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The concept of smart agriculture is derived from the concept of a smart earth. In 2008, IBM introduced the concept of "Smart Earth" for the first time. Later, the concept of wisdom was widely adopted and applied, and smart agriculture emerged as the times require.
Smart agriculture mainly lies in "wisdom", which is reflected in the construction of the entire industrial chain before, during, and after agriculture. It generally refers to the use of Internet of Things technology , cloud computing technology, big data technology and 5S technology (that is, remote sensing systems, global positioning systems, geographic information systems, expert systems, intelligent decision-making knowledge systems), etc. to realize the intelligentization of farming infrastructure and industry. Development and modernization.
It covers a very wide range, using the information means represented by the Internet to achieve full information service and guidance to agriculture, using innovative business operation models, and extending it to the agricultural economy.
In recent years, the emergence of smart agriculture has begun to upend traditions. The use of sensors , the Internet of Things , cloud computing, and big data technologies has accelerated the transformation of traditional agriculture to intensive, intelligent, and data-based industries.
Upgrading the field of production, agriculture shifts from artificial to intelligent. Planting, breeding and production operations, get rid of human dependence, build an agricultural production automation system and platform that integrates environmental physiological monitoring, crop model analysis and adjustment, improve agricultural production processes according to natural ecological conditions, and carry out differentiated production of agricultural products; in food safety Link, establish a traceability system for agricultural products, record and store all kinds of relevant information in the production, processing, and other processes of agricultural products, and can query and authenticate agricultural products on the Internet through food identification numbers, and trace back the entire information; in the production management process, especially Some agricultural reclamation areas, modern agricultural industrial parks , large farms and other units, smart facilities and the Internet are widely used in agricultural soil testing formulas, stubble operation plans, and farm production data management and other production planning systems to improve efficiency.
Upgrading the business field, highlighting the application of personalized and differentiated marketing methods such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, etc., breaking the space and time geographic constraints of the agricultural market, data such as agricultural resource procurement and agricultural product circulation will be monitored and transmitted in real time, effectively solving the information Asymmetry problem.
With the extension of the agricultural product supply chain and the speculation of bad business, tracking and monitoring agricultural products has become increasingly important. Using the intelligent agricultural big data technology platform, it is possible to track every process from the field to the dining table.
Agricultural big data is being used to improve all aspects. Agricultural product manufacturers, suppliers and transporters use IoT sensor technology, scanning equipment and analysis tools to monitor and collect relevant data about the supply chain. For example, the quality of agricultural products during production and transportation can be monitored in real time through GPS-enabled sensors, which helps prevent foodborne illness and reduce supply chain waste.
At the same time, through in-depth excavation and effective integration of agricultural product production and circulation data scattered in various agricultural production areas across the country, professional analysis and interpretation are provided to provide excellent information services for agricultural product production and circulation, in order to improve agricultural resource utilization and circulation efficiency, from the source. To ensure food safety.