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With the acceleration of the informationization process of agriculture and animal husbandry, Inner Mongolia's agriculture and animal husbandry has entered the era of the mobile Internet. Using new-generation intelligent technologies such as cloud computing and big data to deeply integrate with modern agriculture and animal husbandry, the traditional industry has been equipped with information technology.
"I have installed automatic control equipment for sunlight greenhouses. I used to have 3 people to manage one shed. Now, I can manage four or five sheds by myself. These days, our organic vegetables are in short supply and the market sales are very good." Guo Fengfeng, a farmer in Guluban Village, told reporters.
After entering the greenhouse, various kinds of pollution-free vegetables, such as pakchoi and artemisia annua, are lush and lush. Now, Guo Fengfeng only needs to open the APP "Greenhouse Butler" on the mobile phone, and the information such as soil temperature and humidity , carbon dioxide concentration, and light intensity in each shed can be seen at a glance. Collecting the temperature and humidity of the greenhouse in time can provide real-time technical guidance for vegetable production.
In addition, vegetable prices in markets such as Dongwayao, Meitong, and Shiyangqiao in Hohhot will be pushed in a timely manner every day, so that farmers will know.
"The power of technology is powerful. After work, I returned to my home in Saihan District and used the" shed keeper "to remotely control the shed here. I also warned in accordance with the weather forecast prompts, and timely opened and closed the shutters and air vents. The villagers felt incredible. "Guo Fengfeng said cheerfully.
This is just a microcosm of the vigorous development of modern agriculture and animal husbandry in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. With the acceleration of the process of informatization in agriculture and animal husbandry, Inner Mongolia launched related work on the facility agriculture Internet of Things in 2009, and conducted a lot of beneficial explorations in technology research and development, operating modes, demonstration and promotion, etc. Modern agriculture and animal husbandry are accelerating integration.
Internet +, make experts and farmers zero distance
On August 17, at the "Twenty-fourth Chinese Computer Agriculture Application Symposium and the First Youth Academic Forum and Smart Animal Husbandry Forum" held in Hohhot, Wang Ruili, deputy dean of the Institute of Biotechnology of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, said The voice of the majority of agricultural and animal husbandry science and technology workers: "How to impart advanced agricultural and animal husbandry production and living technology to farmers and herdsmen and enterprises and apply them to their production and life is a long-term restriction on the development of agricultural and animal husbandry in our region A bottleneck for change is at the core of our work over the years. "
"What happened to the large-area leaf curl and spotting of 200 acres of tomatoes in my home?"
"What color are the spots? Are there bugs in the fruit?" ...
On August 8, Geng Jun, head of Yueyang Cooperative of Hangjinhou Banner, anxiously opened the mobile information service platform "Xinghuo Technology 12396" on his mobile phone and asked agricultural expert Liu Haiming eagerly, and got the expert's reply as soon as possible.
Subsequently, the person in charge of 12396 and Liu Haiming immediately rushed to the scene to find out, and found that many tomatoes had small black spots on the leaf surface. After careful inspection by Liu Haiming, one by one, the diagnosis was tomato sesame spot disease. The expert then gave a corresponding solution . Geng Jun excitedly held Liu Haiming's hands and said, "Thank you Teacher Liu for saving these 200 acres of tomatoes and helping me through the difficulties!"
After the telephone age and computer age, from 2014, Inner Mongolia's agricultural and animal husbandry information construction has entered the era of mobile Internet. Now, open the “Xinghuo Technology 12396” mobile information service platform in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Farmers and herdsmen can understand all kinds of information, and produce technical problems in agriculture and animal husbandry. They can upload photos to the platform through mobile phones at any time. Experts based on pictures and problem description in 24 hours Answer questions within. Mobile information services have overcome the shortcomings of unclear description of telephone services, poor portability of remote diagnostic services, and weak timely response. In addition, dialing and using 12396 implements a dual-free policy of free of charge for calls and data, which solves the concerns of users' communication consumption, and effectively solves the problem of the last mile of scientific and technological services in rural pastoral areas from both technical and market aspects.
