In the next five years, China's five major agricultural projects and 33 changes! -[Xinxin Wulian]
I. Major Projects of Agricultural Modernization :
1. High standard farmland construction
Large-scale and low-yield fields will be renovated, existing high-yield fields will be upgraded and upgraded, and farmland irrigation and drainage facilities, machine-tilled roads, farmland forest networks, transmission and distribution facilities, and soil improvement and other field projects will be launched.
2. Farmland water conservancy construction
Improve the backbone engineering system of irrigation districts, complete the 434 large-scale irrigation districts and key medium-sized irrigation districts listed in the plan to complete the supporting and water-saving reconstruction tasks, 251 large-scale irrigation and drainage pumping stations, and start the renovation of key medium-sized irrigation and drainage pumping stations. Strengthen the construction of small farmland water conservancy facilities, and implement field support, "five small water conservancy projects", river pond dredging and other projects according to local conditions.
3. Modern seed industry
Build a national germplasm resource collection, conservation and research system. Focus on strengthening the research and development of key technologies such as the use of heterosis, molecular design and breeding, cell engineering and chromosome engineering, efficient breeding, and seed deep processing. Strengthen capacity building for seed quality testing. Build Hainan, Gansu, Sichuan and other national breeding bases and 100 regional breeding bases.
4. Agricultural mechanization
Break through bottlenecks such as rice machine insertion, rape planter harvesting, cotton and sugarcane harvesting, promote high horsepower, high performance agricultural machinery and lightweight, durable, low-consumption small and medium-sized cultivation and planting machinery and plant protection machinery, and build 500 fully mechanized demonstration counties. Promote drying machinery.
Implement "Internet +" modern agriculture , transform the Internet of Things in field cultivation, livestock and poultry farming , fishery production, forest and fruit production, support e-commerce, logistics, commerce, finance and other enterprises to participate in the construction of agricultural e-commerce platforms and establish agricultural information Monitoring, analysis and early warning system. Strengthen the construction of facility agriculture and facility fishery.
6. Construction of animal and plant disease and disaster prevention and control systems
Strengthen the monitoring and control system construction of animal and plant epidemic diseases and insect pests, construct protection facilities for grassland fires, snow disasters and biological disasters, improve fishing boat disaster prevention and avoidance facilities and equipment, and improve disaster monitoring and early warning, emergency treatment and effective prevention and control capabilities.
Major projects for sustainable agricultural development :
7. Standardization of farms
Promote standardized transformation of livestock and poultry scale farms (communities) and aquaculture farms , improve breeding conditions, and develop healthy ecological breeding.
8.Cultivated land protection and quality improvement
Take measures to adapt to local conditions, adopt comprehensive measures of "cultivation, retirement, rest, rotation, and adjustment", and promote the combination of engineering, agronomy, and agricultural machinery measures. Slope cultivated land with severe soil erosion, severely desertified arable land, and heavily metal-polluted arable land are promptly withdrawn from farming and soil pollution Farms that are not suitable for continuous cultivation, such as serious, fragile ecological environment, and lack of natural resources, shall be subject to periodic fallow. Gradually establish a scientific and reasonable crop rotation system, such as grain and bean rotation, grain economy rotation, and grain feeding rotation.
9. Regional large-scale efficient water-saving irrigation
Develop low-pressure pipeline water conveyance irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and micro-irrigation, and highlight the construction of efficient water-saving irrigation projects in key areas such as major grain-producing areas, fragile ecological environments, and over-exploited water resources.
10. Action for zero growth of fertilizer and pesticide use
Promote precise fertilization and fertilizer application technology and efficient fertilization and application machinery, promote organic fertilizers to replace chemical fertilizers, high-efficiency, low-toxicity, low-residue, and biological pesticides to replace high-toxicity, high-residue pesticides, etc. Improve the utilization of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
11. Resource utilization of agricultural waste
In key areas of large-scale aquaculture and planting industry superior production areas, support the construction of facilities and equipment for the collection, storage, transfer, treatment, and comprehensive utilization of livestock and poultry manure and straw, accelerate the construction of large-scale rural biogas projects, and produce biogas residues and other efficient organic materials. fat. In areas with large agricultural film coverage and heavy pesticide use, build facilities and outlets for recycling, treatment and reuse of waste plastic film and pesticide packaging waste.
