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Agricultural production is greener and more efficient, new industries and new business forms are flourishing, rural reform is progressing steadily, and the rural environment is becoming more livable and improving ... In the faint scent of summer grain, a great change is quietly taking place.
From increasing production to improving quality: agricultural transformation and upgrading accelerate
The first season of this year's grain, summer grain, has a good harvest again: Information from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs shows that the summer grain output is flat compared to the previous year and slightly reduced, which is still a good harvest year. In particular, the main body of summer grain is wheat, and the safety of rations is guaranteed.
At the same time, early rice will also be a bumper harvest year, and more than half have been harvested.
"It is particularly commendable that we actively reduced the area of low-quality and inefficient early rice in the south this year." Said Zeng Yande, director of the Planting Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Yield increases are still a bumper year. "
As for the big grain of the whole year, autumn grain, the foundation for a good harvest is also very solid. The area of autumn grain this year is 1.19 billion mu, an increase of more than 2 million mu over the previous year. Recently, there is abundant rain and sufficient light, and the growth of in-field crops is generally normal, especially the growth of japonica rice in the northeast is significantly better than the previous year.
While continuing to protect the rice bowls of the Chinese, grain production continues to be optimized and greened. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs estimates that the area of corn this year will be reduced by more than 5 million mu, the area of rice will be reduced by more than 10 million mu, and the area of soybeans will be increased by about 11 million mu.
"The structural adjustment targets proposed at the beginning of the year to reduce corn, press rice, and increase beans have been basically achieved. The area of soybeans and peanuts has increased, which has increased the self-sufficiency rate of domestic edible vegetable oils," said Zeng Yande.
All regions vigorously promote the green prevention and control of organic fertilizers in place of chemical fertilizers and pests, reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and promote corn and soybean rotation. This year, the task of piloting 30 million mu of cropland in fallow crop rotation has been implemented, and high-quality agricultural development and green development are in a good state.
The transformation and upgrading of animal husbandry is also actively promoted. Various regions have guided structural adjustments in accordance with high-quality development requirements. By adjusting and optimizing the regional layout, a total of 34 million pigs have been reduced. Pig production has accelerated its transfer to regions with large environmental capacity, and the pressure on resources and environment in the southern water network region has been eased.
Adding New Momentum: Accelerating the Convergence of Rural One, Two and Three Industries
In the midsummer season, at the Dingnan Sitian Agricultural Lotus Base in Zhongcheng Village, Longtang Town, Dingnan County, Jiangxi, the lotus flowers in the lotus pond are racing to open, attracting many tourists to enjoy the scenery.
Li Lianfu, the person in charge of the base, said that through the appreciation of lotus, plucking lotus, lotus, and lotus culture and art performances, rural tourism was promoted. Processing and production of lotus seeds, lotus heart tea and other products have formed distinctive brands and increased farmers' income.
According to Zong Jinyao, director of the Agricultural Products Processing Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, since this year, various localities have actively cultivated new industries, new business models, and new models. Leisure agriculture , rural tourism, and rural e-commerce have continued to develop rapidly.
In the first half of the year, leisure agriculture and rural tourism continued to be popular. Leisure agriculture and rural tourism received 1.6 billion person-times, and realized operating income of 42 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15%. There are more than 9.8 million rural online businesses across the country, driving more than 28 million jobs.
At the same time, the agricultural products processing industry above the designated size realized a main business income of 7.8 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.1%; a total profit of more than 500 billion yuan, a 7.4% year-on-year increase.
Through a combination of online, offline, and virtual entities, a large number of new business formats such as shared agriculture, experiential agriculture, creative agriculture, central kitchens, direct supply by farmers, and personal customization have been spawned.
"The integration and development of rural industries provides new strength for structural reforms on the supply side of agriculture, injects new momentum into rural economic development, opens up new channels for increasing farmers' employment income, and adds new channels for the integration of urban and rural development," said Zong Jinyao.
Asking for dividends from reforms: Rural reforms are advancing steadily
In the first half of the year, Xiaogang Village, Fengyang County, Pizhou City, Anhui Province, the main birthplace of China's rural reform, paid dividends for the first time to the collective assets joint stock cooperatives, and each member of the collective organization received 350 yuan.
"At that time, the" big contract "was done, and the" points "were relatively thorough. Although after nearly 10 years of investment accumulation, collective operating assets are still very small." Said Li Jinzhu, the first secretary of the Xiaogang Village Party Committee. The increase in income has basically coincided with the increase in the income of villagers, and has become our principle for promoting the reform of the collective property rights system. "
From the “red handprint” of the “big deal” to the “dividends” of the current reform of the collective property rights system, Xiaogang Village is exploring a new path for reforming resources into assets, funds into shares, and farmers into shareholders.
Actively and steadily pushing forward the reform of the rural collective property rights system is an important starting point for implementing the rural revitalization strategy. The Central Agriculture Office and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs focused on the two major tasks of rural collective asset liquidation and verification, and operational asset joint-stock cooperative system reform, and adopted a series of effective measures to promote a good start for the reform of the rural collective property rights system.
Up to now, Beijing, Shanghai, and Zhejiang provinces and cities have basically completed the reform of the rural collectively-operated assets joint-stock cooperative system. The 29 pilot counties that have been piloted have also accumulated a lot of experience that can be replicated and promoted.
On the basis of the obvious results of the pilot, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs continued to expand the coverage of the reform pilots, and carried out whole-provincial trials in Jilin, Jiangsu, and Shandong provinces, and carried out whole-city pilots in 50 prefectures, including Shijiazhuang, Hebei. In 150 counties and cities including Qing District, the whole county was piloted.
At the same time, local governments are encouraged to make arrangements for local pilots on the basis of doing a good job of the central pilots, and expand the pilot areas in accordance with actual conditions.
Making the Village More Livable: Promoting the Improvement of Rural Human Living Environment
Recently, the reporter walked into Wangjia Village, Xinxing Town, Panjin City, Liaoning Province, and saw the bridges and trees in the village, flowers blooming on both sides of the street, and a garden full of fruits and vegetables in the fenced yard.
"Now the streets and alleys in the village are paved with asphalt roads, the environment is good, and everyone is in a good mood," said Wang Yanqiu, a sanitation worker who is cleaning the road.
The change in Wangjiacun is a microcosm of China's active promotion of rural environmental governance in recent years. Carrying out the three-year action to improve the rural human settlements environment is a tough battle to promote the strategy of rural revitalization. To this end, various localities combined with the implementation of the strategic plan for rural revitalization, led by strengthening and optimized village planning and management, are promoting the formation of a village construction pattern with clear functions, reasonable layout, and ecological livability.
The focus of this work is to speed up the treatment of rural garbage and sewage, and promote the "toilet revolution"; encourage farmers to use the front and back of the house to develop a courtyard economy with rural characteristics, promote a number of beautiful leisure villages and boutique tourist attractions, and promote the improvement of the village capacity appearance.
In terms of agricultural production, various localities are vigorously implementing major actions such as the treatment of livestock and poultry manure, the recovery and treatment of straw and agricultural films, and the reduction and increase in efficiency of fertilizers and pesticides to achieve input reduction, clean production, waste recycling, and ecological industrial models. To accelerate the formation of a rural ecosystem that combines planting and breeding, an ecological cycle, and a beautiful environment.