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As we all know, big data , artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things , and customized solutions will be the standard for precision agriculture in the future, and the foundation required for China to develop precision agriculture is gradually being completed.
What is precision agriculture
The origin of precision agriculture also benefited from war. In the early 1990s, with the end of the Gulf War, GPS technology entered into civilian use, and some agricultural research departments in the United States and Canada put forward the idea of precision agriculture. In addition, the Internet brought traditional agriculture into the digital information era, and precision agriculture has gradually become the world today. New trends in agricultural development.
Precision agriculture is a benign cycle of agricultural application and practice, including a virtuous circle of information collection-information decoding-input optimization-field practice. Among them, information and data are the core part of precision agriculture. First, we must collect crop-related information and the outside world that affects crop growth. Information, and then analyze and interpret the information through a series of software application technologies, and present it to agricultural related personnel, including growers or agricultural technical service personnel, in the way of website or mobile app to guide agricultural field practical activities to achieve precision Planting, precision irrigation, precision spraying and other purposes to obtain the highest yield and maximum economic benefits.
In popular terms, the concept of precision agriculture is to give as much as needed, what is needed and what to give; the specific meaning of precision agriculture is to precisely adjust various agricultural management measures in accordance with the specific conditions of each unit of agricultural operations. A production link optimizes various agricultural inputs to the maximum to obtain maximum economic and environmental benefits.
The rapid development and maturity of Beidou have greatly improved the accuracy of the global satellite positioning system. In the agricultural field, GPS can track and monitor the farmer's agricultural machinery's operating process, and automatically navigate and drive agricultural machinery. Refined operations can be described as the top priority.
2. Yield monitoring
Agricultural machinery companies all over the world want to develop food production monitoring solutions, but it was not until the mid-1990s that the United States developed a market-oriented solution . The founder of American Precision Consulting believes that through yield monitoring, we can easily understand the changes and development of farmland and how to manage crops.
3. Variable Fertilization Technology
Variable control first appeared in the mid-1980s. With the development of technology and agricultural practice, the variable application of fertilization has far exceeded artificial fertilization. The more efficient use of fertilizer has always been the direction of precision agriculture, which is also an important part of what we call precision agriculture today.
4. Agricultural machinery navigation autopilot
It integrates all automatic technologies. It is worth mentioning that the automatic driving technology of agricultural machinery navigation meets the imagination space of farmers, retailers and precision consultants, which promotes the improvement of driving performance and reduces the chance of fatigue driving. The high utilization rate of autonomous driving technology in 2000 also promoted the development of other technologies, such as the automatic harvesting / seeding control technology to be mentioned next.
5. Automatic harvesting / seeding control
In the era when sprinklers and nozzles were not automatically controlled, seeding control technology has not yet been practically applied. And now we can clearly understand the whole process from seed box to field. This technology avoids leaks, repeated spraying or excessive spraying in non-target areas, and people become more active and controllable during seeding and spraying.
6. Programmable controller
Agricultural producers have always controlled equipment manually, and the emergence of programmable controllers has changed the rules of the game. Based on these instructions, variable rate applications can be implemented. With the widespread spread of wireless telemetry, remotely programmable device controllers will play an increasingly important role in precision agriculture.
7. Tablet PC
The tablet computer is larger than the display screen of the mobile phone, and it can directly display the area, type, soil nutrient, agricultural progress and other conditions of the regional crops. As long as the tablet computer is opened and the agricultural remote sensing monitoring service platform is used, the agricultural production situation can be seen at a glance.
8. Flatland technology
Earthmoving machine using a scraper to level the ground. The scraper is installed between the front and rear wheel axles of the machine, which can lift, tilt, rotate and extend. The action is flexible and accurate, the operation is convenient, and the leveling site has high accuracy.
When farmland data is added to the system, we can make better decisions. Geographic information systems provide us with a platform where we can visualize data. Color-coded graphs show changes in all values, including the effects of soil types on insects, pests, and crop yields. GIS raises people's awareness of farmland, but sometimes reveals things that the naked eye cannot detect.
10. Irrigation control
When the remote monitoring technology of irrigation control has been applied for many years, the promotion of wireless connection, mobile phone, App and base station transmission technology provides a better foundation for irrigation water management. From the failure alarm of irrigation system to the development of rain sensor system and variable irrigation, irrigation control technology is becoming more and more mature. Due to drought and other issues, it is imminent to increase irrigation levels through technology.
China's precision agriculture has just begun, but precision agriculture is the development direction of China's modern agriculture . We should not run away, only hugs.