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With the rapid development of society and the strong support of national policies for agriculture , coupled with the maturity of the Internet of Things technology , the application of the Internet of Things in the traditional agricultural field is becoming more and more widespread. Agriculture is one of the important application areas of the Internet of Things technology, and it is also an area where the application of the Internet of Things technology is in urgent need, difficult and has obvious integration characteristics.
In recent years, the Internet of Things technology has been applied to many fields of agriculture, including agricultural environmental monitoring , greenhouse production control, water-saving irrigation, meteorological monitoring, product safety and traceability, and intelligent diagnostic management of equipment.
Through the data transmitted by the sensors , the crop information can be grasped at any time and place, and the crops can be remotely managed. At the same time, experts or expert systems can be used to make scientific diagnosis and decision-making on crop diseases, insect pests, and growth. Nowadays, there are no more words mentioned than big data and cloud computing. These sophisticated technologies are well known and used in various fields. Another word that is closely related to these two words is the Internet of Things technology. Take advantage of it. Traditional agriculture faces development opportunities.
Compared with large-scale planting abroad, China's agricultural planting is relatively backward, and it is currently transforming from traditional individual planting operations to large-scale modern planting agriculture operations.
The Internet of Things technology is the key to solving the current problems in agriculture. So, what is the agricultural Internet of Things ? What applications does it have in agriculture?
For the application of the Internet of Things technology in agriculture , the basic technology is the improvement of sensor networks . The improvement of the sensing system directly affects the operation of the entire agricultural Internet of Things technology .
So what is the agricultural Internet of Things ? Simply put, the agricultural Internet of Things has several key levels: the collection of front-end production information, the transmission of information, and the processing and application of information. Use sensors to collect information during production such as soil, weather, pests and diseases, agricultural operations, etc., and transfer the information to a cloud platform for processing through the cloud platform to provide data support for production management, quality traceability, agricultural technology services, etc. The main application.
It is understood that the Internet of Things technology has been applied to many fields of agriculture, including agricultural environmental monitoring, greenhouse control, water-saving irrigation, meteorological monitoring, product safety and traceability, intelligent diagnostic management of equipment, and other aspects.
From the application level, it is mainly the application of production processes from field planting, facility planting, livestock and poultry breeding , and aquaculture . For the application of the Internet of Things in agriculture , the current applications are mostly collection of production data and production management control in the production process, and quality traceability in the circulation link.
In the traditional planting management based on experience management, due to different experience of fertilization, spraying, and irrigation, different planters will have different planting results, and at the same time cause waste of water resources, excessive fertilizer spraying, etc. With the continuous promotion of large-scale planting and the continuous change of industry conditions, traditional experience management cannot adapt to large-scale production operation models, and scientific advanced management methods will surely take its place.
The application of the Internet of Things technology can collect animal and plant information and keep abreast of animal and plant dynamics. Sensors will play an indispensable role in agricultural production . Fertilization, spraying, and irrigation all require sensor data collection. The data of the soil, pests, and humidity of the planted products are used to determine when to fertilize, when to spray, when to irrigate, and the required amount. Avoid waste of resources and environmental damage in traditional empirical management.
The system can also prompt and remind of critical conditions. The information collected by the sensors-when the air temperature, humidity, soil moisture, etc. are close to or exceed the crop growth value, the intelligent platform based on the Internet of Things technology prompts the growers through mobile phone text messages and other methods, and the growers can take corresponding actions in time according to the reminders Protect crop growth environment.