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Do a good job in poverty alleviation in the agricultural industry for three years and strive to get rid of poverty by 520,000 poor villagers by 2020
Everyone has a pastoral dream in mind, especially the urban people who are "long in the cage" today, and they are even more eager to "return to nature" to return to the garden and live in the garden.
Since the concept of " Pastoral Complex " was first written in the "Document No. 1" of the central government in 2017, more and more people are familiar with it.
How is the "Pastoral Complex" developing today? What issues should be paid attention to during construction? On August 23, at the executive meeting of the provincial government hosted by the Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee and Governor Yin Li, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences Lu Huoming explained the development and practice cases of rural and rural complexes at home and abroad.
What is the "Pastoral Complex"?
What is the "Pastoral Complex"?
In 2017, the "Central Document No. 1" was first written into the concept of "a rural complex", "supporting conditional rural construction with farmers' cooperatives as the main carrier, allowing farmers to fully participate and benefit, and integrating circular agriculture, creative agriculture, The rural complex is a rural complex, and pilot demonstrations are conducted through channels such as comprehensive agricultural development and rural comprehensive reform transfer payments. "
Lu Huoming said that in terms of its connotation and extension, the rural complex is not a new word, it is an extension and development based on the original ecological agriculture and leisure tourism.
The rural complex covers agriculture and cultural tourism. It is not a simple agriculture + tourism + real estate + ecological "three dishes and one soup" or a monotonous independent farmhouse, but has a cultural identity and a deep industry integration.
Lu Huoming said that in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Finance's "Notice on the Pilot Work on the Construction of Rural Complexes", the construction content should focus on the six major aspects of the production system, industrial system, operating system, ecological system, service system, and operation system. Support system construction ↓↓
Production system. Centralized and continuous development of high-standard farmland construction , strengthening the "rural + rural" infrastructure construction in the rural complex area, and integrating funds to improve supporting facilities such as power supply, communications, sewage treatment, tourist distribution, and public services.
Industrial system. Focusing on the pastoral resources and agricultural characteristics, we will make the leading industries bigger and stronger with traditional characteristics and advantages, steadily develop creative agriculture, strengthen the management of brands and geographical indications of origin, cultivate well-known regional agricultural brands, and build an industrial system that supports the development of pastoral complexes.
Operating system. Promote moderate scale agricultural operations, optimize agricultural production and management systems, and increase agricultural benefits through land transfers, share cooperation, farming and planting, and land custody.
Ecosystem. Actively develop circular agriculture, make full use of new technologies of agricultural ecological environmental protection production, promote the conservation of agricultural resources, the reduction of agricultural waste residues and the reuse of resources, implement agricultural water-saving projects, and strengthen the comprehensive improvement of the agricultural environment.
service system. Through the development of industries and public service platforms that meet market needs, gather modern production factors such as markets, capital, information, and talents, promote the two-way extension of the urban-rural industrial chain, and promote the vigorous development of new rural industries and new formats.
Operating system. Properly handle the relationship between the government, enterprises and farmers, determine a reasonable construction operation management model, and form a joint force for healthy development.
"Sichuan Practice" in the Rural Complex
At present, there are many classic cases at home and abroad in the pastoral complex, and Sichuan has also been practicing and exploring the pastoral complex.
In May 2017, the Ministry of Finance issued a notice to launch a pilot project for the construction of rural complexes across the country. Sichuan is one of the 18 pilot provinces. Since then, Sichuan has initiated provincial trials in Chengdu, Mianyang, Guang'an, and Dazhou, following the measures of the Ministry of Finance. Currently, Sichuan ’s national and provincial rural complexes are being implemented in Dujiangyan City and Xinjin County in Chengdu, Wucheng District in Mianyang City, Wusheng County in Guang'an City, and Kaijiang County in Dazhou City. It is reported that the "Tianfuyuan Rural Complex" in Dujiangyan is one of the first 15 national pilot projects. In addition, the rural complexes in our province include Chengdu Duoli Farmhouse and Chengjia Tea Village Rural Complex.
In the classroom, Lu Huoming listed two cases of rural complexes in the province and took a look together.
