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Definition of quasi- scale family pig farms : Generally refers to the number of sows that are self-produced and self-raised from 30 to 100 per year, with family members as the main labor force, and appropriately equipped with several hired workers, without a fixed full-time technician or Technical director.
Scale is the trend. Family pig farms are the mainstream in China. Of course, no matter who they are, they must have strong technology. Strong technology is always more important than strong capital.
In the future, China ’s pig industry will no longer just blindly seek large-scale development. Moderate scale will be the focus of future development and a guiding requirement at the social and national levels. The meaning of "moderate", its following characteristics determine its super vitality.
、抗市场风险能力更强 1. Stronger ability to resist market risks
This is not to say how strong the financial strength of a quasi-scale family pig farm is, but that a pig farm of this size is better able to control funds. Take a quasi-scale family pig farm with 60 sows as an example. If the breeding, pregnancy, lactation, and weaning of the sows can be done to the fattening pigs, the average is every month, that is to say, there are 1/6 of the 60 sows in each half of the month. In this way, it can also maintain that there are always 10 fattening pigs provided by sows to be slaughtered every month, which means that 100 fattening pigs are slaughtered every month. Even if the current loss of 300 yuan / head, a loss of about 30,000 a month, this will not be a fatal blow to a quasi-scale family pig farm that has been in operation for many years, let alone such a pig farm has been doing well in the past. Shi should have accumulated financial strength.
As long as the quasi-scale family pig farm does not concentrate 600 pigs in the market within one month, or hold the market for several months, this is how the market can be maintained for 7-8 months without risking too much capital breakage. Of course, the previous question is that the production level of such a quasi-scale family pig farm is not bad, and it has accumulated profitable funds in the past few years.
、更加有助于追求精细化管理 2 , more conducive to the pursuit of refined management
The owner of a family pig farm often has multiple identities such as a breeder and a technician. They always stick to the front line of pig farming and can timely detect problems on the farm, so as to make accurate and rapid management of the farm to achieve better results. Farming level. Compared with a large-scale pig farm with complicated personnel affairs, the problem is often found and solved because of the responsibility of the parties and the management settings, and the decision-making boss does not control the truth of the problem, resulting in inadequate management. As a result, the problem of pig farms is frequent, and the management level is worse than that of family pig farms.
、成本控制能力强 3. Strong cost control ability
At present, one of the major costs of pig farming is the labor cost. Due to the modest size of family pig farms, there is no need for a large number of breeders, and often they are breeders themselves, which saves labor costs. In addition, for example, they do not have expenses such as site lease expenses, and there is no high loan interest.
、生产指标易提高 4 , easy to increase production indicators
The quasi-scale family pig farm is a “boss” who always sticks to the front line of production. They keep piglets as their sons and sows as their wives. Their investment is their own family. They cannot afford it. Therefore, it was decided that they could carefully raise pigs well, and the production index could not be worse. We can sum it up: it is better to raise more than to raise it. Compared with small pig farms, the benefits of large-scale pig farms are not proportional to the scale, and even have opposite results.
、鲜销 5 , fresh sales
Chinese people like fresh meat. Only the nearest slaughter can keep the freshness. Only the nearest can reduce the intermediate links and reduce the transportation cost. It is estimated that there are no three or five pigs in the big pig farm.