In addition, the function of the Inner Mongolia Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Information Network has been continuously improved, and its information service capabilities have been further enhanced. The Inner Mongolia Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Information Network has a total of 47 columns and topics, covering plantation, animal husbandry, grassland, veterinary, fishery and other industries. There are a total of 15 business information systems for the website integration industry, and the total data storage is close to 2T. More than 46,000 pieces of information are released every year, and the average daily visits reach 8,000 people. The Inner Mongolia Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Information Network has become an important platform and window for the development, integration and release of Inner Mongolia agriculture and animal husbandry information, and the development of information services for agriculture and animal husbandry and rural pastoral areas.
Leading by big data, putting smart brains on modern agriculture and animal husbandry
How to use the new generation of intelligent technologies such as cloud computing and big data to deeply integrate with modern agriculture and animal husbandry, and let the traditional industries plug into the wings of informatization is a new proposition given in the new era.
Smart agriculture and animal husbandry integrates mobile Internet, cloud computing, Internet of Things , big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies. Relying on various sensor nodes and wireless communication networks deployed at the production site of agriculture and animal husbandry, the agriculture and animal husbandry production environment can be intelligent. Perception, intelligent early warning, intelligent decision-making, and intelligent analysis provide precision planting, visual management, and intelligent decision-making for agricultural and animal husbandry production.
With the rapid development of the Internet of Things industry, a number of emerging agricultural IT companies have emerged in Inner Mongolia. In recent years, new models have been emerging to use 3G, the Internet of Things, and other information technologies to transform traditional agricultural production and management: Networking, Beidou Satellite Grazing System in Hangjin Banner, Ordos City, Digital Fishery in Dalate Banner, and "3S" Digital Grassland in Hulunbuir and Etuoke Qian Banner.
Soil, water, and fertility are the key factors that affect the quality of cultivated land. The Inner Mongolia Agricultural Soil Technical Service Station has set up 200 field soil monitoring points in Inner Mongolia, and each monitoring point is installed with an intelligent agricultural field environment monitoring system. The above-ground part of the system uses rain, wind speed, wind direction, and air pressure sensors to collect weather information at the monitoring points; the underground part uses soil temperature, moisture, water level, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, dissolved oxygen, and pH sensors to collect various soil information. All The data is uploaded to the cloud server via the 4G network. The service general station aggregates the nutrient content data in the soil at various monitoring points and performs statistical analysis on it. It can generate annual reports, complete soil grade and suitability evaluation, and can also provide guidance on soil testing and formulating fertilizers in various places.
Not only that, the Internet of Things and big data also play important roles in livestock production across Inner Mongolia. As a production and processing commodity base for meat sheep, Bayannaoer City attaches great importance to the construction of a quality control system for high-quality meat sheep breeds. At present, it has established a traceable breeding management system for the Dubo sheep pedigree of Linhe District. This system consists of electronic ear tags, The epidemic prevention record database, breeder information database, software management platform and handheld radio frequency ear tag information reading equipment are included. Each Dubo sheep has a pedigree file. Through the management platform or handheld radio frequency ear tag information reading equipment, you can know each time at any time. Pedigree file of each sheep of the household breeder.
In addition, our district also actively uses the big data platform to carry out the monitoring and early warning of agricultural and livestock product market prices, and has established and improved the Inner Mongolia agricultural and livestock product market price monitoring and early warning analysis work system and agricultural and livestock product market monitoring and early warning points. The person in charge of the project and the person in charge. Focus on the market monitoring of the main agricultural and livestock products in 12 league cities in Inner Mongolia. 24 sampling survey counties, 25 agricultural wholesale markets, 13 vegetable origins, and 2 port-based agricultural and livestock product market information collection networks have been established. A total of 96 monitoring and early warning reports have been prepared. This year, a price monitoring and early warning platform for the main agricultural and livestock product markets in Inner Mongolia was also developed and launched. The main agricultural and livestock product prices in the main agricultural and livestock product wholesale market in Inner Mongolia were monitored, analyzed, and warned, and they are currently in the trial operation stage.