12, agricultural product quality and safety
Develop pollution-free agricultural products, green food, organic agricultural products and agricultural products with geographical indications. Strengthen the monitoring and early warning of pests and diseases and green prevention and control, establish a traceability information system for agricultural product quality and safety supervision, and realize the interconnection and interconnection of various traceability platforms and the sharing of regulatory information. Implementation of veterinary antimicrobial treatment measures, and agricultural and veterinary drug residue indicators are basically in line with international Codex standards.
3. Major Projects for Increasing Farmers' Income:
13. Rural one, two and three industry integration and development
Implement the "one hundred counties, one thousand villages, and one thousand villages" rural one, two and three industries integration development pilot project, form a group of replicable and integrated integration development models and formats, create a group of rural industrial integration leading enterprises, and cultivate a group of industrial integration pilot zones .
14. Construction of migrant workers returning to their hometowns
Relying on exporting cities, counties' existing development zones, agricultural industrial parks and other parks, idle land, factory buildings, school buildings, wholesale markets, buildings, commercial streets, and scientific research and training facilities, a group of migrant workers return to the entrepreneurial parks will be integrated and developed.
15. Grassroots entrepreneurship service capacity improvement actions
Establish basic employment and social security service facilities at the county and township levels, and basically achieve full coverage of county-level service facilities in major export destinations. Relying on the grass-roots employment and social security service platform, the service functions of various functional departments involved in returning home and starting a business will be integrated, and an integrated business service center for financing, intelligence integration, and business integration will be established.
16.Developing Forestry Industry
Establish bases for woody oilseeds such as camellia, walnuts, dates, chestnuts, and woody grain forests, and promote the development of the processing industry. Vigorously develop the forest economy, and promote the three-dimensional composite management of forest land such as forest bacteria, forest medicine, forest birds, and forest animals. Develop high-quality, high-yield, high-efficiency bamboo industry, and raise the level of intensive operation of the bamboo industry. Vigorously develop forest tourism, build a forest tourism and leisure system with forest parks as the mainstay, wetland parks, nature reserves, desert parks, forest families, etc., and vigorously develop the forest health care and pension industry.
17. Tackling poverty
Support poor villages and poor households to develop planting, breeding and traditional handicraft industries, implement the "one village, one product" industry promotion action and "Internet +" industry to help the poor in poor villages. Implement vocational skills upgrading programs and education and training programs for poor households to ensure that the labor force of poor families has at least one skill to become rich. Implement labor service docking projects to guide the export of young and middle-aged labor. We will carry out poverty alleviation and ex-situ relocation, do a good job in the construction of resettlement housing and supporting infrastructure, improve the self-development ability of the relocated population and achieve a stable and workable poverty reduction.
Major projects for the construction of beautiful and livable villages :
18.Consolidation and improvement of rural drinking water safety
In rural areas that are closer to urban water supply pipeline networks, rural water supply conditions will be improved through expansion and reconstruction and extension of pipeline networks. Support the transformation of some small-scale, simple facilities of single village water supply projects, and promote the villages to connect to the grid to provide centralized water supply. Standardize the construction of small and decentralized water supply projects in areas with relatively dispersed population. Relocate rural resettlement sites for ex-situ poverty alleviation, build or improve water supply facilities. Improve water purification technology, equipped with disinfection and water quality testing equipment.
19. A new round of rural power grid upgrading and reconstruction projects
Accelerate the transformation and upgrading of new small towns, central village power grids, rural resettlement sites for ex-situ poverty alleviation, and agricultural production and power supply facilities; steadily promote the diversification of rural power grid investment; promote equalization of urban and rural power supply services in the central and eastern regions; Reaching standards, irrational structures, and inaccessible power and other issues have accelerated the construction of Tibetan and Xinjiang rural power grids.
20. Rural clean and renewable energy projects
Support the construction of biogas projects and large-scale rural biogas projects, provide small towns and new rural communities with concentrated supply of high-quality biomass clean gas, and carry out high-value and efficient use of excess gas. Develop solar energy, small wind energy, green small hydropower in rural areas, and fuel-saving and coal-saving stoves according to local conditions.
21. Rural road unblocking project
Promote the construction of hardened roads in villages, and strengthen the construction of safety and life protection projects for rural highways and the reconstruction of dangerous bridges. Promote the construction of Tongben Road, an ex-situ poverty alleviation resettlement site with a large population. Strengthen the reconstruction of county and township roads, such as tourist roads, resource roads, industrial park roads, and new village exit roads.
