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With the continuous progress of information technology, forestry must accelerate the pace of modernization in order to continue to meet the diversified needs of social development for forestry. How to integrate information technology into the forest resources supervision system is particularly critical to improve the scientific supervision level and capacity of forest resources.
The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" for forestry development proposes that "Forestry should accelerate the advancement of information management." In recent years, the forestry sector has made continuous breakthroughs in the construction of forest resource management informatization, especially in timber transportation and forest harvesting management. It has fully realized digital supervision.
Centralized, efficient and unified management
At present, China's timber transportation management is facing a new situation and new tasks. On the one hand, with the rapid development of the national highway construction industry, the pressure on timber inspection is increasing; on the other hand, with the continuous deepening of the reform of the collective forest tenure system, the main body of operation and transportation are increasingly diversified, and the task of timber transportation inspection has become Times increase. These are forcing changes in the way wood is checked.
In response to the new requirements for timber transportation management under the new situation, the "National Timber Transportation Management System" came into being. On July 1, 2010, the system was officially launched, and it was networked across the country, and realized the national network informatization of timber transportation certification, timber inspection, timber transportation information query, statistics, and analysis. "The putting into operation of the national timber transportation management system has provided a strong technical guarantee for the national timber transportation management and promoted the further openness, transparency, standardization and efficiency of the timber transportation management." The Department of Forest Resources Management of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration uses the Supervision Department. Xie Shouxin said.
The national timber transportation management system integrates timber transportation certification, timber inspection, and administrative case management. It involves national, provincial, city, county, timber inspection stations, and covers all aspects of timber transportation, and builds a national timber transportation management information trunk road.
Timber transport permits are important documents for the transport of timber from legal sources. In the past, the manufacture of wood transport permits was simple and easily caused human identification errors. Through the use of two-dimensional code technology, network verification and watermarking technology, each inspection station can identify the authenticity of the wood transport certificate and the actual volume of wood on the Internet through scanning equipment, greatly improving work efficiency and quality.
The use of timber transport management systems has long been precedents. Provinces such as Zhejiang and Shandong have implemented online timber transportation management before 2010, but from a national perspective, the problems of timber transportation being self-contained, self-contained, disconnected, and difficult to manage are still very prominent. The use of the national timber transport management system not only standardized the timber transport management order, but also unified the local timber transport systems, solving the problems of inter-provincial information inquiry and unified management of transport information. The unified 22-digit timber transport certificate number across the country makes the classification system and expression of timber transport information more standardized and lays the technical foundation for the unified management of transport certificates. "Since the system was launched, the problem of decentralized and inefficient timber transportation management has been effectively resolved, and it has become an important support for the digital supervision of timber transportation." Said Yang Xueqing, a professor-level senior engineer at the State Forestry and Grassland Bureau's Survey Planning and Design Institute.
By the end of 2017, the country's timber transportation management system had applied for a total of 39.536 million transport permits, transported 1.11 billion cubic meters of wood and 2.687 billion bamboos. In 2017, a total of 4.776 million pieces of timber transport certificates were issued, the volume of timber transport reached 108.325 million cubic meters, and the volume of bamboo transport was 22.50414 million.
Network integration supervision
Forest logging management runs through the entire process of forest cutting quotas, timber production plans, forest harvesting permits, timber business processing approvals, timber inspections, timber source audits, timber transportation permits, and timber transportation inspections. The forest harvesting management system and timber transportation management system have jointly strengthened the modern supervision system of forest resources.
In 2012, the national forest harvesting management system was launched, and has now covered 23 provinces across the country. The efficient operation of this system has further promoted the reform of the forestry administrative approval system and the process of online work. "The use of the national forest harvesting management system has improved the efficiency of forest resource supervision and management of forestry informationization, and has effectively maintained the order of production and operation in forest areas, ensuring sustainable growth of forest resources." State Forestry and Grassland Bureau of Forest Resources Management Department Jin Aixian, director of the District Reform and Development Guidance Office, said.
The core value of the national forest harvesting management system is simplicity and efficiency. The system integrates database technology with forest resource management science, forestry policies and regulations. Through data entry and maintenance, data query, data statistics, certificate printing and report printing, the system integrates the entire process of forest logging management and establishes a unified forest tree. Management system for logging quotas, logging license review and logging license issuance.
From the perspective of application results, the national forest harvesting management system not only solves the problem of labor costs, but also devotes itself to creating a semi-automated procedure. According to the state's work requirements for "decentralized management services" of government departments, the system's initial research and development focused on the needs of applicants, managers, supervisors, and society, and finally formed a network integrated supervision process.
Compared with the traditional and cumbersome logging permit processing procedures, the national forest logging management system is faster. The applicant uses the data of the existing "Logging Operation Design Management System" to fill in the logging permit application template and submits the application materials, and the system will automatically verify the validity of the application materials and the unit year according to the logging quota and the "Logging Operation Design Specifications" The remaining amount of the cutting quota will be included in the process of reviewing and issuing logging permits in accordance with the norms, and the management of termination and invalidation of the issued logging permits will be implemented. "In this way, the number of times the masses and enterprises have to go to the government to reduce the number of errands, errands and even no errands," said Xie Shouxin.
Look at the statistics. From 2012 to 2017, 23 provinces passed the national forest harvesting management system, and a total of 4,561,100 forest harvesting permits were issued, with a cumulative volume of 33.167 million cubic meters. In 2017 alone, the system issued 1.2249 million logging permits, with a cumulative volume of 91.377 million cubic meters.
Inquiry online for national surveillance
"Real-time query" is the most powerful function of the national timber transportation management system and the national forest harvesting management system.
The national timber transportation management system can realize one-stop query of information such as timber transportation permits, certificate issuance records, inspection registrations, administrative cases, checkpoint personnel and facilities, etc., and real-time grasp of the transportation permit issuance and timber inspection team members Provide information on equipment and administrative cases. At the same time, the openness, publicity, and transparency of system information are more conducive to strengthening the supervision of administrative units, regulating the issuance and management of timber transport permits and timber transport inspections.
In addition, the national timber transportation management system also plays a role in providing decision-making basis for relevant national departments. Through systematic statistical analysis, we can focus on grasping the flow and direction of wood, as well as the change law of wood transportation at different times and in different regions, and provide a basis for the regulation of national wood transportation. At the same time, through statistical analysis of the transportation of different wood species and tree species in various places, it can provide first-hand materials for grasping the dynamics of the various types of wood product markets. Based on this function, a national timber transportation flow analysis system was completed in 2015, which can continuously provide timber flow direction analysis services to decision-making departments.
Data is the core resource of the forest harvesting management system and an important basis for real-time supervision of forest harvesting.
A large amount of basic data will be generated in the supervision of forest harvesting. Workers need to process tedious data. However, due to the constraints of manpower, time, and tools, data statistics are often disconnected, outdated, and inaccurate. Laborious. The forest harvesting management system solves this problem very well. Through this system, the use and balance of forest cutting quotas and timber production plans can be queried at any time. Supervisory departments can grasp the use of logging quotas and the use of special additional quotas in real time. Inquire about all aspects of the issuance of forest logging permits, and trace back the results and opinions of users at each level of the issued permits at any time. In addition, some provinces have also implemented data docking with the government service platform and the government supervision system, providing a platform for all people to monitor the use of forest resources.
According to the relevant person in charge of the Forest Resources Management Department, the next step is to further integrate the two systems into a comprehensive “National Forest Resources Utilization Supervision Platform” and achieve national coverage, while providing technical support to help localities achieve local and local disciplinary inspection and supervision systems. Butt.