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The development of the Internet of Things is not only a major change in information technology, but also plays an inestimable role in the construction and development of future smart cities.
In the construction of smart cities, the Internet of Things is one of the key technologies, which is related to intelligent municipal management, intelligent agricultural gardens, intelligent medical, intelligent buildings, intelligent transportation, intelligent tourism, and other intelligent applications. aspect. To put it simply, the Internet has created the Internet of Things under the combination of communication networks, so its application has also become an extension and extension of the Internet.
In the Internet of Things technology , devices with sensing capabilities can be responsible for sensing and recognizing various types of information in the physical world, and through the interactive transmission function with the Internet, information and connections between people and things can be smoothly connected to complete reality. Full control of the world.
With the emergence and development of the Internet of Things technology, China's urban development model is gradually moving towards the direction of smart cities. Smart cities are also considered as a complex that integrates various integrated Internet of Things application industries, and it mainly adopts Internet of Things technology. Complete the important task of sensing and controlling the city. Under the Internet of Things technology, smart cities can store and calculate massive amounts of data information in a more intelligent way, so that whether it is production technology, cultural life, or other aspects of the city, it can be more intelligent, thereby promoting sustainable development of the city.
Recently, the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration and the China National Standardization Administration have jointly released six national standards including the "Smart City Information Technology Operation Guide" and "Smart City-oriented Internet of Things Technology Application Guide" in the smart city field. The national standards released this time are closely related to the theme of "International Standards and the Fourth Industrial Revolution" of World Standards Day on October 14 this year, including national standards in many fields such as smart cities, information security, and circular economy.
A smart city is a complex system involving many technologies such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data . At present, many cities in China are building or planning to build smart cities, but due to the lack of unified standards, various departments and systems of the city are independently constructed and segmented, forming various types of "data islands." The implementation of this new national standard will provide theoretical foundations and technical support for the construction of smart city information technology, help to achieve the standardization of data resources, help to sort out the key functional elements of the construction of the smart city's Internet of Things system, and overall the system construction Guidance to improve the level and quality of smart city informatization construction.
The Smart City-Oriented IoT Technology Application Guide (hereinafter referred to as the "Guide") is applicable to the planning, design and implementation of IoT systems in smart cities, and will be formally implemented on May 1, 2019. The "Guide" gives the standards of the IoT reference architecture for smart cities, and specifies the composition of each functional domain of the IoT system in smart cities and the IT (information technology) infrastructure that supports the realization of domain functions.