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Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs officially launched the 2019 National Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Routine Monitoring (Risk Monitoring) Plan, which requires adherence to the problem-oriented and bottom-line thinking, strengthening the awareness of concerns, giving full play to the "radar" role of risk monitoring, and further adjusting and improving the monitoring plan , Improve sampling methods, strengthen monitoring and early warning and risk prevention and control, and strengthen the scientific and targeted nature of monitoring.
It is reported that the monitoring plan highlights "three adjustments". The first is to improve random sampling. The sample city was fixed from the original provincial capital city and the other two prefecture-level cities within a year to a fixed provincial capital city, and the other two prefecture-level cities were randomly determined quarterly. To strengthen random sampling of production bases, each monitoring prefecture-level city is required to provide a list of bases that is twice as many as the number of sampling bases in principle, and randomly selected by sampling personnel. The second is to increase the proportion of "three fronts" sampling. Production bases (planting and breeding bases, farmer specialized cooperatives, family farms, etc.), production vehicles, holding ponds, slaughterhouses, etc. (three fronts) (from the cultivation and breeding of edible agricultural products to entering the wholesale, retail market, or production and processing enterprises) The sampling ratio was increased from 27.0% in 2018 to 50% in 2019, and production guidance was strengthened. The third is to increase the banned drug parameters. Based on the adjustment of the monitoring parameter increase of 29.8% in 2018, 8 prohibited veterinary drug parameters were added to livestock and poultry products and aquatic products, and the monitoring parameter was increased to 130, an increase of 6.6%. The monitored varieties are still spot-checked for fresh agricultural products with a large daily consumption of 5 categories, such as vegetables , fruits, tea, livestock and poultry products, and aquatic products, with 43,700 samples of about 110 varieties.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas started the routine monitoring of agricultural product quality and safety in the Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Shenzhen cities in 2001, after continuous improvement, it has formed a relatively mature routine monitoring system to detect hidden problems, carry out early warning of risks, and strengthen Risk prevention and control, organizational risk assessment, and strengthening of law enforcement supervision provide strong technical support. The results have become the main indicators for assessing the quality and safety of agricultural products in China and the important basis for government decision-making at all levels. In 2019, the national agricultural product quality and safety routine monitoring (risk monitoring) work will continue to adhere to the "six systems", including off-site sampling inspection system, re-inspection system, ability verification system, consultation system, results notification system and follow-up inspection and linkage system.