【Dujiangyan Tianfuyuan Rural Complex】
Planning and positioning: "Landscape of mountains and rivers, floral fragrance of kiwifruit". Based on the cereals, oils and vegetables industry, featuring Hongyang kiwi, and supporting the rich water culture, Tao culture, and farming culture of Dujiangyan, it strives to develop into a display area of colorful rural charm, a demonstration area for industrial integration, and a leading area for rural reform. A model area for green agriculture .
Innovation point: Through the shareholding transformation of collective economic stock cooperatives, a close interest connection mechanism has been established among the various implementing entities.
[Chengdu Dolly Farm]
Planning and positioning: To create a rural and rural complex that integrates agricultural leisure and recreation, integrates production and living ecology, and adds value to the entire six-sector industry chain, and is an urban organic agricultural town that is "suitable for industry and tourism". Utilizing the pilot of "enterprise reform" of collectively-owned rural construction land, it realized benefit sharing, land consolidation project income and farmers 'shareholders' benefit distribution.
Innovative points: The pilot of “entering the market” reform of rural collective business construction land and ensuring “5 legalities”, namely project legality, land use legality, planning legality, legal procedures, and property legality; the project realized benefit sharing and land consolidation project benefits And the distribution of benefits to farmers and shareholders.
How will Sichuan promote the construction of rural complexes in the future?
As more and more attention has been paid to the rural complex, investors have also begun to "roll up their sleeves and work hard." However, Lu Huoming said that at present, the development of the rural complex is only in its infancy, and basically focuses on the viewing, tasting, leisure, and purchase of major agricultural products. Wait for full digging. Therefore, he believes that the following principles should be adhered to when building a rural complex:
Pilot demonstrations should not be carried out everywhere;
Areas should be preferred, not downgraded;
It is better to focus on the countryside, not to build a lot;
It should be carefully planned and not allowed to flow freely;
It should highlight its characteristics and not be too homogeneous;
It should be a market entity and not an administrative instruction.
In addition, he also made 6 suggestions for Sichuan to promote the construction of rural complexes:
First, improve the innovation policy support system. The first is to establish a guarantee mechanism for new construction land. Through land shareholding, joint ventures, and other means, it will focus on supporting the development of rural leisure tourism, pension and other industries and the integration of rural tertiary industry. The second is to integrate relevant policies related to agriculture, science and technology, finance, and finance to support it, so as to solve funding problems.
Second, strengthen the industrial foundation. The first is to promote the integrated development of one, two, and three industries, and cultivate new industries and new formats such as creative agriculture, tourism agriculture , leisure agriculture , agricultural experience, rural wellness , and homestay vacations. The second is to properly handle the relationship between the modern agricultural industry and the rural complex, and to deeply integrate industry, ecology and culture through agricultural production. The third is to use the current advanced scientific and technological achievements to make the rural complex a showcase for new technologies and new formats.
Third, make good planning and design. To build a rural complex, we must adhere to and highlight local historical and cultural characteristics and achieve individual development. Adhere to planning ahead, multi-regulation integration, and enhance the capacity for the activation and sustainable development of rural complexes. It is necessary to improve the local standards of the rural complex in the province as soon as possible.
Fourth, highlight the dominant position of farmers. The construction of the rural complex should consider the production and life, economic development and ecological protection of the original local farmers, give priority to improving the farmers 'production and living conditions, fully respect the farmers' daily customs, and build a rural complex with the characteristics of "agriculture" . Make good use of the carrier of peasant cooperatives, and make medium and long-term industrial planning for land management through land transfer.
Fifth, dig deep into traditional culture. Dig out the rural cultural connotation of different pastoral complexes, and dig out the traditional culture, local customs, local customs and regulations, family traditions, family customs, and folk customs that are contained in the "mother" of the pastoral complex. Deeply implement the inheritance and innovation of Sichuan's excellent traditional culture, and protect and dig out the precious wealth of rural historical memories, local operas, handmade works, and village regulations.
Sixth, adhere to the bottom line of laws and policies. Prevent non-agriculturalization of agricultural land, especially basic farmland. The construction of the rural complex should not be moved towards pure tourism development, disguised real estate development, and deviate from the main line of agriculture. Maintain the right to land contract, the right to use the house site, and the right to the distribution of collective income of the peasants to prevent the collective assets from being controlled by foreign capital.