22. Rural Dangerous House Reconstruction and Seismic Housing Project for Rural Houses
Renovation of about 16 million dilapidated houses in rural areas, basically completed the reconstruction of existing dilapidated houses, and co-ordinated the development of earthquake-resistant renovation of rural houses.
23. Rural sewage and garbage treatment project
Construct sewage collection and treatment facilities in rural areas. Promote waste source classification, local reduction, and resource utilization. Implement rural household waste “household classification, village collection, town transit, county treatment”. Villages around towns will be included in the urban sewage pipe network. Village-level centralized sewage treatment facilities will be built in villages far from towns and more populated areas. Household sewage treatment facilities will be built in villages with scattered population.
24. Broadband Rural Engineering
In more developed regions, fiber-optic to administrative villages and broadband to natural villages are promoted, and in less developed regions, broadband coverage in administrative villages should be focused on. Remote areas, mountain areas, and islands are used to promote the use of mobile and satellite wireless broadband technologies. The newly planned construction of a new rural and peasant herdsman housing project will promote the construction of fiber-to-the-building and fiber-to-the-home. By 2020, approximately 50,000 non-broadband administrative villages will be connected to broadband, and more than 30 million rural households will be upgraded to broadband, covering 98% of administrative villages, and gradually achieving wireless broadband coverage.
V. Major projects for ecosystem protection and restoration:
25. Land Greening Action
Carry out large-scale tree planting and greening activities, focus on building forests in succession, strengthen the construction of protective forest systems in the Three North, coastal areas, the Yangtze River and the Pearl River Basin, accelerate the construction of national reserve forests and timber forest bases, promote the restoration of degraded protective forests, and build large-scale green ecological protection spaces And green corridors connecting various ecological spaces, forming a land greening network.
26. Protection of natural forest resources
Natural forests and unforested enclosures, sparse forests, and shrubbery lands that can be cultivated into natural forests are all included in the natural forest protection scope, and forest vegetation that is difficult to be naturally renewed is restored by artificial afforestation.
27. A new round of cropland conversion
The implementation of slope farmland above 25 degrees, severely desertified farmland and important water sources 15-25 degrees slope farmland will be converted to forestry or grassland. Expand the range of returning grazing land to grassland, rationally arrange grassland fences and reseeding and improving the degraded grasslands, and restore the natural grassland ecology and biodiversity. Carry out the treatment of poisonous grass, black soil beaches and the farming-pastoral ecotone.
28. Management of cultivated grassland in farming-pastoral ecotone
Vigorously promote the perennial excellent forage species and its dry cultivation technology, and build 17.5 million mu of artificial perennial dry grassland in the reclamation and grassland area of the farming-pastoral interlaced zone, with a vegetation coverage of more than 90%.
29. Wetland protection and restoration
Strengthen the protection of natural wetlands in key areas such as the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, and comprehensively manage wetlands that have reduced functions and reduced biodiversity due to overuse, damage, or other reasons, and moderate demonstration of sustainable use of wetlands to ensure that the area of wetlands nationwide is not low In 800 million acres.
30. Wildlife protection and construction of nature reserves
Protect and improve the habitats of rare and endangered wild animals and plants such as related wild animals and plants, and expand rescue and breeding and wild release. Rescue the extremely small populations and extremely endangered species that have difficulty in survival and reproduction in the wild. Strengthen the construction and management of nature reserves.
31. Comprehensive prevention and control of desertification and soil erosion
Implement comprehensive prevention and control of soil and water loss in key areas such as the northern sand belt, the Loess Plateau, the black soil region in the northeast, and the karst area in the southwest, and strengthen the comprehensive management of slope farmland, the improvement of erosion trenches, and the construction of small ecological watersheds. An additional 270,000 square kilometers of soil erosion control area was added.
32. Ecological protection and support system
Establish forest fire prevention infrastructure, promote advanced and practical fire prevention equipment and technology, and launch pilot projects for forest fire emergency response roads in key areas. Strengthen forestry pest control. Strengthen the investigation, collection and conservation of forest germplasm resources, and build a national forest germplasm resource protection system that combines in-situ conservation, off-site conservation, and facility preservation.
33. Water ecological governance and protection
Strengthen the protection of water ecology, systematically improve river basins, restore river and lake water systems to local conditions, promote water and soil erosion prevention and water pollution control in key areas and watersheds, and improve the water ecological environment. Strengthen the comprehensive management of groundwater over-exploitation areas and gradually reduce the amount of groundwater over-exploitation.
April 25, 2018
Chengdu Xinxin Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. Editorial Department