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One year ago, the Party Central Committee focused on the overall cause of the party and the state, proposed the implementation of the strategy for the revitalization of the countryside , made major decisions and arrangements for the work of " agriculture , rural areas and farmers ", and painted a beautiful blueprint for the modernization of agriculture and rural areas . Over the past year, the rural revitalization strategy has been implemented and started well, with high agricultural yields, increased farmers' income, and harmonious rural areas, and the "three rural" cause has ushered in unprecedented development opportunities.
Villages become investment hotspots
Right now, it is the harvest season of grains and fruits, and Guangxi Tianchou is full of hope. Data show that all kinds of capital are full of enthusiasm for investing in agriculture and rural areas. Since the beginning of this year, the growth rate of fixed asset investment in the primary industry has continued to lead the secondary and tertiary industries. At present, a total of 7.4 million people are returning to rural areas for “double creation”, and there are more than 9.8 million rural online businesses across the country, driving more than 28 million people in employment. The promotion of policies from various regions to rural areas has opened the door for all kinds of talents to flow to the countryside, and more and more people are optimistic about rural development. Lu Baifu, former deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, said that rural revitalization is becoming an attractive option in China's industrial expansion.
Many comrades engaged in the work of "agriculture, rural areas, and farmers" said that there is a roadmap for rural rejuvenation. The Strategic Plan for Rural Rejuvenation (2018-2022) clarified the key tasks for the next five years, proposed three binding indicators and 19 expected indicators, and established the rural revitalization index system for the first time.
The key to the success of rural affairs lies with the party. Responsibility systems for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization have been established in various places. Party and government leaders are the first responsible persons. Nearly 20 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities throughout the country have set up leading groups for the implementation of rural revitalization strategies, and some provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities have set up rural revitalization offices. Various regions have sent village task forces to poor villages, weak scattered villages, and weak collective economic villages.
Priority is given to the development of agriculture and rural areas and priority to financial protection. In the three-year expenditure plan prepared by the Ministry of Finance from 2018 to 2020, it was emphasized that stable funding guarantees should be provided for the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. At present, the Ministry of Finance is working hard to formulate special plans to speed up and improve the mechanism and policies for the distribution and use of land value-added income, and to expand channels for raising funds. Ye Zhenqin, deputy governor of Guangdong Province, said that Guangdong ’s fiscal arrangement this year was 61.68 billion yuan to support the implementation of rural development, an increase of 125.9% over the previous year.
Accelerate the transformation of agricultural production
Agricultural Internet of Things , rural e-commerce, shared agriculture, creative agriculture ... In many villages, the magic of "Internet +" agriculture is accompanied by the fragrance of rural entrepreneurship and innovation, making agricultural management more diverse and intensive Higher level. Many new business formats and models have penetrated into the entire rural industrial chain, allowing people to see more exciting agricultural interpretations. Everyone finds that the function of agriculture is also changing, from maintaining supply in the past to maintaining supply, ecology and income.
On the map, Dingnan, Jiangxi is just a small county town in the south of Ganzhou. And overlooking Dingnan from a height, it is a kind of idyllic scenery: a patch of Qibai base, a navel orange orchard that can not be seen at a glance, lush camellia ... the green development of agriculture, letting the mountains and rivers flow with hope. Came to the Camellia oleifera base of Zhong Aihua's home in the tea garden group of Chishui Village, Lishi Town. A scented Camellia oleifera tree with lush green leaves. "The camellia garden not only produces camellia oil, but also a natural park. People in the city like to come here for sightseeing." Zhong Aihua said.
Agricultural green development stands at a new starting point. The data shows that the delineation of pigs in China is basically completed, with a cumulative reduction of 34 million heads; the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides continues to decline, and the utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure resources exceeds 60%. The rate is over 90%. The supply of high-quality agricultural products has increased significantly, and the overall sampling pass rate of routine monitoring of agricultural product quality and safety has remained above 97%.
With the advancement of modern agriculture , the income protection function of rural industries has continued to highlight. Since the beginning of this year, the income growth rate of rural residents nationwide has continued to be higher than that of urban areas, and the income of farmers in poverty-stricken areas has continued to exceed the national average. The production and operation of farmers are continuously expanding to the secondary and tertiary industries such as processing and distribution, leisure agriculture and rural tourism . The operating income from the secondary and tertiary industries accounts for 49.8%. Industrial poverty reduction and e-commerce poverty alleviation progressed steadily. The growth rate of per capita disposable income of rural residents in poor areas reached 10.6%, 1.8 percentage points higher than the national average.
Rural reform develops in depth
Walking into Ganwang Village, Gaoqing County, Shandong, one can see that the new administrative village formed by the merger of 5 administrative villages has taken on a new look. The unique rural production and living elements such as Xingru Grain Professional Cooperative, Yanhuang Museum, LED Cultural Square are displayed in front of it. The village party branch secretary Ru Hui said: "These public facilities will be put into use from this spring, and the living conditions of the masses will be greatly changed. Prior to the village merger and the reform of rural collective property rights, ordinary people would not even think of such good things.
Since the beginning of this year, the pilot reform of the rural collective property rights system has been carried out in 3 whole provinces, 50 whole land cities and 150 whole counties, and more than 130,000 village groups have completed reforms. The number of pilot counties for the verification and verification of collective assets has increased to 1,000. It is expected that by the end of 2019, the household assets of rural collective assets in the country will be fully identified. Han Jun, deputy director of the Central Agricultural Office, believes that the problems of vacant rural collective property rights and unclear accounts still exist in some places and urgently need to be resolved. Full implementation of asset verification and capital verification will systematically curb “micro-corruption” and allow rural collective assets to truly operate in the sun.
At present, the registration and certification of rural contracted land has entered the final stage, and the number of new agricultural operators has continued to grow, with more than 3 million. The reform of agricultural reclamation has been progressing steadily. 52.3% of the farms have completed the task of reforming social functions, and the land issuance rate has reached 40.7%. Various localities have further improved the policies for facility agricultural land, and explored the use of idle construction land in rural areas to develop new rural industries and new formats. A series of major reforms related to agricultural and rural development have achieved preliminary results.
The solution to the "three rural" issues in the new era is more strategic and proactive. Under the strategy of rural rejuvenation, the status and role of the countryside in the urban-rural relationship have undergone subtle changes and adjustments. The countryside is no longer simply passively receiving urban nurturing, nor is it driven by overall planning to achieve urban-rural integration. Catching up to become a new protagonist of urban and rural development and a new engine of economic development.