The application of IoT technology in agriculture from the perspective of strawberry planting- 【鑫 芯 物 联】
Now it's time for the strawberry market. The first agricultural " Internet of Things " base in Zhoushan City, Zhejiang Province carried out experimental demonstration on Diaoyu Island in Cengang Street. The total investment of the project is 400,000 yuan. It is planned to use one year to build 100 acres of intelligent strawberry bases based on the Internet of Things technology . At present, the first batch of 20 acres of bases have been upgraded, and related technical equipment has been installed and entered the simulation phase.
Strawberry came to the base with a "health doctor". The general manager Xia Yongnian entered the office of the "Internet of Things" base in Diaoyu Island as usual. The first thing to do was to turn on the computer and see his strawberry in the surveillance video. How it looks like. "There is a black spot on this strawberry, which may be a bite from a pest." He zoomed in and diagnosed. It was identified that a bird dropping had fallen on it. So Xia Yongnian called the base management and asked him to enter the greenhouse to do the cleaning work. After the "video tour" was completed, Xia Yongnian went to another room and turned on the electronic display on the wall. The history and real-time digital information about the strawberry growing environment were clear at a glance. "These are the system's automatic collection and analysis of temperature, light, water, fertilizer and other information. Combined with video surveillance, you can know under what conditions the strawberry grows well." The greenhouse covers an area of 20 acres, and it looks like an ordinary greenhouse The difference is not big, but there is a hidden "mystery" inside-using the "Internet of Things" technology, the most obvious difference is the installation of a rotatable surveillance video camera, two sets of sensors , several rows of micro sprinklers and automatic film rolling machine.
According to reports, the camera can monitor and record the strawberry's growth and fruit maturity throughout the process, through remote data transmission, help farmers to take timely intervention measures on diseases and insect pests; sensors are responsible for collecting and transmitting agricultural information, helping the system to make real-time Intelligent decision-making (such as turning on micro sprinkler and automatic film rolling machine, automatic sprinkler irrigation, ventilation, etc.). The base will also install some supporting systems one after another. After the entire 'Internet of Things' runs, the system will send short messages to the management personnel in case any problems occur during the strawberry growth process, so that the management personnel can further issue remote control instructions. It is understood that compared with traditional planting technologies, the application of agricultural "Internet of Things" technology is expected to increase strawberry yield by 5% to 10%, and increase the benefit by about 1,500 yuan per mu. From farming through experience to intelligent management The farming of older generations relies on experience, but the experience cannot be replicated after all. What does the new generation of farmers rely on for farming? Today ’s climate change is abnormal. Is the traditional agricultural management model Keep up with the speed of climate change? This is Xia Yongnian's original intention to introduce the "Internet of Things" in strawberry cultivation .
He said that the purpose of his "Internet of Things" is to establish a comprehensive database of strawberry planting information, "to collect data such as air temperature and humidity , light intensity, soil humidity, and CO2 concentration during the strawberry growth process each year, and enter a database. You can compare the numerical curve over the years, find the most suitable environmental conditions for strawberry growth, and finally form a planting standard. With this standard, you can create scoops according to the gourd, create the best conditions for strawberry growth, and achieve precise planting. Today is a hazy day. Without sunlight, strawberry growth needs to be supplemented with light, but how much? The system will automatically perform according to the standard to give the best solution . "That is to say, as long as you have planting standards and enter data into the system, the strawberries will be planted and the system will manage and plant them. He said that the emergence of the Internet of Things technology has broken through the restrictions brought about by the differences in the quality of workers and the increase in manpower costs in traditional agricultural planting, and has provided a good upgrade channel for intelligent and automated control of agriculture.
It is understood that in the future, the system can also track and monitor important links such as strawberry production, transportation, trading, and consumption. "Through information technology such as electronic tags and QR codes, we can trace the whole life cycle of strawberries, such as querying who grows strawberries, when they sprout, when they are harvested, when they are picked, when they are shipped to the market for sale. Pesticide, etc. With the deepening of the "Internet of Things" technology research, agricultural production will become more and more "smart", people will be able to eat more safely, and farmers will be happy.
May 4, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department
Editor: Little Devil in Gourd