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Even if you transfer tens of thousands of acres of land, even if you integrate circular agriculture , creative agriculture, and farming experience, even if you have catering, accommodation, picking, leisure and entertainment ...
If it does not promote the development of new rural industries, if it does not promote the revitalization of rural areas , and if no farmers participate in the revenue, then you can only be regarded as a large comprehensive farm, not a rural complex .
Why is the core of the rural complex not rural, but rural? There are at least two reasons.
Before the 1980s, the countryside and the countryside could be integrated. However, with the acceleration of urbanization driven by the reform and opening up, a large number of rural people entered the city, and various rural structures began to undergo subversive changes.
The most obvious point is that agricultural production is no longer the main way of life of rural people, and it is no longer the main industry support in rural areas. The status of land as a sustenance for farmers has begun to shake. Since then, the countryside has gradually separated from the countryside, becoming an independent existence without strong links to the countryside.
At this time, no matter whether large capital enters agriculture or the transfer of land on family farms, it can only change the agricultural industry, but it may not be able to convey the reform dividend to the villages and villagers. Whether it is economic or organizational order.
Second, after several years of national policy tilt to cities, the rural revitalization plan was formally introduced. How to revitalize the village, and who will revitalize it? Through practice, various places have gradually explored a feasible idea: government guidance, social capital entry, and farmers' participation.
Why specifically mention the participation of farmers? In fact, this is closely related to the original intention of the rural revitalization, that is, "prosperous industries, ecological livability, rural civilization, effective governance, and a wealthy life." These two cross guidelines, at least 16 words point directly to the countryside and villagers.
As an important starting point for rural rejuvenation, in the case of the temporary separation of the rural and rural areas, the rural complex can only achieve the goal of rural rejuvenation if it takes the countryside as the core and allows farmers to participate and enjoy benefits. The pastoral is just a means or a way.
The country is the key to the success of the rural complex
When many social capitals make rural complexes, they can't wait to draw a line with the countryside and the villagers. The clearer the distance, the better. In their opinion, the countryside is backward, the countryside is complicated, and it is difficult for villagers to do it. In contrast, the agricultural sector is much easier to operate as long as it is transferred.
In fact, many rural complexes now face various problems and ceilings precisely because they ignore the countryside.
On the one hand, many rural complexes lack a large number of talents, and on the other hand, a large number of old artists in the countryside are "unemployed" because traditional skills are not used;
On the one hand, many rural complexes lack construction land, on the other hand, there are a large number of idle housing sites and public buildings in a large number of "hollow villages";
On the one hand, the construction of many rural complexes requires industrial support, on the one hand, a large number of traditional rural industries have gradually withered due to the times;
In fact, the solution to these problems in the rural complex lies precisely in the rural resources. The seeming contradiction between the builder of the rural complex and the village is actually complementary.
How to resolve conflicts and complement each other? How to "activate" old "unemployed" artists, how to "activate" idle homesteads, and how to "activate" traditional rural industries, we need a catalytic enzyme.
There can be many catalytic enzymes. The more mature experience is cultural innovation.
Cultural innovation can give new life to industries that were originally eliminated because they lost practical value. For example, Taomi Ecological Village in Taiwan, Zhushan Town, Nanao Natural Field and so on.
Only platform-based rural complexes can benefit farmers
Many rural complexes nowadays either transfer farmers 'land, let farmers plant land on the project or serve as waiters, or rent farmers' housing sites to break through construction land ...
This "peasant participation" is not so much participation as an expedient solution to the problem of labor and land use.
In the short term, farmers seem to have obtained slightly stronger income than small farmers, but this fully capitalized, market-oriented, and commercialized transformation model allows capital to divide rural resources and enjoy the dividends of rural reforms, while also making the rich and poor in the rural areas. The widening gap has exacerbated the destruction of rural organizational models and order. It is even further away from our goal of eliminating the dual structure of urban and rural areas and achieving common prosperity.
The real participation of farmers should be to make farmers a component unit in the co-construction and sharing mode of the rural complex, and let farmers assume one of the functional modules in order to realize the value-added income of the industry. It is not only used as surplus labor, but also not as a compensation for the transfer of land and homestead.
To achieve this goal, the rural complex cannot be a company, but a platform.
What is a business? To put it simply, when companies transfer peasants 'land and homesteads and buy peasants' sideline products, peasants can realize the rental income and the sale of agricultural and sideline products on the one hand, and they can work in the enterprise to obtain wage income.
What is a platform? In simple terms, farmers can graft their own "sub-projects" according to the standards and rules of the platform. Several homestays, a small picking garden, and a small farm can be farmers' own, but they are also part of the rural complex. In this way, it does not affect the traditional rural structure, but also benefits farmers.
It can be said that only the rural complex that realizes the function of the platform can realize the prosperity of the farmers and the rural revitalization.
Rural and rural integration is the most critical step in rural revitalization
At present, many projects that combine multiple formats of rural and rural styles have been named as rural complexes.
In fact, the connotation of a true rural complex is more abundant. It is not only a combination of education, culture, agriculture, tourism and other elements, not only the ecological production and life, not only the new villagers and old villagers and tourists, but also the countryside and the countryside.
The integration of the countryside and the countryside means the restoration of the most basic way of life in the countryside for thousands of years. This is the core step of rural rejuvenation.