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In recent years, China has continuously accelerated the integrated development of "Internet + agriculture ", and "added" new production technologies, circulation methods, and development momentum. Agricultural Internet of Things , agricultural e-commerce, and rural dual-creation platforms ... "Internet +" not only upgrades agricultural production methods, enriches farmers' pockets, but also broadens the horizons of farmers, drives the transformation of traditional agriculture in China to modern agriculture , and opens up rural revitalization Develop a new situation.
New application: "Internet +" consolidates modern agricultural technology and equipment to accelerate agricultural upgrading
Through mobile phone control, potted vegetables in the greenhouse can be watered and warmed up. Through the application of the Internet of Things and green prevention and control technology, a set of effective and standardized biological control can be summarized for the characteristics of different types of vegetables. Technology; a harvester equipped with a satellite positioning and navigation system not only collects statistics, but also manages them. Large farmers can use cameras to see how much of their field has been harvested and how much yield ... At present, the application of modern information technology achievements in agriculture Continuously deepening, "Internet +" is changing traditional agriculture.
In recent years, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has organized 9 provinces to conduct regional trials of the agricultural Internet of Things , released 426 technology and application models of cost-effective agricultural Internet of Things products, launched a digital agricultural construction pilot last year, and successfully launched this year. The first agricultural high score satellite. Modern information technology is widely used in crop rotation fallow supervision, remote treatment of animal and plant diseases, and precision operation of agricultural machinery. With the accurate "calculation" of big data , all the resource elements of agriculture are optimally configured, and even the waste in the production process can be used for resource utilization to achieve "zero emissions". Many of the once heavy agricultural activities can be lightened. The mouse is elegantly finished. Transforming the Internet of Things in the facility's agricultural planting base to realize agricultural visual remote diagnosis, remote control, automatic early warning and other functional management, so as to make agricultural production more automated, standardized, accurate, traceable, reduce manpower, and reduce costs, It has also cultivated high-quality and high-yield agricultural products, giving consumers peace of mind and effort.
At present, relevant departments are speeding up the preparation of national digital agricultural strategic planning and smart agricultural engineering planning, and accelerating the implementation of engineering projects such as agricultural remote sensing satellite systems. At the same time, we will continue to promote the implementation of the regional project of the agricultural IoT regional trial project, vigorously carry out the construction of field planting, facility horticulture, livestock and poultry breeding , aquaculture IoT demonstration bases, and promote a number of cost-effective agricultural IoT application models.
New format: "Internet" restructuring modern agricultural circulation system to help agricultural products out of the village
With the implementation of comprehensive demonstration of e-commerce in rural areas and the implementation of e-commerce poverty alleviation policies, China's agricultural and rural e-commerce has developed rapidly. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas has carried out agricultural e-commerce pilots in 14 provinces and cities, explored e-commerce models such as fresh agricultural products and agricultural production materials, and launched pilot e-commerce precision poverty alleviation pilots in 428 state-level impoverished counties. At the end of 2017, the comprehensive demonstration of e-commerce in rural areas had supported a total of 756 counties, rural online retail sales reached 1.2 trillion yuan, and online sales of agricultural products reached 240 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 53.3%.
The rapid development of agricultural e-commerce has effectively driven the precise matching of production and market demand, reshaped the circulation channels of agricultural products, and also broke the time and space restrictions, driving high-quality green agricultural products from remote areas out of the mountains and into the market.
As the "national team" of rural e-commerce, China Supply and Marketing E-Commerce Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of the Supply and Marketing Corporation, relies on its superior resources in rural areas, especially agricultural production services, to vigorously develop industrial e-commerce. With the establishment, control and continuous optimization of standards in each link of land, planting, picking, primary processing, and transportation, a complete, reproducible solution that can be widely applied to the upward supply chain system of agricultural products can be created.
In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Ministry of Commerce will select some of the information to enter the villages and households. The counties with better construction projects will carry out pilots for e-commerce out of the villages. Each pilot county will select at least one type of agricultural products, strengthen the classification of agricultural products, process packaging, Construction of infrastructure such as logistics, warehousing, cold chain, implementation of supply chain management of agricultural products, centralized realization of commercialization, branding, and e-commerce of agricultural products, innovation of agricultural product e-commerce sales mechanisms and models, and ensuring that agricultural products come out of their villages. And at a good price. "
New kinetic energy: "Internet +" builds a modern rural double-creation stage to stimulate endogenous motivation
As of the end of 2017, the proportion of broadband in administrative villages in China has reached 96%, and the number of rural netizens has reached 209 million. With the help of information technology, farmers have achieved the transformation from a traditional single producer to a production and operation entity, and a new type of farmers is growing.
In 2017, the output value of China's agricultural product processing industry reached 22 trillion yuan, and the operating income of leisure agriculture and rural tourism reached 740 billion yuan. New industries such as creative agriculture, shared agriculture , and crowd-funded agriculture are emerging in an endless stream. Farmers share value-added benefits.
Driven by relevant departments, localities are actively constructing rural innovation platforms to provide new momentum for agricultural and rural development. Yinong Information Service is an important innovation platform for driving and mobilizing farmers' innovation and entrepreneurship. The leaders and information officers of Yinong Information Service have a strong driving ability. Some of them help one people to become rich and well-off. Some combine the characteristics of Internet technology to directly organize various Training and entrepreneurship activities, such as the operation center of many benefit agricultural information agencies in Jiangxi, have assumed the functions of local administrative service centers, creating a good business environment and entrepreneurship.
China will continue to encourage social forces to use the Internet to develop various new models of pro-agriculture and agricultural benefits, promote mass entrepreneurship and innovation in rural areas, and drive more farmers to find employment nearby. Relevant departments will also organize local agricultural departments, related enterprises and units to carry out peasant mobile phone application skills training nationwide activities, organize peasant mobile phone application skill contests in a timely manner, and improve the ability of farmers to use mobile phones to develop production, facilitate life, and increase wealth.