support farmers and new agricultural operators to use the organic fertilizer produced by the utilization of livestock and poultry manure resources, focus on the promotion of technical models such as compost return to the field, commercial organic fertilizer application, return of biogas residues to the field, and natural grass cover, and explore a batch of " Production and operation models such as fruit marsh animals, vegetable marsh animals, and tea marsh animals, promote the improvement of fruit and vegetable tea quality and resource recycling.
农作物秸秆综合利用试点。 21. Pilot of comprehensive utilization of crop straw. Promote the whole county throughout the country, adhere to the priority of agricultural use and diversified utilization, cultivate a group of industrialized utilization subjects, and create a batch of sample counties with full utilization. Stimulate the vitality of market players in various fields, such as returning straw to the field, leaving the field, processing and utilization, and explore technical lines, models, and mechanisms that can be promoted and sustainable for comprehensive utilization of straw.
畜禽粪污资源化处理。 22. Livestock and poultry manure resource treatment. Support large livestock farming counties to carry out the utilization of livestock manure waste resources, and achieve full coverage of the entire county for the utilization of manure waste resources in the large livestock farming counties. In accordance with the principles of government support, business entities, and market-oriented operations, with local and rural energy and agricultural organic fertilizers as the main utilization methods, new (expanded) construction of livestock and poultry manure collection and utilization facilities, and regional manure The centralized sewage treatment center and large-scale biogas project will realize the large-scale farms to realize the treatment and resource utilization of manure and sewage, and form an industrial pattern that combines farming and animal husbandry and the cycle of planting and breeding.
地膜回收利用。 23. Plastic film recycling. In Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Xinjiang, we support 100 counties and counties to promote the recycling of used mulch film and encourage other regions to explore independently. Support the establishment and improvement of waste mulch film recycling and processing systems, the establishment of recycling mechanisms for business entities, professional organization recycling, processing company recycling, and replacement of old and new methods, and explore the "who produces, who recycles" extension of the responsibility of plastic film producers .
地下水超采综合治理。 24. Comprehensive treatment of groundwater over-exploitation. Mainly in Heilonggang Basin of Hebei Province, carry out the adjustment of planting structure with fallow, promote the integration of water and fertilizer, rainwater in facility sheds, measure irrigation, drought-resistant and water-saving varieties and other agronomic water-saving measures, and establish semi-fall fallow for rainfed crops system.
重金属污染耕地综合治理。 25. Comprehensive management of heavy metal pollution of cultivated land. Mainly in the Chang-Zhu-Tan area of Hunan Province, strengthen the monitoring of production areas and heavy metals in products, promote VIP (safety utilization of polluted farmland technology models such as variety replacement, irrigation water purification, and pH adjustment), and explore reproducible and scalable safe use of polluted farmland mode. Promote the adjustment of planting structure and implement the pilot program of fallow farmland.
高标准农田建设 。 26. High standard farmland construction . In 2019, in accordance with the five unified requirements of “unified planning and layout, unified construction standards, unified organization and implementation, unified acceptance and assessment, and unified storage of maps”, more than 80 million mu of high-standard farmland will be constructed nationwide, and will be provided to the food production functional area. 2. The production and protection areas of important agricultural products are inclined. In terms of construction content, in accordance with the "General Principles for the Construction of High-Standard Farmland", mainly focusing on land leveling, soil improvement, farmland water conservancy, machine-tilled roads, farmland power transmission and distribution equipment, etc., promote the "adequate mechanization" of cultivated land and strengthen agricultural infrastructure construction. To improve the comprehensive agricultural production capacity and implement the strategy of "storing grain on the ground and hiding grain on technology".
东北黑土地保护利用。 27. Black land protection and utilization in Northeast China. It will be implemented in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia four provinces (regions), establish a centralized continuous demonstration area, and focus on displaying a number of black land protection and utilization models. Support the development of technical measures and engineering measures to control black soil loss, increase soil organic matter content, water and fertilizer conservation, black soil conservation, and cultivated land quality monitoring and evaluation. Encourage new agricultural operators and social service organizations to undertake implementation tasks.
Agricultural science and technology talent support
农民合作社和家庭农场能力建设。 28. Capacity building of farmer cooperatives and family farms. Support the high-quality development of demonstration cooperatives of farmers 'cooperatives above the county level and farmers' cooperatives, and cultivate a large number of moderate-sized family farms. Support farmer cooperatives and family farms to build primary processing facilities such as clean packaging, cold storage, and drying, and carry out "three products and one standard", brand building, etc., to improve product quality and safety levels and market competitiveness.
农业信贷担保服务。 29. Agricultural credit guarantee services. It mainly serves family farms, farmer cooperatives, agricultural socialization service organizations, small and micro agricultural enterprises, and other moderately large-scale agricultural operators. Give full play to the role of the national agricultural credit guarantee system, focusing on agricultural and forestry specialty industries such as food production, animal husbandry, aquaculture , vegetables, fruits and tea, agricultural socialization services such as agricultural resources, agricultural machinery, and agricultural technology, farmland infrastructure, and rural primary, secondary, and tertiary industries Integrative development, targeted poverty alleviation projects, new rural businesses such as family leisure agriculture and tourism agriculture . Support local governments to take guarantee subsidies, business awards, and other methods to reduce the financing costs of moderate-scale operating entities and solve the problems of financing difficulties and expensive financing for agricultural operating entities.
新型职业农民培育。 30. Cultivation of new professional farmers. We will use agricultural professional managers, modern young farmers, leaders in rural practical talents, backbones of new agricultural business entities, and poverty alleviation targets in the agricultural industry as the main training targets to improve their production skills and management level. Support competent farmers' cooperatives, professional and technical associations, and agricultural leading enterprises to undertake training.
基层农技推广体系改革与建设。 31. Reform and construction of grassroots agricultural technology extension system. Support agricultural counties with high willingness to implement and complete tasks to undertake the task of system reform and construction, strengthen the construction of rural and township service systems, improve the service capabilities and levels of grass-roots agricultural technicians, and promote the application of a group of safe, cost-effective and green development Major technology models. We will implement a special employment plan for agricultural technology extension services in poor areas, recruit a group of specially-appointed agricultural technicians from agricultural and rural experts, experts in planting and breeding, technical backbones of new agricultural business entities, and front-line service personnel in scientific research and teaching units to provide strong support for industrial poverty reduction.
Agricultural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
农业生产救灾。 32. Disaster relief in agricultural production. The central finance shall provide appropriate subsidies for the prevention and control of major natural and biological disasters in agriculture, emergency response and post-disaster restoration of production. The scope of support includes subsidies for materials and materials required for the prevention of major natural disasters in agriculture and prevention and control of biological disasters, subsidies for materials and materials required for the restoration of agricultural production measures, innocuous treatment of dead animals after a disaster, and grass storage sheds for disaster prevention and livestock protection in pastoral areas. (Storage), livestock sheds and emergency forage subsidies.
动物疫病防控。 33. Animal Disease Prevention and Control. The central government subsidies the compulsory immunization, compulsory culling, and harmless treatment of animal diseases. Funds for compulsory immunization subsidies are mainly used for the procurement, storage, injection (feeding) of compulsory immunization vaccines (anthelmintic drugs), such as foot-and-mouth disease, highly pathogenic avian influenza, small ruminant disease, brucellosis, hydatid disease, and monitoring of immune effects. Evaluation, personnel protection and other related prevention and control work, as well as subsidies for the implementation and purchase of animal epidemic prevention services. In the process of preventing, controlling and extinguishing animal diseases, the state will compensate the owners of animals that have been compulsorily culled, and the subsidy shall be borne by the central and local governments. The state supports the harmless treatment of sick and dead pigs in the breeding process, and the local governments shall, in accordance with relevant requirements and in accordance with local conditions, improve the harmless treatment subsidy policy, and do a good job of harmless treatment in the breeding process.
农业保险保费补贴。 34. Agricultural insurance premium subsidies. On the basis of autonomous local finance and voluntary share of subsidies, the central finance provides rice, wheat, corn, cotton, potato, oil crops, sugar crops, fertile sows, dairy cows, fattening pigs, forests, barley, yak, Tibetan Sheep and rubber, as well as rice, wheat, and corn seed insurance, provide premium subsidy support. Farmers' self-payment premiums generally do not exceed 20%. Continue to carry out and expand agricultural disaster insurance pilots. The level of protection covers “direct materialized costs + land rent”, and the protection targets cover moderately-sized business entities and small farmers in the pilot areas. Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Anhui, Shandong, Henan, and Hubei include 6 The provinces (autonomous regions) each selected four major grain-producing counties to continue the pilot program of full-cost insurance and income insurance for the three major food crops, with the level of protection covering "direct materialized costs + land rent + labor costs"; the central government initiated the implementation of local advantageous and characteristic agricultural product insurance. Award make-up pilot.
农村人居环境整治整体推进。 35. The overall improvement of rural human settlements has been promoted. Implement the "Three-year Action Plan for the Improvement of the Rural Human Settlement Environment", and mainly support the county-wide improvement of the rural human settlement environment in the central and western regions, and promote the treatment of rural domestic garbage, domestic sewage, toilet manure, and village appearance. Promotion and other tasks to speed up the shortcomings of rural human settlements environmental infrastructure construction.
农村人居环境整治先进县奖励。 36. Advanced County Reward for Rural Habitat Improvement. Implement the spirit of the "Three-year Action Plan for the Improvement of Rural Human Settlement Environment" and the "Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Further Increasing Incentives and Support to Really Significant and Effective Work Places" (State Council issued 2018 ) in accordance with the spirit of The Measures for the Implementation of Incentive Measures for the Improvement of Human Settlement Environment evaluate the provinces' efforts to improve the rural settlement environment and determine the list of counties to be recommended and encouraged. When the central government allocates funds for the transfer of annual comprehensive rural reforms, it will give appropriate support to counties with significant results in the improvement of rural human settlements.
农村“厕所革命”整村推进。 37. The rural "toilet revolution" is advancing throughout the village. The central finance arranges special awards and supplementary funds to support and guide local governments to take administrative villages as a unit, overall planning and design, and overall organization and launch, to simultaneously implement household toilet renovation, public facilities supporting construction, and establish and improve the later management and protection mechanism. The percentage of sanitation toilets in the administrative villages should be above 85% in principle. The subsidy funds mainly support the construction of facilities for the collection, storage, transportation, and utilization of manure and the subsequent improvement of management and protection capabilities, as well as the reconstruction of household toilets. Reward and compensation standards and methods are determined by localities in combination with actual conditions.